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resham marg (sadak rasta lal rng se samudri rasta nile rng se)

resham marg athava silk root prachin chini sabhyata ko pashchim tak pahunchaya jane ka ek aham rasta tha, jo poorv aur pashchim ke bich arthik v sanskritik adan pradan ka setu ke nam se vishvavikhyat hai. resham marg prachin chin se madhy eshiya se ho kar dakshin eshiya, pashchim eshiya, yoorop tatha uttari afrika tak jane vala thal vyapar rasta tha. badi matra men chin ke resham aur resham vastr isi marg se pashchim tak pahunchaye jane ke karan is marg ka nam resham marg rakha gaya. puratatviy khoj se pata chala hai ki resham marg eesa poorv pahali shatabdi ke chin ke han rajavnsh ke samay snpann hua tha, us samay resham marg vartaman ke afaganistan, ujjabekastan, eeran aur misr ke aljendar nagar tak pahunchata tha aur is ka ek doosara rasta pakistan tatha afaganistan ke kabul se ho kar farasi khadi tak pahunchata tha, jo dakshin ki disha men vartaman men karachi tak pahunch jata tha aur phir samudri marg se farasi khadi aur rom tak pahunch jata tha.[1]

itihas

resham marg am taur par vah thaliy rasta kahalata hai, jise chin ke han rajavnsh ke mahanh yatri changachhayan ne khola tha, jo pashchim han rajavnsh ki rajadhani chhang an se pashchim men rom tak pahunchata tha. is marg ke uttar aur dakshin men do shakha rasta the, dakshini rasta tun hung nagar se shuroo hue, yang kvan darre se ho kar pashchim ki disha men khunalun parvat talahati men age chalate hue chhud lin parvat ko par karata tha aur age tayyeji (aj ke sinchang aur afaganistan ke uttar poorv kshetr men) pahunchata tha, phir age anashi yani farasi (aj ka eeran) aur thyo ji (aj ke arab prayadvip men) se ho kar prachin rom tak puhnchata tha. uttari rasta tunahung se arnbh hue yuman darre se ho kar thyen shan parvat ki dakshini talahati men chhudalin parvat ko par kar tayvan v khanachyu (aj ke madhy eshiya men) se gujar kar pashchim dakshin ki disha men age badhate hue dakshini raste se ja milata tha. yahi do raste prachin resham marg kahalata tha.[2]

vyapar men mahatta

resham marg

vyapar ke sath resham marg se sanskritik adan pradan bhi bahut kriyashil raha tha. bauddh dharm chin ke pashchimi han rajavnsh ke kal (eesapoorv 206 - eesvi 25) men chin men aya. eesvi tisari shatabdi men chin ke sinchang men gijar gufa khodi gee, jisamen ab bhi das hazar varg mitar ke bhitti chitr surakshit hai, jisase bauddh dharm ke chin men ane ke prarnbhik itihas ki jhalak milati hai. anuman hai ki bauddh dharm bharat se resham marg se sinchang ke gijar pahuncha, phir vahan se kansoo prant ke tadahung tak aya, isake bad chin ke bhitari ilakon men phail gaya. resham marg se chalate chalate anek bauddh guphaen surakshit huee dekhi jati hain, jinamen tadahung ki makaon gufa tatha loyang ki lungaman gufa vishvavikhyat hai. in gufaon ki kalakritiyon men poorv aur pashchim ki kala shailiyon ka vilay hua hai, jo resham marg se sanskritik adan pradan ka sakshi hai, ve ab vishv sanskritik dharohar namasoochi men shamil kie ge hain.

eesvi nauvin shatabdi ke bad yooropashiya mahadvip ke rajanitik v arthik dhanche men bhari badalav ke karan, khas kar samudri jahajarani ke vikas ke karan jahajarani vyapar ka achchha aur pramukh sadhan ban gaya. is tarah prachin resham marg ka mahatv lagatar ghatata gaya aur ant men vah nasht bhi hua. dasavin shatabdi men chin ke sung rajakal men hi resham marg vyapar ke lie bahut kam prayog kiya gaya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 prachin resham marg (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) china aba. abhigaman tithi: 9 apral, 2012.
  2. resham marg ka rahasy (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) china aba. abhigaman tithi: 9 apral, 2012.

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