जावा द्वीप  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

java dvip indoneshiya ganarajy men sthit hai. is dvip ka bharatiy itihas se bahut nikat ka sambndh raha hai. prachin samay men is dvip ko 'yav dvip' kaha jata tha. bharat ke kee grnthon men java dvip ka ullekh hua hai. lagabhag do hazar varsh tak yahan hindoo sabhyata ka prabhutv raha. aj bhi yahan hinduon ki badi bastiyan paee jati hain. visheshakar poorv java men 'majapahit' samrajy ke vnshaj tengar log rahate hain, jo ab bhi hindoo hain. 'borobudur' aur 'pramabanan mndir' yahan ke prasiddh dharmik sthal hain.

itihas

prachin kal men java nikatavarti kshetron ke saman hindoo rajaon ke adhin tha. hindoo rajaon ne hi yahan bauddh dharm ka prachar kiya tha. yahan bahut se hindoo evn bauddh samuday ke mndir tatha unake avashesh vidyaman hain. maigelang ke nikat 'borobudur' mndir snsar ka brihattam bauddh mndir hai. 14vin-15vin sadi men yahan muslim snskriti phaili aur yahan musalamanon ka rajanitik adhipaty hua. isake bad purtagali, dach evn angrez vyapari ae, kintu 1619 ee. se dachon ne rajy prarnbh kiya. 27 disambar, 1949 men indoneshiya ganarajy ki sthapana huee, jisamen java pramukh dvip hai.

bhaugolik sthiti

java indoneshiya ganarajy men sthit ek dvip hai, jo malaya dvip shrrinkhala men brihattam tatha sarvaprasiddh hai. isaka kshetraphal 1,32,174 varg mil hai. isake uttar men java samudr, dakshin men hind mahasagar aur poorvn men bali tatha pashchim men sumatra dvip hain, jo kramash: bali tatha sunda jaladamaroomadhyon dvara java se alag ho ge hain. java ki poorv se pashchim men lnbaee lagabhag 960 ki.mi. tatha uttar se dakshin ki adhikatam chaudaee lagabhag 200 ki.mi. hai.

java dvip ka nirman adhikanshat: tritiy kayugin chattanon dvara tatha anshat: navinatar chattanon dvara hua hai. keval tin sthanon par prachinatar chattanen upalabdh hoti hain, jo snbhavat: kriteshas yug ki hain. java ke bhoogarbh evn dharatal par 'plaiosin' tatha madhy tritiyak yugin jvalamukhi udgaron ka adhik prabhav pada hai.

jvalamukhi

java men sau se bhi adhik jvalamukhi parvat hain, jinamen se 13 ab bhi sakriy avastha men hain. yahan 20 se bhi adhik parvat-shikharon ki oonchaee 8000 phut se adhik hai, jinamen semeroo (12,060') sarvochch hai. is dvip men bhooknp ate rahate hain, lekin bahut hi viral. hind mahasagar men girane vali nadiyan chhoti aur tivragami hain. parntu uttar men pravahit hone vali nadiyan apekshakrit adhik lnbi, dhimi gati vali parivahaniy hain.

krishi

bharat ke saman hi java bhi krishi pradhan kshetr hai. rabar, ganna, chay, kahava tatha koko yahan ki vyaparik fasalen hain, jo pahale bade baganon men, kintu ab chhote kheton men bhi ugaee jati hain. snsar ka kul 90 pratishat sinakona yahan paida hota hai. nariyal ki jata, tel, tad ka tel aur patua bhi niryat hote hain. dhan sarvapramukh upaj aur nivasiyon ka ahar hai. sinchaee ki sahayata se isaki do fasalen ugaee jati hai. tnbakoo, makka, matar, soyabin aur kasava yahan ki any pramukh fasalen hain.

udyog

khanijon men koyala aur tel ka utpadan hota hai. java ke log lagabhag tis prakar ki dastakari ke liye prasiddh hain. bade udyog adhik nahin hain. jakarta, surabaya aur semarang men jahaz nirman ka kary kiya jata hai aur sath hi inaki marammat bhi ki jati hai. kapade, kagaz, diyasalaee, kanch aur rasayanik padartho ke bhi kuchh karakhane yahan ki arthavyavastha ka adhar hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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