हेरात  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

herat afaganistan ka ek prantiy nagar hai. yah desh ke pashchim men hai aur aitihasik mahattv ka shahar hai. yah khorasan kshetr ka hissa hai. yah jis prant ki rajadhani tha, use grik log eriya kahate the. yah eriya hindookush ke thik poorv men hai aur samarik drishti se atyant mahattvapoorn hai. uttar-pashchim men ise bharatavarsh ki prakritik sima mana jata hai. eesavi poorv chhathi shatabdi men selyukas ne yah pradesh chandragupt maury ko de diya aur maury samrajy ke patan tak yah pradesh usake adhin raha. isake bad eesavi sanh ki prarambhik shatabdiyon men is uttari-pashchimi kshetr par yavan aur parthiyan rajaon ka rajy ho gaya. isake bad herat kabhi bharatiy samrajy ke antargat nahin raha. faras aur afaganistan ke bich is pradesh ke lie barabar ladaiyan hoti rahin. ant men 1863 ee. men dost muhammad ne ise apane rajy men mila liya. angrez rajanitigyon aur yuddh visharadon ka agrasar niti ka poshak dal shuroo se is paksh men raha ki is bhoo-bhag ko apane adhikar men kar lena chahie. isi uddeshy se pahala aur doosara afagan yuddh hua. parantu is niti men saphalata n mil saki. uttar-pashchim men prakritik sima ki niti ke poshakon ka manorath kabhi poora nahin ho saka.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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