अलास्का  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

alaska uttari amarika ke pashchimottar bhag men sthit, snyukt rajy ka brihattam aur sarvadhik viral basa hua, 49van rajy hai. sthiti: 51°40¢ u. se 70° 50¢ u.a. tatha 130°0¢ p. se 173° 0¢¢ p. de.; kshetraphal: 5,86,400 varg mil;. adhikansh nivasi gori jati ke hain. ainkarej, kechikan, aur eestachestar mauntenavyoo adhunik suvidhasnpann nagar hain.

snyukt rajy ne 72 lakh dalar, yani do sent se bhi kam prati ekad par alaska ko roos se 1867 ee. men 30 march ko kharida. roos (sanh‌ 1741-1867) aur phir snyukt rajy ki anek varshon ki adhikaravadhi men alaska sarvavidhishoshy aur aupaniveshik kshetr ke roop men avikasit raha hai. bad men snyukt rajy isaki atynt mahatvapoorn samarik mahatta evn prachur snpatti ko dhyan men rakhakar isake vikas ki or agrasar hua hai. 1957 men ise vaidhanik rajy ka adhikar prapt hua hai.

alaska ka dharatal atynt visham hai. yahan snyukt rajy ke any rajyon men sthit sarvochch shikhar (maunt hvitasani: 14,501 phut) se adhik unche gyarah shikhar vidyaman hain jinamen maunt maikinle (20,300 phut) uttari amarika ka sarvochch shikhar hai. dharatal, jalavayu, vanaspati adi ki visheshataon evn vikas ki snbhavanaon ko drishti men rakhakar alaska ke tin pramukh bhaugolik vibhag kie ja sakate hain: (1) prashant mahasagar tatiy kshetr (50¢¢-120¢¢ varshik varsha) jisamen snpoorn dakshini poorvi bhag sammilit hai, lagabhag 3,000 mil ki lnbaee men phaila hai. is kshetr ka adhikansh bhag parvatiy hai jisamen bison himashikhar, ghatiyan evn himanadiyan hain. nichali dhalon par shrisaral (hemalaauk), saro evn devadaru ke ghane van hain. any bhagon ki apeksha is bhag men shit ritu men n kadake ki sardi, n grishm men adhik garmi padati hai. (2) madhy ka pathar (varsha: 9¢¢-19¢¢) do lakh varg mil ka uchch bhoomivala kshetr hai, jisamen yookan tatha kuskovig nadiyan bahati hain. yahan atynt visham jalavayu hai par krishi evn charagah yogy sarvadhik yahin hain. van apekshakrit nimn koti ke evn adhik khule hain. (3) uttari maidani kshetr men, jo bruks parvatashreniyon dvara pathar se prithakh‌ hota hai, tundra ki jalavayu evn vanaspati milati hai. renadiyar (bada barahasinga), kairiboo (barahasinge ki ek vishesh jati) tatha sil machhaliyan yahan jivananirvah ka mukhy sadhan hain. koyala evn tel bhi yahan prapt hota hai.

alaska men sona, chandi, tanba, para, koyala, tel, plaitinam, ranga, tngsten, sisa, jasta, sngamaramar tatha any khanij prachur matra men hain, jinaka adhikansh parvatiy bhag evn pathar men hai. matsy (ay: 8,85,34,486 dalar), khanij (ay: 2,78,90,000 dalar) tatha oornajin (phar) (ay: 50,00,000 dalar) yahan pramukh udyog hain. krishi evn charagahen ki bhi vriddhi ho rahi hai. vanon se bahumooly lakadiyan prapt hoti hain. isake atirikt alaska ke manoram drishyon tatha akhet krida snbndhi suvidhaon ke karan yatri udyog (tuarijm) badh raha hai. yahan 648 mil rel, 3,500 mil sadak tatha vayuyan ke chhote bade 400 snsthan hain. vastuon ka ayat niryat mukhyat: samudr dvara hota hai. kul varshik vyapar lagabhag 23,00,00,000 dalar ka hata hai.[1]


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  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 257 |

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