उत्तर मीमांसा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

uttar mimansa bharatiy darshanon men se ek hai. ise 'sharirik mimansa' aur 'vedantadarshan' bhi kahate hain. hindoo chintan ki chh: pranaliyan prachalit hain. ve 'darshan' kahalati hain, kyonki ve vishv ko dekhane aur samajhane ki drishti ya vichar prastut karati hain. unake tin yugm hain, kyonki pratyek yugm men kuchh vicharon ka samy parilakshit hota hai. pahala yugm mimansa kahalata hai, jisaka sambandh vedon se hai. ye nam badarayan ke banae hue 'brahmasootr' namak grnth ke hain. 'mimansa' shabd ka arth hai- anusndhan, gnbhir, vichar, khoj. prachin bharat men vedon ko param praman mana jata tha. ved vanh‌may bahut vistrit hai aur usamen ygy, upasana aur gyan snbndhi mntr pae jate hain. ve mntr (snhita), brahman aur aranyak, upanishad namak bhagon men vibhajit kie ge hain.[1]

poorv mimansa

prachin[2]hone ke karan ved vakyon ke arth, prayog aur paraspar snbndh samanvay ka gyan lupt ho jane se unake snbndh men anusndhan karane ki avashyakata padi thi. mntr aur brahman bhagon ke antargat vakyon ka samanvay jaimini ne apane grnth 'mimansasootr' (poorvamimansadarshan) men kiya tha. mntr aur brahman ved ke poorvabhag hone ke karan unake arth aur upayog ki mimansa ka nam 'poorvamimansa' pada hai. ved ke yagyik roop (karmakand) ke vivechan ka shastr hai.[1]

vedant

ved ke uttar bhag 'aranyak' aur 'upanishad' ke vakyon ka samanvay badarayan ne 'brahmasootr' namak grnthon men kiya tha. at: usaka nam 'uttaramimansa' pada. uttar mimansa 'sharirik mimansa' bhi is karan kahalata hai ki isamen shariradhari atma ke lie un sadhanon aur upasanaon ka snket hai, jinake dvara vah apane brahmatv ka anubhav kar sakata hai. isaka nam 'vedantadarshan' is karan pada ki isamen ved ke antim bhag ke vakyon ke vishayon ka samanvay kiya gaya hai. isaka nam 'brahmamimansa' athava 'brahmasootr' is karan pada ki isamen vishesh vishay brahm aur usake svaroop ki mimansa hai, jabaki poorvamimansa ka vishay ygy aur dharmik krity hain.

darshanik itihas

uttar mimansa ka sambandh bharat ke sampoorn darshanik itihas se hai. uttar mimansa ke adharabhoot granth ko 'vedantasootr', 'brahmasootr' evn 'sharirakasootr' bhi kahate hain. kyonki isaka vishay parabrahm (atma=brahm) hai. 'vedantasootr' vadarayan ke rache kahe ge hain jo char adhyayon men vibhakt hain. is darshan ka snkshipt nimnalikhit hai-

brahm nirakar hai, vah chetan hai, vah shrutiyon ka udagam hai evn sarvgy hai tatha use keval vedon ke dvara hi jana ja sakata hai. vah srishti ka maulik evn antim karan hai. usaki koee ichchha nahin hai. etadarth vah akarmany hai, drishy jagath usaki lila hai. vishv jo brahm dvara samay-samay par udabhat hota hai, usaka n adi hai aur n ant hai. ved bhi annt hain, devata hain, jo vedavihit ygyon dvara poshan prapt karate hain. jiv ya vyaktigat atma adi-antahin hai, chetanayukt hai, sarvavyapi hai. yah brahm ka hi ansh hai; yah svayn brahm hai. isaka vyaktigat roop keval ek jhalak hai. anubhav dvara manushy brahm gyan prapt kar sakata hai. brahm keval 'gyanamay' hai, jo manushy ko mukti dilane men samarth hai. brahmachary poorvak brahm ka chintan, jaisa ki vedon (upanishadon) men bataya gaya hai, sachche gyan ka marg hai. karm se kary ko phal prapt hota hai aur isake lie punarjanm hota hai. gyan se mukti ki prapti hoti hai.

arth niroopan

uttar mimansa men keval ved (aranyakon aur upanishadon ke) vakyon ke arth ka niroopan aur samanvay hi nahin hai, usamen jiv, jagath aur brahm snbndhi darshanik samasyaon par bhi vichar kiya gaya hai. ek sarvangin darshan ka nirman karake usaka yuktiyon dvara pratipadan aur usase bhinn mat vale darshanon ka khndan bhi kiya gaya hai. darshanik drishti se yah bhag bahut mahatvooparn samajha jata hai. samast 'brahmasootr' men char adhyay hain aur pratyek adhyay men char pad hain. pratham adhyay men pratham pad ke pratham char sootr aur doosare adhyay ke pratham aur dvitiy padon men vedant darshan snbndhi pray: sabhi baten a jati hain. inamen hi vedant darshan ke oopar jo akshep kie ja sakate hain, ve aur vedant ko doosare darshanon men- poorvamimansa, bauddh, jain, vaisheshik, pashupat darshanon men, jo us samay prachalit the, jo trutiyan dikhaee deti hain, ve a jati hain.[1]

bhashy avashyakata

samast grnth sookshm aur durooh sootron ke roop men hone ke karan itana saral nahin hai ki sab koee usaka arth aur sngati samajh saken. guru, in sootron ke dvara apane shishyon ko upanishadon ke vichar samajhaya karate the. kalantar men unaka poora gyan lupt ho gaya aur unake oopar bhashy likhane ki avashyakata padi. sabase prachin bhashy, jo is samay prachalit aur prapy hai, shnkarachary ka hai. shnkar ke pashchath aur acharyon ne bhi apane-apane snpraday ke maton ki pushti karane ke lie aur apane maton ke anuroop 'brahmasootr' par bhashy likhe the. ramanujachary, madhvachary, ninbarkachary aur vallabhachary ke bhashy prakhyat hain. in sab acharyon ke mat, kuchh anshon men saman hote hue bhi, bahut kuchh bhinn hain. svayn badarayan ke vichar kya hain, yah nishchit karana aur kis achary ka bhashy badarayan ke vicharon ka samarthan karata hai aur unake anukool hai, yah kahana bahut kathin hai, kyonki sootr bahut durooh hain. is samasya ke sath yah samasya bhi snbaddh hai ki jin upanishad vakyon ka brahmasootr men samanvay karane ka prayatn kiya gaya hai, unake darshanik vichar kya hain. badarayan ne unako kya samajha aur bhashyakaron ne unako kya samajha hai?

darshanik siddhant

vahi bhashy adhikatar thik samajha jana chahie, jo upanishadon aur brahmasootr donon ke anuroop ho. is drishti se shnkarachary ka mat adhik samichin jan padata hai. kuchh vidvanh ramanujachary ke mat ko adhik sutranukool batalate hain. uttaramimansa ka sabase vishesh darshanik siddhant yah hai ki jad jagath ka upadan aur nimitt karan chetan brahm hai. jaise makadi apane bhitar se hi jal tanati hai, vaise hi brahm bhi is jagath ko apani hi shakti dvara utpann karata hai. yahi nahin, vahi isaka palak hai aur vahi isaka snhar bhi karata hai. jiv aur brahm ka tadatmy hai aur anek prakar ke sadhanon aur upasanaon dvara vah brahm ke sath tadatmy ka anubhav karake jagath ke karm jnjal se aur barnbar ke jivan aur maran se mukt ho jata hai. muktavastha men param annd ka anubhav karata hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 uttaramimansa (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 2 agast, 2015.
  2. bharatiy vichar paddhati ke anusar apaurushey

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shrutiyan

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