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kashmir
vivaran kashmir bharat ka abhinn hissa hai. bharatiy kashmir jammoo aur kashmir prant ka ek khand hai. kashmir ko bharat ka svitajaralaind bhi kaha jata hai.
janasankhya 12,541,302 (2011)
kab jaean yahaan aprail-agast ke bich
kya dekhean shrinagar, gulamarg, pahalagam, jammoo aur kashmir, voolar jhil, jhelam nadi, pir panjal parvatashreni, kashmir ghati aur sonamarg
pramukh dharm hiandoo dharm aur bauddh dharm
bhaugolik sthiti 33° 27′ 0″ uttar, 76° 14′ 24″ poorv
kaise pahuanchean havaee jahaz, taiksi, rel aur bas dvara
bhasha urdoo, kashmiri, paha di, laddakhi aur dogari
saksharata 67.16 %
sanbandhit lekh vaishno devi, amaranath, dal jhil, leh, laddakh, gulamarg, karagil, amar mahal pailes, nishat bag, shalimar bag
adyatan‎
  1. REDIRECTsaancha:Headnote

kashmir (aangrezi: Kashmir) bharat ka abhinn hissa hai jisake alag-alag bhagoan par bharat tatha pakistan ka adhipaty hai. bharatiy kashmir jammoo aur kashmir prant ka ek khand hai. kashmir / kashmir ka prachin nam kashyapameru ya kashyapamir (kashyap ka jhil) tha. kianvadanti hai ki maharshi kashyap shrinagar se tin mil door hari-parvat par rahate the. jahaan ajakal kashmir ki ghati hai, vahaan ati prachin pragaitihasik kal mean ek bahut b di jhil thi jisake pani ko nikal kar maharshi kashyap ne is sthan ko manushyoan ke basane yogy banaya tha. kashmir ko bharat ka svitjaralaind bhi kaha jata hai.

  • bhoovidya-visharadoan ke vicharoan se bhi is tathy ki pushti hoti hai ki kashmir tatha himalay ke ek vistrit bhoo-bhag mean ab se sahastroan varsh poorv samudr sthit tha. kashmir ka itihas atiprachin hai.
  • vaidik kal mean yahaan aryoan ki bastiyaan thi. [1]
  • kashmir ke lie kashmiramandal shabd ke prayog se soochit hota hai ki mahabharat kal mean bhi vartaman kashmir ke vishal samooche pradesh ko hi kashmir samajha jata tha. us kal mean maharshiyoan ke rahane ke anek sthan the, yah bhi is uddharan se jnat hota hai. [2]

thumb|left|250px|sh aaul bunate hue karigar, kashmir

  • kalhan ki rajatarangini mean jo kashmir ka brihat itihas hai, is desh ke itihas ko ati prachinakal se prarambh kiya gaya hai.
  • kashmir mean ashok ke samay mean bauddhadharm ne pahali bar pravesh kiya. shrinagar ki sthapana is maury samrat ne hi ki thi. doosari shati ee. mean kushan nareshoan ne kashmir ko apane vishal, madhy eshiya tak phaile hue samrajy ka aang banaya.
  • kashmir se hal mean prapt bharat-baiktriaee aur bharat-parthiayi nareshoan ke sikkoan se pramanit hota hai ki gupt kal ke poorv, kashmir ka sambandh uttarapashchim mean sthapit grik rajyoan se tha.
  • vishnu puran ke ek ullekh se bhi is tathy ki pushti hoti hai--

'siandhu tatadavikorvichandrabhaga kashmiravishayaanshchavratyamlechchhashoodradayo bhokshyanti' [3]. isase kashmir adi deshoan mean sanbhavat: guptapoorvakal mean anary jatiyoan ke rajy ka hona soochit hota hai.

  • guptakal mean hi bauddh dharm ki avanati any pradeshoan ki bhati kashmir mean bhi prarambh ho gee thi aur shaiv dharm ka utkarsh dhire -dhire badh raha tha. shaivamat ke tatha punarujjivit hindoodharm ke prachar mean abhinavagupt tatha shankarachary jaise darshanikoan ka b da hath tha. shrinagar ke pas shankarachary ki paha di, dakshin ke mahanh achary ki sudoor uttar ke is desh ki darshanik digvijay-yatra ka smarak hai. hindoodharm ke utkarsh ke sath hi sath kashmir ki rajanitik shakti ka bhi tezise vikas hua.
  • rajatarangini ke anusar kashmir-naresh muktapid lalitadity ne 8vian shati mean sanpoorn uttar bharat mean kanyakubj tatha parshvavarti pradesh tak, apana adhipaty sthapit kar liya tha.
  • 13vian shati mean kashmir musalamanoan ke prabhav mean aya.
  • eeran ke hazarat saiyad ali hamadan namak sant ne apane dharm ka yahaan zoroan se prachar kiya aur dhire-dhire rajyasatta bhi musalamanoan ke hath mean pahuanch gee. kashmir ke musalamanoan ka rajy 1338 ee. se 1587 ee. tak raha aur zenulabdin ke shasanakal mean kashmir bharat-eerani sanskriti ka prakhyat keandr ban gaya. is shasak ko usake udar vicharoan aur sanskriti prem ke karan kashmir ka akabar kaha jata hai.

[[chitr:Sonamarg-Kashmir.jpg|thumb|250px|sonamarg, kashmir]]

  • 1587 se 1739 ee. tak kashmir mugal samrajy ka abhinn aang bana raha. jahaangir aur shahajahaan ke samay ke anek smarak aj bhi kashmir ke sarvotkrisht smarak mane jate haian. inamean nishat bag, shalimar udyan adi pramukh haian.
  • 1739 se 1819 ee. tak qabul ke rajaoan ne kashmir par rajy kiya.
  • 1819 ee. mean panjab kesari ranajit sianh ne kashmir ko qabul ke amir dost muhammad se chhin liya kintu shighr hi panjab kashmir ke sahit aangrezoan ke hath mean hath mean a gaya.
  • 1846 ee. mean eest iandiya kampani ne kashmir ko doangara saradar gulab sianh ke hathoan bech diya. is vansh ka 1947 tak vahaan shasan raha.

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. mahabharat van 130, 10 mean kashmir mandal ka ullekh hai- 'kashmir mandalan chaitath sarvapunyamariandam; maharshibhishchadhyushitan pashyedan bhratribhi: sahh.'
  2. mahabharat, sabha0 34, 12('dravida:-sianhalashchaiv raja kashmirakastatha') se soochit hita hai ki kashmir ka raja bhi yudhishthir ke rajasooy yajn mean aya tha. usane bheant mean any vastuoan ke atirikt aangoor ke guchchhe bhi yudhishthir ko die the, 'kashmirarajomardvikan shuddhan ch rasavanmadhu balian ch kritsnanaday paandavayabhyupaharat'--sabha0 51, dakshinaty pathh.
  3. vishnu puran 4, 24, 69
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