गोल्ड कोस्ट  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gold kost afrika ka pashchimi samudratat hai, jise ab ghana kahaten hain. pahale yah briten ke pashchimi afriki aupaniveshik tntr ke adhin tha. 14vin sadi men sarvapratham yahan purtagaliyon ka agaman hua. 17vin sadi men angrez tatha dach vyapari is kshetr ke dvara dason ka vyapar karate the. dhire-dhire is kshetr par briten ka adhipaty ho gaya. 6 march, 1957 ko gold kost tatha togolaind ke trastiship kshetr ko dominiyan pad[1]prapt hua. usi samay se isaka namakaran 'ghana' hua. yah nam us prachin svatntr evn shaktishali rajatntr ka dyotak hai, jo chauthi sadi se lekar 13vin sadi tak madhy naijar kshetr men sthit tha. 1 julaee, 1960 ee. ko yah british rashtrasngh ke antargat ek svatntr ganarajy ghoshit hua.[2]

kshetron ka vibhajan

bhaugolik drishti se gold kost ko poorvi, pashchimi, ashanti[3] uttari tatha togolaind, in panch kshetron men vibhajit kar sakate hain. prashasanik drishti se ise ath bhagon-poorvi, pashchimi, ashanti, uttari, volta, madhy, oopari[4] tatha brong ahapho men banta gaya hai.

bhaugolik dashaen

ghana ka adhikansh bhag volta nadi ke besin men padata hai. dakshin-pashchimi samudratatiy kshetron men ushnakatibndhiy van pae jate hain; shesh samudratatiy nichale maidanon men savana ghasen ugati hain. desh ke antarbhag men dharatal uthata jata hai. madhy ka parvatiy bhag adhik varsha hone ke karan vanachchhadit hai. pahadiyon ke uttar sthit kshetr men savana ghasen pramukh prakritik vanaspati hain.[2]

vyavasay

ghana ka pramukh vyavasay krishi hai. kokaa yahan ki sarvapramukh fasal hai, jisaki kheti 45 lakh ekad men hoti hai. pichhale kuchh varsho men vaigyanik tarikon ke vyavahrit hone ke karan prati ekad utpadan men ashcharyajanak vriddhi huee hai. isaki kheti pahadon ke dakshin, mukhyat: kumasi kshetr men hoti hai. nariyal se utpann narikel[5]dvitiy pramukh niryat vastu hai. parvatiy bhagon ke dakshin men moongaphali makee, chaval, kaisava[6], kela, rataloo ityadi tatha uttari kshetr men moongaphali, chaval, makee, jvar, bajara tatha rataloo pramukh paidavar hain. tnbakoo tatha rabar ka utpadan bhi badh raha hai. uttar men pashupalan pramukh vyavasay hai.

niryat-vyapar

gold kost sona, mainganiz, hira, tatha baauksait adi khanij padartho ke liye prasiddh hain. kokoa, sona, lakadi, hira, mainganiz, baauksait tatha talabij[7] pramukh niryatak vastuen hain. 1958 ee. men ghana ka kul niryat-vyapar 10,45,57,310, paund (starling) ka tha, jisaka 36.2 pratishat briten, 19.2 pratishat snyukt rajy amarika, 16.1 pratishat jarmani tatha 9.7 pratishat halaind dvara kharida gaya. ayat men sooti kapade, yntradi aur savari gadiyan pramukh hain.[2]

nagar tatha yatayat

samudratat par sthit aikra[8]ghana ki rajadhani tatha sabase bada nagar hai, jisaki janasnkhya 3,25,977 (1960) hai. any nagaron men kumasi (1,90,362), sekondi-tokonradi (1,01,532) kep kost (54,986) tamale (49,223) kophoridua (39,164) keta (29,719) vinneba (25,366) obuasi (23,775) adi mukhy hain. takoradi ke atirikt aikra se 17 mil poorv men tema men ek naya pattan bana hai. 1959 ee. men ghana men kul 591 mil lnbe relamarg tatha 13,766 mil lnbe rajamarg the.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. Dominion status
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 gold kost (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 29 mee, 2015.
  3. Ashanti
  4. Upper
  5. Copra
  6. Cassava
  7. Palm kernel
  8. Accra

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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