अमरनाथ यात्रा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

amaranath yatra
amaranath gufa men svanirmit shivaling
vivaran jammoo-kashmir ki durgam vadiyon men sthit amaranath dham hindoo shraddhaluon ke lie kaphi mahatv rakhata hai. char dham ki tarah bhaktagan is poojaniy yatra ko jivan men ek bar karane ki ichchha avashy rakhate hain.
rajy jammoo-kashmir
desh bharat
anuyayi hindoo
devata shiv
snbndhit lekh amaranath, sheshanag jhil, pahalagam, vaishno devi
any janakari yatra hetu pahalagam se jane vale raste ko saral aur suvidhajanak samajha jata hai. ek aur chhota rasta shrinagar-leh rajamarg par sthit balatal se hai. balatal se amaranath gufa ki doori keval 14 kilomitar hai, kintu yah bahut hi durgam rasta hai aur suraksha ki drishti se bhi sndigdh hai.

amaranath yatra ko uttar bharat ki sabase pavitr tirthayatra mana jata hai. yatra ke dauran bharat ki vividh parnparaon, dharmon aur snskritiyon ki jhalak dekhi ja sakati hai. amaranath yatra men shiv bhakton ko kadi kathinaeeyon ka samana karana padata hai. beshak yah yatra thodi kathin hai, lekin kashmir ke manoram prakriti najaron aur dharmik tatha adhyatm ka anokha put isase juda hai. raste ubad-khabad hain, raste men kabhi barf girane lag jati hai, kabhi barish hone lagati hai to kabhi barphili havaen chalane lagati hain. phir bhi bhakton ki astha aur bhakti itani mazaboot hoti hai ki yah sare kasht mahasoos nahin hote aur baba amaranath ke darshanon ke lie ek adrishy shakti se khinche chale ate hain. yah mana jata hai ki agar tirthayatri is yatra ko sachchi shraddha se poora karen to vah bhagavan shiv ke sakshat darshan pa sakate hain. joon se lekar agast mah tak darshanon ke lie lakhon ki snkhya men shraddhalu yahan pahunchate hain.

vidvan mat

kee vidvanon ka mat hai ki shnkar ji jab parvati ji ko amar katha sunane le ja rahe the, to unhonne chhote-chhote annt nagon ko anntanag men chhoda, mathe ke chndan ko chndanabadi men utara, any pissuon ko pissoo taaup par aur gale ke sheshanag ko sheshanag namak sthal par chhoda. amaranath gufa ka sabase pahale pata solahavin shatabdi ke poorvadh men ek musalaman gadariye ko chala. aj bhi chauthaee chadhava musalaman gadariye ke vnshajon ko milata hai. yah ek aisa tirthasthal hai, jahan phool-mala bechane vale musalaman hote hain. amaranath gufa ek nahin hai, balki amaravati nadi par age badhate samay aur kee chhoti-badi gufaen dikhati hain. sabhi barph se dhaki hain. mool amaranath se door ganesh, bhairav aur parvati ke vaise hi alag-alag himakhnd hain.

yatra marg v padav

amaranath jane ke do marg hain-

amaranath jane ka rasta

jammoo ya shrinagar se pahalagam ya balatal bas ya chhote vahan se pahunchana padata hai. usake bad age paidal hi jana padata hai. kamazor aur vriddhon ke lie khachchar aur ghode ki vyavastha rahati hai. pahalagam se jane vala rasta saral aur suvidhajanak hai. balatal se pavitr gufa ki doori halanki keval 14 kilomitar hai, parntu yah sidhi chadhaee vala bahut durgam rasta hai, isalie suraksha ki nazarie se thik nahin hai, isalie ise surakshit nahin mana jata. lihaza, zyadatar yatriyon ko pahalagam se jane ke lie kaha jata hai. halanki romanch aur khatare se khelane ke shaukin is marg se jana pasnd karate hain. is raste se jane vale log apane jokhim par yatra karate hain. kisi anahoni ki zimmedari sarakar nahin leti hai. darasal, shrinagar se pahalagam 96 kilomitar door hai. yah vaise bhi desh ka mashahoor paryatan sthal hai. yahan ka naisargik saundary dekhate hi banata hai. liddar aur aroo nadiyan isaki khoobasoorati men char chand lagati hain. pahalagam ka yatri bes kenp chhah kilomitar door nunavan men banata hai. pahali rat bhakt yahin bitate hain. doosare din yahan se 10 kilomitar door chndanabadi pahunchate hain. chndanabadi se age isi nadi par barf ka pul hai. yahin se pissoo ghati ki chadhaee shuroo hoti hai. kaha jata hai ki pissoo ghati men devataon aur rakshason ke bich ghamasan ladaee huee thi, jisamen rakshason ki har huee. yatra men pissoo ghati jokhim bhara sthal hai. yah samudratal se 11120 fit ki oonchaee par hai.[1]

pissoo ghati ke bad agala padav 14 kilomitar door sheshanag men padata hai. liddar nadi ke kinare-kinare pahale charan ki yatra bahut kathin hoti hai. yah marg khadi chadhaee vala aur khataranak hai. yatri sheshanag pahunchane par bhayanak thnd ka samana karata hai. yahan parvatamalaon ke bich nile pani ki khoobasoorat jhil hai. isamen jhankane par bhram hota hai ki asaman jhil men utar aya hai. jhil karib dedh kilomitar vyas men phaili hai. kaha jata hai ki sheshanag jhil men sheshanag ka vas hai. 24 ghnte men sheshanag ek bar jhil ke bahar nikalate hain, lekin darshan khushanasibon ko hi nasib hota hai. tirthayatri yahan ratri vishram karate hain aur yahin se tisare din ki yatra shuroo karate hain.

sheshanag se pnchatarani 12 kilomitar door hai. bich men baivavail taaup aur mahagunas darre par karane padate hain, jinaki samudratal se oonchaee kramash: 13500 fit v 14500 fit hai. mahagunas choti se pnchatarani ka sara rasta utaraee ka hai. yahan panch chhoti-chhoti nadiyon bahane ke karan hi isaka nam pnchatarani pada. yah jagah charon taraph se pahadon ki oonchi-oonchi chotiyon se dhaka hai. oonchaee ki vajah se thnd bhi bahut zyada hoti hai. aauksijan ki kami ki vajah se tirthayatriyon ko yahan suraksha ke intazam karane padate hain. pavitr amaranath ki gufa yahan se keval ath kilomitar door rah jati hai. raste men barph hi barph jami rahati hai. isi din gufa ke nazadik pahunchakar log rat bita sakate hain aur doosare din subah pooja-archana kar pnchatarani lauta ja sakata hai. kuchh yatri sham tak sheshanag vapas pahunch jate hain. rasta kaphi kathin hai, lekin pavitr gufa men pahunchate hi safar ki sari thakan pal bhar men chhoo-mntar ho jati hai aur adbhut atmik annd ki anubhooti hoti hai.

amaranath yatra ka manachitr

darasal, jab chndanavadi ya balatal se shraddhalu nikalate hain, to raste bhar unhen pratikool mausam ka samana karana padata hai. poora belh‍t yani chndanavadi, pish‍soo taaup, zoli bal, naga koti, sheshanag, varabal, mahagunas taaup, pabibal, pnchatarini, sngam taaup, amaranath, baradi, domel, balatal, sonamarg aur asapas ka ilaqa sal ke adhikansh samay barf se dhnka rahata hai. isase insani gatividhiyan mahaj kuchh mahine rahati hain. baqi samay yahan ka mausam insan ke rahane layak nahin hota. garmi shuroo hone par yahan barph pighalati hai aur aprail se yatra ki taiyari shuroo ki jati hai. pavitr gufa ki or jane vale shraddhaluon ke lie chndanavadi se amaranath aur balatal ke bich thaharane ya vishram karane ka koee achchha thikana nahin hai. 30 kilomitar se adhik lnbe rash‍te men akasar tez hava ke sath kabhi hal़ki to kabhi bhari barish hoti rahati hai aur shraddhaluon ke pas bhigane ke alava aur koee vikalh‍p nahin hota. bachane ke lie kahin koee shed nahin hai, isiliye badi snkhh‍ya men log bimar bhi ho jate hain. yahi vajah hai ki kamazor kad-kathi ke yatri sheshanag ki haddi thithurane vali thnd sahan nahin kar pate aur unaki maut tak ho jati hai, isalie medikali anaphit logon ko amaranath yatra par nahin jane ki salah di jati hai.

atnkavad aur dhamakiyon ke bavajood shesh bharat se logon ka jammoo-kashmir ana-jana kam hone ki bajay badhata hi gaya. vajah rahe vaishno devi, amaranath, shivakhodi, khir bhavani aur buddha amaranath jaise dharmik sh‍thal. pahale vaishh‍nodevi ki chadhaee lo‍kapriy huee, phir amaranath yatra. desh bhar se amaranath gufa jane valo ki snkhya lagatar badh hi rahi hai. shraddhaluon ko hatotsahit karane ke lie kabhi ling ke pighalane to kabhi kritri‍m ling lagane ka vivad khada kiya gaya, parntu shraddha kam nahin huee. logon ki badhati bhid ko dekhakar sanh 2000 men shri amaranath shrain bord ki bhi sh‍thapana ki gee. shraddhaluon ki in kathinaiyon ko door karane ke lie kendr ke agrah par gulam nabi azad sarakar ne 26 mee, 2008 ko shri amaranath shrain bord ko balatal ke pas domel men van vibhag ki 800 kanal yani 40 hekh‍teyar zamin avntit ki thi, taki yatriyon ki suvidha ke lie asthaee shivir banae ja saken. prash‍tavit shelh‍tar men nahane, khane aur rat men thaharane ki su‍vidha hoti hai. badale men 2.5 karod rupe ka muavaja bhi tay kiya gaya tha. halanki pahale mamala jammoo-kashmir haeekort men gaya, jahan adalat ne saf kaha ki yatriyon ki suvidha ke lie priphaibriketid hat banae jaen aur any suvidhaen di jaen.

yatayat

desh ke sabhi konon se tirthayatri rel, bas ya havaee jahaz ke jarie asani se jammoo pahunch sakate hain. shraddhaluon ki tirthayatra jammoo se shuroo hoti hai. amaranath yatra par jane ke bhi do raste hain. ek pahalagam hokar aur doosara sonamarg balatal se. yani ki pahalagam aur balatal tak kisi bhi savari se pahunche, yahan se age jane ke lie apane pairon ka hi istemal karana hoga. ashakt ya vriddhon ke lie savariyon ka prabndh kiya ja sakata hai. halanki pavitr gufa sindh ghati men sindh nadi ki ek sahayak nadi amaranath (amaravati) ke pas sthit hai tathapi is tak paramparagat roop se barasta lidar ghati pahuncha jata hai. shraddhalu is marg par dakshin kashmir men pahalaganv se hokar pavitr gufa pahunchate hain aur chndanavadi, pissoo ghati, sheshanag aur pnchatarani se gujarate hue lagabhag 46 kilomitar ki yatra karate hain. pahalagam se jane vale raste ko saral aur suvidhajanak samajha jata hai. ek aur chhota rasta shrinagar - leh rajamarg par sthit balatal se hai. balatal se amaranath gufa ki doori keval 14 kilomitar hai aur yah bahut hi durgam rasta hai aur suraksha ki drishti se bhi sndigdh hai. isamen kuchh kshetr sidhi chadhaee aur gahari dhalan vale hain. isilie sarakar is marg ko surakshit nahin manati aur adhikatar yatriyon ko pahalagam ke raste amaranath jane ke lie prerit karati hai. lekin romanch aur jokhim lene ka shauq rakhane vale log is marg se yatra karana pasnd karate hain. atit men yah marg grishm ritu ki shuruat men prayog men ata tha lekin kabhi - kabhi barf ke pighalane ke karan is marg ka prayog asnbhav ho jata tha. lekin samay ke bitane ke sath paristhitiyon men sudhar hua hai aur donon hi margon par yatra kafi asan ho gee hai.


inhen bhi dekhen: amaranath


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. amaranath yatra (hindi) hindi.news18. abhigaman tithi: 20 joon, 2018.

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