ट्रैंसिलवेनिया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

trainsilaveniya ek bada pradesh hai, jisaka kshetraphal lagabhag 37,318.4 varg kilomitar hai. roomeniyan desh men yah apani advitiy bhaugolik ikaee ke liye prasiddh hai. yah angrezi ke 'di' akshar ki bhoomyakriti vala aur charon or se parvatiy shrrinkhalaon se ghira hua hai. isake uttar tatha poorv men karpethiyan, dakshin men trainsilaveniya alps ki bahirvarti shrrinkhalaen hain. trainsilaveniya alps ek parvatiy bhag hai, jo madhy roomeniya men pashchim se poorv ko phaila hua hai. trainsilaveniya isake uttar men hai.[1]

itihas

103 eesavi ke bad se hi trainsilaveniya ka vistrit itihas upalabdh hota hai. us samay yah rom ke 'daisiya' namak prant ka ek bhag tha. chauthi shati ke bad bahut dinon tak yahan bhinn-bhinn jatiyon aur vargon ke log basate ujadate rahe. 1003 eesavi men hngari ke shasak stiphen pratham ne trainsilaveniya par adhikar kiya. 16vin shati men madhy hngari par turkon ki vijay ke sath trainsilaveniya svatntr ho gaya. svatntrata aur abhyuday ke kal men yahan stiphen batharay, gaibriel baithalen aur jarj rakoji jaise kushal samrat hue. 17vin shati men yah pun: hngari men sammilit ho gaya.

1867 men aaustriya aur hngari ke bich sndhi huee, jisake anusar trainsilaveniya hngari ka hi ek bhag man liya gaya. age chalakar roomeniya ke jagaran kal men vahan ke prabuddh nagarikon ne karpethiyan parvat ke par bhi adhikar ka dava kiya. pahale vishvayuddh men mitr rashtron ne roomeniya ko trainsilaveniya dila dene ka vachan diya (1916). 1920 men trayanan ki sndhi men yah vachan poora bhi kar diya gaya, kintu hngari ne is nirnay par apatti ki. agast, 1940 men jarmani aur itali ne is pradesh ka uttari kshetr balath‌ hngari ko saunp diya. mitr rashtron aur roomeniya tatha hngari ke bich kramash: 1944 aur 1945 men yuddhaviram sndhiyan hueen, jinake anusar trainsilaveniya pun: roomeniya ko de diya gaya.[1]

nivasi

yahan ke nivasiyon men 58 pratishat roomeniyaee aur 28 pratishat hngeriyaee hain. doosare mahayuddh ke poorv yahan jarman aur yahoodi bahusnkhyak the. lekin yuddh ne unaki snkhya ghata di. roomeniyaee arthodaks, yooniyanist, roman kaitholik, kailvinist, lootharan aur yooniteriyan adi dharmavalnbi is chhote se kshetr men rahate hai.

vyavasay, khadyann tatha khanij

pahadiyon se ghire hue is pathari pradesh ka mukhy vyavasay krishi tatha pashupalan hai. khadyannon ke atirikt aloo tatha alasi yahan ki pramukh paidavar hain. svarn, tamr, ranga, loh, koyala prakritik gais tatha namak mukhy khanij padarth hain. yahan par kuchh bade tatha bahut-se laghu udyog dhndhe bhi pragati kar rahe hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 trainsilaveniya (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 03 sitambar, 2014.

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