ग्वाटिमाला  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gvatimala (angrezi:Guatemala) madhy amarika ka sarvottari ganarajy, jo madhy amariki deshon men kshetraphal ki drishti se dvitiy[1] tatha janasnkhya ki drishti se pratham[2] hai. prashant mahasagariy tatha kairibiyan sagariy taton ki lnbaee kramash: lagabhag 200 tatha 70 mil hai. yatayat ka abhav is ganarajy ki pragati men mukhy badha hai.

bhaugolik snrachana

gvatimala ka lagabhag do tihaee bhag jvalamukhiy tatha parvatiy hai. lagabhag 200 mil lnba tatha 30 mil chauda samudratatiy maidan prashant mahasagar ke samantar phaila hai. isake bad samudr tal se 300-4500 phut ooncha parvat padiy pathari bhag hai. yahan 8000-10,000 phut oonchi siyara medar namak parvat shreniyan hain, jinamen bahut se jvalamukhiy shikhar hain. in jvalamukhiy shikharon ke nam is prakar hain[3]-

  1. tahoo moolko - 13,812
  2. taikana - 13,333
  3. ekatenago - 12,992
  4. phvego - 12,581
  5. santa meriya - 12,362
  6. agva - 12,310

in jvalamukhiy shikharon ke karan yahan bahudha bhooknp hua karate hain.

upajaoo ghatiyan

in antarparvatiy bhagon men sthit ghatiyan atynt upajaoo hain. is kshetr ki janasnkhya ka vitaran, avasakram, sthapaty kala tatha arthik pragati par in jvalamukhi parvaton ka prachur prabhav dikhaee data hai. uttar men kairibiyan sagar ka tatavarti nicha maidan hai, jo pahale 'maya sabhyata' ka kendr tha. yah bhag adhikanshat: vanachchhadit hai.

udyog dhndhe

gvatimala men krishi pramukh vyavasay hai. sthaniy upayog ke liye makka, ganna, dhan, gehoon vibhinn kism ki semen, phal tatha tnbakoo adi paida kie jate hain. kahava, kela, kapas, manila tel, koko tatha lakadiyan pramukh niryat vastu hain. pashu, bhed, bakariyan, sooar tatha murgi palan bhi pramukh vyavasay hain. san 1948 men kul rashtriy utpadan ka keval 14 pratishat udyog dhndhe se prapt hua. ye udyog bhojy-samagri, kapadon, tnbakoo, imarati saman tatha lakadiyon adi se snbndhit hain. lagabhag 65 pratishat bhoomi vanachchhadit hai.[3]

khanij padarth

khanij padarthon men sona, chandi, sisa, jasta, tanba tatha kromiyam pramukh hain. aintimana, loh, sphatik tatha koyala bhi upalabdh hain. paiten, alta verapaj tatha aijabel kshetr men mitti ke tel ki snbhavana hai. matsyotpadan bhi badh raha hai.

janasnkhya

kul janasnkhya ka lagabhag 54 pratishat bharatiy tatha shesh laidino hai. tin pramukh kshetron men- jvalamukhiy parvatiy bhag, prashant mahasagar tatiy maidan tatha dakshin-poorvi bhag, jo el selvadaaur tatha hondurais se sata hai, janasnkhya ka adhikansh bhag rahata hai. gvatimala desh ki rajadhani tatha sarvapramukh nagar hai, jabaki dvitiy brihattam nagar kaisalatenango ki janasnkhya keval 36,209 hai. any nagaron men kovan, jaikepa, pveton vairnyos pramukh hain.

yatayat

yatayat ka abhav is desh ki pragati men badhak hai. kul 720 mil relamarg hai. madhy amariki antararashtriy relamarg gvatimala ko meksiko tatha el sailvadaaur se jodata hai. yahan kul 4,417 mil lnbi sadaken hain, jo rajadhani se prantiy rajadhaniyon ko snbndhit karati hain. pveton vairnyos atalantak mahasagar ke kinare sabase bada pattan hai. prashant mahasagar ke tat par ophoj, shainperiko tatha san joz chhote pattan hain. nadiyan bahut kam parivahaniy hain.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 42,353 varg mil
  2. 1960 men anumanit : 37,59,000
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 gvatimala (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 28 aprail, 2014.

snbndhit lekh

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