ऐम्स्टरडैम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

aimstaradaim ka poorv nam aimsatelaredaim (aimsatel nadi ka bandh) tha. yah haaulaind (nidaralainds) ka pramukh nagar hai tatha haaulaind ke uttari pradesh men zuidar zi namak samudri khadi ki ek badhi huee shakha ke dakshin bhag par a. 52° 22' u. tatha de. 4° 53´ poo. par sthit hai. janasnkhya sanh‌ 1970 ee. men 8,31,463 thi. nagar ardhavrittakar hai. is ardhavritt ke bhitar char naharen–prinsen, kaizar, heren tatha zingal hain; ye apas men samantar tatha bahukonik chndrakar roop men phaili huee hain; chhoti-chhoti any sidhi naharen nagar ko pratyek disha men katati hain. is prakar nagar 90 dvipon men vibhajit ho gaya hai, jinapar 300 pul bane hue hain. nagar ka bhag pahale daladali bhoomi ke roop men tha, isalie sabhi bhavan stnbhon par tike hue hain jo 14 se 60 phut tak daladali bhoomi ke niche prithvi ki dridh parat tak dhnsae ge hain. 13vin shatabdi ke prarnbh men yah nagar machhuon ki basti tha. isamen ek chhota sa durg tha jisamen aimsatel adhipati nivas karate the.

sanh‌ 1940 ee. men, dvitiy mahayuddh ke samay, is nagar ko yathesht kshati uthani padi thi. nagar ka kendrabindu sabase bhitari chndrakar nahar tatha vishal vargakar bandh ke bich hai. yahin 14vin shatabdi men aimsataradaim nagar basa tha. nagar ke jivan ka kendr bandh hi hai. yahan ek vishal mahal hai jo 13,659 stnbhon par khada kiya gaya hai tatha usapar 182 phut ooncha burj hai.

badnragah tatha aimsatel ke pul par se dekhane par nagar ka drishy bada hi ramaniy dikhaee padata hai. girajagharon ki minaren evn chhatr tatha navon ke mastoolon ka jamaghat dekhate hi banata hai. purane bandh ko ooncha tatha chauras kar diya gaya hai, jisapar sundar bagichon tatha vrikshon ki chhata dekhane yogy hai. bahut samay se nagar samudr se snbndhit rahane ke karan bahut prasiddh ho gaya hai aur sath hi isako bade-bade samudrikon, vyapariyon tatha anveshakon ka janmasthan hone ka bhi saubhagy prapt hai. yahan bade-bade jahajon ke

thaharane, mal utarane chadhane tatha rakhane ki uttam vyavastha hai. snsar ki badi-badi jahaji knpaniyon ke mukhy kendr yahin sthit hain.[1]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 2 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 280 |

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