डच ईस्ट इण्डीज  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dach eest indij masale vale 'java' tatha 'molukkas' dvipon ka sammilit rajy tha. 17vin shatabdi ee. ke prarambh men dach log (halaindavasiyon) ne in dvipon men apani vyaparik kothiyan sthapit kin aur angrezon ko vahan apana pair jamane nahin diya, yahan tak ki 1623 ee. men unhonne amboyana men angrezon ka katleam karake vahan se unaka saphaya kar diya. bad ke dinon men masale vale in dvipon par british bharatiy fauj ne adhikar kar liya.

dachon ka adhikar

dachon ne bataviya (java) ko apana sadaramukam banaya tha, jahan se malay dvipasamooh ke adhikansh bhag par vah asani se shasan kar sakate the. isake phalasvaroop malay dvipasamooh 'dach eest indij' ke nam se jana jane laga. 19vin shatabdi ee. ke prarambh men jab frans ke naipoliyan ne halaind par adhikar jamaya, to malayadviy bhi usake niyntran men a gaya.

angrezon ka qabza

is samay bharat men eest indiya kampani ka gavarnar-janaral laaurd minto pratham tha. usane malay dvipasamooh par qabza karane ka nishchay kiya. isake lie usane vishesh taiyari ki. 1810 ee. men british bharatiy fauj ne amboyana aur masale vale dvipon par adhikar kar liya. doosare varsh minto ne 12 hazar nausainikon ka beda sar saimyual akamati ke netritv men bheja, jisane pahale malakka par lngar dala. laaurd minto svayn is bede ke sath men tha. in sainikon ne bataviya par asani se adhikar kar liya. isake bad kornelis ke qile ke lie fransisi janaral jainsens, jise naipoliyan ne kamandar niyukt kiya tha, aur angrez fauj ke bich ghamasan yuddh hua. is yuddh men vijay ke phalasvaroop sampoorn malay dvipasamooh angrezon ke adhikar men a gaya.

viyana ki sandhi

malay dvipasamooh poori tarah se angrezon ke adhikar men a jane ke bad laaurd minto isaka prashasan staimford raifils ke adhikar men chhodakar bharat vapas a gaya. lekin jab 1815 ee. men 'viyana ki sandhi' ki gee, tab isake phalasvaroop yoorop men shanti ki sthapana ho gee. yah is sandhi ka hi parinam tha ki 1816 ee. men 'dach eest indij' (malay dvipasamooh) halaind ko phir se vapas kar diya gaya. ab yah indoneshiya ke svadhin ganatntr ke antargat ata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bharatiy itihas kosh |lekhak: sachchidanand bhattachary |prakashak: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan |prishth snkhya: 179 |


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