बेबीलोन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"

bebilon itihas prasiddh vah sthan, jahan vishv vijeta sikandar ki mrityu huee thi. hammoorabi yahan ka mahanatam shasak tha, jisane vishv prasiddh qanoon snhita ka nirman kiya, jo 'hammoorabi snhita' ke nam se jani jati hai. bebilon ke jhoolate bag, jinhen 'semiramis ke bag' bhi kaha jata hai, vah vishv ke sat ashcharyon men se ek hai.

snkshipt itihas

chauthi shatabdi ee. poo. ke ant tak mesopotamiya men rajyon ki sthapana ho chuki thi aur 'dajala aur pharat' nadiyan jahan qarib a jati hain, vahan bebilon nagar bas chuka tha. yah ek bada vyaparik nagar tha, jahan badi-badi mndiyan aur godam the. bebilon nagar men 1792 ee. poo. men 'hammoorabi' namaka ek shasak hua tha, jisane 1750 ee. poo. tak shasan kiya. bebilon men apar sampada thi aur hammoorabi ke pas vishal sena. hammoorabi ek-ek kar as-pas ke rajy hastagat karata gaya. apane ap ko vah devata samajhata tha aur is bat ka use bahat garv tha. usane apani praja ke liye ek qanoon snhita banaee thi, jo itihas men 'hammoorabi snhita' ke nam se bahut prasiddh hai.

aitihasik pramanon se yah siddh hota hai ki samudri marg se sumer, bebilon aur sindhu pradesh ke bich gahare vyapari sambandh the. bhootakal men bharat bhi vanijy snbndhi karyon men bahut prasiddhi prapt kar chuka tha. vaidik kal se hi dravid tatha ary logon ne misr, asiriya aur bebilon se vyaparik evn sanskritik snbndh sthapit kar lie the. eesa masih ke saikadon varsh poorv se hi bharat men shilp aur vanijy ka sarvangin vikas hua. sikandar ki mrityu ke bad usake senaniyon men yoonani samrajy ki satta ke lie sngharsh hua tha, jisake parinamasvaroop selyookas, pashchim eshiya men prabhutv ke mamale men, aintigonas ka pratidvandvi bana. ee. poo. 312 men usane bebilon par apana adhikar sthapit kiya tha.

jhoolate bag

bebilon ke jhoolate bag 'semiramis ke jhoolate bag' nam se bhi jane jate hain. prachin vishv ke sat ajoobon men se yah ek hai. yah aj ke iraki nagar 'al-hillah' ke nikat sthit tha. is udyan ka nirman 'naboochadnejar dvitiy' ne eesa se chh: sau varsh poorv karavaya tha. kivadnti ke anusar yah mana jata hai ki is udyan ka nirman raja naboochadnejar ne apani patni ko prasann karane ke liye kiya tha. eesa se do shatabdi poorv ek bhooknp me yah udyan poorn roop se nasht ho gaya tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

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