असीरिया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

asiriya irak ki dajala (taigris) aur pharat (yaphrooetiz) nadiyon ke bich men jo bhoomi hai usapar, prachin kal men, do rajy, asiriya tatha baibiloniya the. pashchim men madhy mesopanchatamiya ka ujad pleto, poorv men kurdistan ka pahadi bhag, uttar men arminiya tatha dakshin men baibiloniya ka rajy asiriya ki simaen nirdharit karate the.

jahan asiriya tha vah parvatiy tatha pathari desh hai. isake madhy men maidani bhag tatha kuchh ghatiyan hain. jalavayu bhoomadhyasagariy hai. yahan sinchaee ki samuchit vyavastha thi. asiriya rajy ka vistar siriya ki taraph adhik tha. jahan aj sharakat nagar hai, vahin dajala nadi ke pashchimi tat par asur nagar tha jo desh ki rajadhani tha. nineveh nagar asur se 60 mil uttar men sthit tha. kuchh samay ke lie kalah 8vin tatha 9vin shatabdi men desh ki rajadhani tha. akhela, harana adi bahut se nagar tatha upanagar desh men the, jinake avashesh ab bhi milate hain.

barbar akramanon se apani raksha tatha adhik kathinaiyan ka samana karane ke karan yahan log yuddhapriy tatha kathor the. yahan gehoon, jau tatha phal bahut paida hota tha. yahan ki sabhyata eesa se 2,500 ee.poo. ki mani jati hai. prarnbhik sumeri kal ke itihas men yahan ki sabhyata ka varnan paya jata hai. yahan ke nagar suvyavasthit dhng se base hue the. jinamen vinodasthal, kridakendr tatha udyan the. nagaron ke charon taraph attalayukt chaudi divaren thin.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 305 |

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