कोला प्रायद्वीप  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kola prayadvip arkatik rekha se uttar men sthit hai. yah prayadvip tin taraf se samudr se ghira hua hai. kola prayadvip roos ke sudoor pashchimottari bhag men sthit hai. yadyapi bahut adhik uttar men sthit hone ke karan yah prayadvip kafi sard hona chahie, kintu galf strim namak garm samudri pravah ke nikat se guzarane ke karan yahan sardiyon men tapaman utana kam nahin ho pata, jitana ki hona chahie.

bhaugolik tathy

roos ke mooramansk oblast namak snghiy khnd ka adhikatar bhoobhag kola prayadvip par hi sthit hai. uttar men barents sagar aur poorv v dakshin-poorv men shvet sagar se yah prayadvip ghira hua hai, arthath isake tin or vishal jalarashi hai. yahan zamin aur barents sagar men tapaman ke antar ke karan aksar shaktishali havaen bhi chalati rahati hain. garmiyon men tapaman kafi kam rahata hai, jabaki julaee ke mahine ka ausat tapaman keval +11 digri sentigred rahata hai. kola prayadvip ke uttari bhag men tundra pradesh ka vistar hai, jahan zamin ke niche sadaiv jama hua parmafrost kisi bade vriksh ko jaden jamane hi nahin deta. is kshetr men matr ghas v jhad hi nazar ate hain.

itihas

kola prayadvip par 7000 ee. poo. se hi manav upasthiti ke praman drishtigochar hote hain. kintu 1000 ee. tak yahan keval sami log nivas karate the. isake pashchat12vin sadi men novagorod kshetr se roosi log yahan akar bas gaye, jinaki bad ke samay men vishesh pahachan ban gee. inhen 'pomor' kaha jane laga, jisaka roosi bhasha men arth hota hai- 'samudri log'. yah kshetr dhire-dhire novagorod ganatntr ka hissa ban gaya. varsh 1471 men mosko maha-dyook rajy ne is par adhikar jamaya, lekin yahan par roosi ate rahe. yahan ane vale naye roosiyon ne sthaniy sami v pomor logon ko apane adhin mehanat-mazadoori karane par majaboor kar diya.

16vin sadi tak roosi tsar-rajy aur denamark-naaurve rajashahi ke bich kola prayadvip ko lekar anaban shuroo ho gee. is karan se roosiyon ne yahan apani upasthiti aur bhi mazaboot kar li. poorv se komi log aur nenets log bhi yahan akar basane lage, kyonki unaki matribhoomiyon men unake renadiyar ke jhundon men mahamari phailane lagi thi. roosi, komi aur nenets ke dabav se sami log uttar ki or prasthan karane lage. varsh 1916 men 'romanov-na-mooraman' shahar ki sthapana huee, jise mooramansk kaha gaya. kola prayadvip par soviyat sngh ke zamane men abadi ka kafi vistar hua. adhikatar log samudr tat aur relamarg ke kinare hi akar base.

arthavyavastha

nikal utpadan yahan ka ek mukhy karobar tha. fauji paramanu hathiyaron aur nikal karakhanon ke pradooshan se paryavaran ko kafi hani huee. 1991 men soviyat sngh ke tootane par yahan ki arthavyavastha bigadane lagi.

janasnkhya

1989 se 2002 ke bich mooramansk oblast ke ek-chauthaee log kola prayadvip se anyatr prasthan kar ge. varsh 2002 se 2010 ke bich kola prayadvip ki abadi ek lakh aur kam ho gee, phir bhi yah kshetr abhi bhi uttari roos ka sabase adhik shahari aur audyogik kshetr mana jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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