मध्य एशिया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

madhy eshiya prithvi par eshiya mahadvip ka madhy bhag hai. yah poorv men chin se pashchim men kaispiyan sagar tak aur uttar men roos se dakshin men afaganistan tak vistrit hai. itihas men madhy eshiya resham marg ke vyaparik aur sanskritik mahatv ke lie jana jata tha. chin, bharatiy upamahadvip, eeran, madhy poorv aur yoorop ke bich log, mal, senaen aur vichar madhy eshiya se guzarakar hi ate-jate the.

  • bhoovaigyanikon dvara madhy eshiya ki har paribhasha men bhootapoorv soviyat sngh ke panch desh hamesha gine jate hain-
  1. kazakistan
  2. kiragizastan
  3. tajikistan
  4. turkamenistan
  5. uzabekistan
  • uparokt deshon ke atirikt mngoliya, afaganistan, uttari pakistan, bharat ke laddakh pradesh, chin ke shinajiyang aur tibbat kshetron aur roos ke saiberiya kshetr ke dakshini bhag ko bhi aksar madhy eshiya ka hissa samajha jata hai.
  • madhy eshiya ka bada bhag ek stepi vala ghas se dhaka maidan hai, halanki tiyan shan jaisi parvat shrinkhalaen, karakum jaise registan aur aral sagar jaisi badi jhilen bhi is bhoobhag men ati hain.
  • aitihasik roop se madhy eshiya men khanabadosh jatiyon ka zor raha hai. pahale is par poorvi eerani bhashaen bolane vali skithi, baiktriyaee aur sogadaee logon ka bolabala tha, lekin samay ke sath-sath kazakh, uzabek, kiragiz aur ueegur jaisi turki jatiyan adhik shaktishali ban gee. isalie ise kabhi-kabhi 'turkistan' bhi bulaya jata hai.
  • 19vin sadi ke bad madhy eshiya ke bade hisse par pahale roosi samrajy aur phir soviyat sngh ka raj raha, jo donon slavi-bahusnkhyak the. is se bahut se roosi aur yookreni log bhi yahan par a base.
  • 1990 ke dashak men soviyat sngh ke tootane par yahan ke desh azad rashtron ke roop men ubhare.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh