ऐल्ते विश्वविद्यालय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ailte vishvavidyalay, budapaisht

otvosh lorend vishvidyalay (ailte) mool roop se kardinal pitar pajameni dvara sanh 1635 men nagyasombat (ajakal tranva, slovakiya) men darshan aur eeshvar vigyan shikshan ke ek kaitholik vishvavidyalay ke roop men sthapit kiya gaya tha. 1770-1780 ke madhy yah pahale buda men phir pesht men sthanantarit hua. hngari ki rani mariya theresa ki madad se yah raauyal hngeriyan vishvavidyalay ban gaya. isake bad ke dashakon men vidvat samaj ki avashyakataon ko dhyan men rakhakar ne snkayon ki sthapana ki gee. 19vin shatabdi ke uttarardh men yah ajakal ke sndarbh men uchch shiksha ka adhunik kendr ban gaya jisamen sabhi visheshgy vishayon ki shiksha di jati hai. 1950 men is vishvavidyalay ko manyata mili aur isane apana vartaman nam apana liya. yah nam vishv prasiddh bhautikavigyani lorend otvosh ke nam par rakha gaya hai jo isamen adhyapan karane vale ek prachary the. dainyoob nadi ke sundar kinare par isake vigyan, samajik vigyan aur soochana vigyan snkay ke ne bhavanon ka nirman kiya gaya hai.

ajakal is vidyalay men ath snkay hain- kala, shiksha aur manovigyan, elimentri aur narsari adhyapak prashikshan, soochana vigyan, qanoon aur rajaniti vigyan, vigyan, samajik vigyan aur vishesh shiksha ka barsi gutsav snkay. otvosh lorend vishvavidyalay antarrashtriy manyata prapt hai aur isake karyakram hngeriyan ekredieshan bord se manyata prapt hain. otvosh lorend vishvavidyalay dvara die jane vale diploma vishv bhar men svikar kie jate hain. isake pathyakramon ke kredit yooropiyan sngh men sthanantarit kie ja sakate hain. gat 100 salon men otvosh lorend vishvavidyalay ne vishv ko anek vaigyanik die hain. isake panch bhootapoorv prachary nobel puraskar se puraskrit vidvanh hain. chhatron ki snkhya badhakar 32000 tak pahunch gee hai jisamen se akadamik varg men 1800 uchch shiksha prapt vidvanh v shodh chhatr shamil hain.

kala snatak, kala nishnat, darshan nishnat

bie, eme aur piechadi star ke angrezi bhasha pathyakram

purakalin, prachin adhyayan- piechadi

Archaeology - piechadi
snpreshan, snchar- piechadi
tulanatmak sahity- piechadi
angrezi bhasha aur sahity- bie, eme, piechadi
Ethnology - piechadi
itihas- piechadi kala ka itihas- piechadi
paurvaty adhyayan- piechadi
darshan- piechadi
svachchhndatavad- piechadi
angrezi ka dvitiy bhasha

ke roop men adhyapan- bie, eme, piechadi

bie, eme aur piechadi star ke any bhasha pathyakram

phrench bhasha aur sahity (phrench) - bie, eme, piechadi

jrarmanabhasha aur sahity (jarman- bie, eme, piechadi
hngaribhasha aur sahity (hngari)- bie, eme, piechadi
roosibhasha aur sahity (roosi)- bie, eme, piechadi

slavik bhashaen- piechadi

shikshetar karyakram v pathyakram

ailte vishvavidyalay pustakalay, budapaisht
Elte University Library, Budapest

vishvavidyalay poorv pathyakram
jo chhatr bie star ke pathyakramon men dakhila lene ki sharton ko poora nahin karate, unake lie arhata poori karane ke lie kuchh vishesh prarnbhik karyakram hain. in prarnbhik karyakramon men pravesh lene ki yogyata bie star ke pathyakramon ke saman hai. in prarnbhik karyakramon men bie pathyakram ke lie upayogi vishayon ka adhyapan kiya jata hai tatha saphal hone par ek pramanapatr pradan kiya jata hai jo bie pathyakram men pravesh ka dvar bhi hota hai.

vishvavidyalay ka videshi bhasha prashikshan snsthan vishvavidyalay men pravesh lene ke ichchhuk videshi chhatron ko angrezi aur hngeriyan bhasha aur snskriti adhyayan ke lie prarnbhik pathyakram bhi upalabdh karavata hai. jo chhatr angrezi ya hngari bhasha men hath tng hone ke karan apana adhyayan turnt karane men asamarth hote hain, ya jo vishvidyalay men adhyayan karane ke sath-sath apani bhasha dakshata bhi sudharana chahate hain, unhen in pathyakramon pravesh lene ki salah di jati hai.
adhik janakari ke lie www.itk.hu[1]par jaen.

pathyakram v sngoshthi shrinkhala

adhikansh pathyakramon men ek ya do satron ke vibhinn laghu avadhi pathyakram aur sngoshthi shrinkhala upalabdh karavaee jati hai. pathyakram poora karane par praman-patr diya jata hai. (adhik janakari ke lie snbndhit pathyakram ke snpark sootr se poochhatachh karen.

pathyakramon ki samany janakari

diploma v praman-patr
kisi bhi karyakram ko saphalatapoorvak poora kar lene par, arthath avashyak kredit lene aur apani upadhi ke shodh ko prastut karane v usaka bachav karane ke uparant (bie, eme aur piechadi upadhiyan) diploma diya jata hai. kisi pathyakram athava sngoshthi shrinkhala ko poora karane ke bad praman patr pradan kiya jata hai. yadi kisi pathyakram ke lie kredit nishchit kie ge hain to avashyak kredit prapt karane ke uparant hi praman patr pradan kiya jata hai. (kredit vivaran ke lie snbndhit karyakram dekhen.)

shulk v kharch

shikshan shulk

star shikshan shulk (yooro prati satr)
prarnbhik- 1500-2500
bie- 2000-4500
eme- 2500-5000

piechadi- 3000-5500

any shulkon, vapasi niti aur bhugatan ke tarike ke bare men snbndhit pathyakram ki vebasait dekhॆ.

kharch(yooro)

pustaken -400-800/varshik

svasthy bima- -60/masik
makan ka kiraya(suvidha rahit)- -200-500/ masik

suvidhaen -200/ masik

hngari men chhatr jivan ki shuruat

hngari ke lie pasaport aur visa
avedak aur chhatron ko kam se kam do varsh ki manyata prapt avadhi vala pasaport lekar hngari ana chahie. unake pas hngari ka visa bhi hona chahie ( yoo.sngh ke chhatron ke lie avashyak nahin hai.) vishvavidyalay se “svikriti patr” prapt ho jane par chhatr (yoo.sngh) apane desh ke hngari ke dootavas ya konsulet men visa ke lie avedan karana chahie.
avas paramit- sabhi deshon ke (yoo.sngh ke bhi) chhatron ko hngari ke avrajan tatha rashtriyata (Office of Immigration and Nationality) men avas paramit ke lie avedan karana chahie.
svasthy bima- shikshan shulk men svasthy bima rashi shamil nahin hai. pnjikaran ke lie poori kavarej vala adharabhoot svasthy bima hona avashyak hai. hngari men yah lagabhag 60 yooro prati mah ki dar se hota hai.
chhatr kard pratyek pnjikrit chhatr ko ek chhatr kard diya jata hai. isase unhen hngari men yatayat, sngrahalayo, pustakalayon, taran-talon adi men chhoot milati hai.
avas vyavastha- chhatr ko pane rahane ki vyavastha svayn karani hoti hai. chhatron ko salah di jati hai ki ve apane desh se hi kuchh din rahane ki vyavastha karake aen, taki ve apani manapasnd vyavastha kar saken. bina sajo-saman ke phlet ka kiraya 200 se 500 yooro prati mah hota hai. vishvavidyalay ke chhatravas men 160 yooro prati mah ki dar se sajo-saman vale do bistar vale kamare simit snkhya men upalabdh hain.

prayas bhitti patrika

ailte vishvavidyalay, budapaisht
Elte University, Budapest

sndesh

gat varsh dipavali ke asapas jab daau. pramod kumar sharma ne bhitti patrika prarnbh karane ka vichar mere samane rakha to mainne koee utsah nahin dikhaya tha kyonki mere vichar se is tarah ka prayas saphal hone ki koee snbhavana hi nahin thi. mainne unase kah to diya ki ap prayas karen par main man hi man yah janati thi ki chhatr shayad hi is tarah ki samagri de paen. par daau. pramod ne chhatron par aisa jadoo kiya ki meri dharana ke viparit is patrika ka pahala ank apake samane a gaya hai. mujhe abhi bhi vishvas nahin ho raha hai ki yah kary ho gaya hai. main chahati hoon ki is patrika ki kaman vibhag ke vartaman v bhootapoorv chhatr snbhal len taki jo chingari daau. pramod ne lagaee hai vah mashal banakar bhavishy men bhi budapaisht ko apane prakash se alokit karati rahe. unaka prayas vyarth n chala jae.
main is patrika ke ujjval bhavishy ki kamana karati hoon.
-mariya naijyeshi

sndesh

mujhe yah janakar prasannata ho rahi hai ki ailte vishvavidyalay ka bharatiy vidya adhyayan vibhag hindi men ek dvimasik bhitti patrika “prayas” nikalane ja raha hai jise intaranet par bhi padha ja sakega. mera vishvas hai ki yah patrika hngari ke bharat vidya v hindi premiyon ke lie ek aisa mnch aur aeena sabit hogi jisamen ve apane vicharon aur man ki bhavanaon ko sakar kar sakenge. mai sochata hoon ki apani matribhasha men bhi sahity srijan ek kathin kary hota hai, par hngari ke hindi premi jan ek videshi bhasha sikhakar usamen kavitaen, lekh adi likhane ke sath-sath usamen anuvad karane ka dushkar kary kar rahe hain. yah sachamuch hi stuty prayas hai.
main is patrika ke ujjval bhavishy ki kamana karata hoon.
-rnjit re

prayas sahayog dal

pramod kumar, sharma raaubart, valotsi petar shagi, rita shimon, orsolya sas

hindi riport

ajakal hngeriyan log bharat men dilachaspi lete hain. lekin jaise hi bharatiyon ke lie yurop men kuchh bhi batana kathin hai, yahan ke logon ko bhi bharat ke bare men batachit karani bahut mushkil hai. main itane sare mahinon ke bad bhi thode-thode samajh sakata hoon. prashn ab bhi gyan se zyada hai. bharat men mainne snskritiyon ki ladaee nahin dekhi. mainne kutubaminar dekhi jo duniya ki sabase oonchi musalaman imarat hai, aur vah snsar ke sabase bade hindoo desh ki rajadhani men upasthit hai. dilli, jaisalamer, deharadoon, jayapur, udayapur vale log gyani aur madad karane vale the. ahamadabad ke vidyarthi agra ke logon se zyada samajhadar the. in sab shishyon men desh ka prem tha, isalie ve svabhimani bhi the. idhar ke log zyada shuddh hindi bolane vale hone lage the. in logon ko achchha laga ki hamane hindi men batachit ki koshish ki. hamane anek aitihasik ya dharmik sthan dekhe tatha rishikesh kajuraho, junagadh, orachh, jahan sab log kafi shant aur eemanadar the. chhatravas men pata nahin kyon svadeshi vidyarthiyon se bat-chit karani mana tha. phir bhi sikkim aur mizoram valon se mila tha. in logon ki matribhash hindi nahin, phir bhi unako bahut achchha laga ki ham hindi bolane vale the. par sare uttar pradesh men sab log hamen dekhakar hamesha sirf angrezi padhana chahate the. unhen bharat ki snskriti ke bare men bahut kam gyan tha. agara ke adhyapakon ko doosari bhashaon- n svadeshi, n hi videshi – ke bare men koee janakari nahin thi. kahate hain ki akela chana bhad nahin phod sakata hai. par bharat men akele yatra karana kafi saral hai. samudr ke kinare par ya parvat ke jngal men hotalon se door sokar men bhi koee samasya nahin thi. kisi se dar nahin tha. sikkim men do doston ke sath pahad ke nichhe jana chaha. dost ka ganv nazadik tha. aur sabhi ko snkshiptatar ki maloom hone ke karan hamane gadi vali rasta nahin paya. qadam-qadam rakhakar bahut khet hote hue ek sainik kainp tak ayen. usamen rahane vale sipahi asami the. jinakon n hindi ati thi aur n hi nepali ayi thi. main soch raha tha ki kya hoga. kuchh bhi nahin. vahan ar-par jakar ghar pahunche. maharashtr men kuchh samasya huee, kyonki vahan rahane valon ko kam hindi ati hai. mainne socha ki hindi isalie utana upayogi nahin. lekin mere doston men se ek ladaka jo shrilnka se aya tha, usane marathi padhana shuroo kiya, aur usane dikhaya ki hindi bolane valon ko doosari bhasha sikhana kitani saral hai. nepali bhasha samanaroop thi. yadyapi kathamandau men zyada logon ko hindi bhi ayi thi, mainne zyadatar nepali men bat-chit karane ki koshish ki. mainne pata kiya ki hindoo snskriti himalay se atynt snbndhit hai. mujhe sabase dilachasp pahad ke snkritiyon ki bhent lagi. aise nepali kranti ke tark, aur usaka parinam ka pata chalana bhi bahut dilachasp hai. kabhi-kabhi nepal ki sthiti hngeri ki sthiti ke saman hone lagi hai, kyonki yahan bhi musalamanon ke akraman hetu hamari snskriti pahadon men surakshit huee thi. mainne padha, ki vahan ke janajatiy ki ichchha haiah nepali snvidhan badalana, hindoo vale ke badale samyavadi vala banakar.

intaranet men padha ki bharat ka snvidhan bahut si videshi snvidhanon se ekatrit kiya tha. mainne hindi men nahin padha- kyonki samajhane ka gyan kafi nahin- lekin maloom hai ki bharat ka dharm manu ki smriti men snvidhan ki tarah likha hua tha. dharm vidhi ke oopar tha. dharm ka log palan karate hain, vidhi ko utani achchhi tarah nahin. dharm snvidhan se prabhavashali hai, kyonki yurop valon men mana jata hai, ki hamane banaye hue chizo ko prayukt karane men kathinaee hokar ham ko n chizon ko badalana, aur n hi marammat karana chahie. bharatiy vidhi ki bhasha bahut purani lagi hai. jo shabd angrezi men 2-3 shabd men prakat kar jate hain, ya letin bhasha se lie hue hain. vo hindi men snskriti vale hogen.

ren devid (Rene David) ne likha tha ki vidhi purane samay men bhi bharat ke shasan men mahattvapoorn thi. manu ki smriti padhakar mainne bhi dekha ki divani, faujadari aur rajanitik qanoon ek sath hi hain, kyoki tab bharat men yah manav ke vyavahar se snbndhit thi. angrezon ne snhitaen prastut kin jinamen qanoon ki shakhaen alag-alag niyntrit hueen. aisa lagata hai, ki ajakal vidhi (relave ki tarah) angrezi avishkar hai. vidhi ka adesh prashasan ka hissa hai, isalie dharm aur riti se anandit nahin ho sakata hai. yoorop men aparadh itana bada hai, kyonki yahan sab log qanoon ke dvara barabar hona mane jate hain. vyaktiyan yahan bhi bilkul alag-alag hain lekin unake snhitaon men likhate hue kartavy bahut hi saman hai. ajakal yahan par bhi chhoti jagah men bahut bhid rahati hai, aur ve log bahut hi bhinn ke log hain. ajakal se snvidhanon men sab mool adhikar likhe hue hai. yoorop ke snvidhan men manadhikaron men adharit hain. vyakti alag-alag rahane lagate hain. kanvenshan men deshon ka dharm (kartavy) ke bina asnbhav hai. karmabhoomi hokar yoorop bhi ahinsa ki madad se bada desh ho sakata hai. bharat men sab janavar mitravat hote hain. jo chidiyan thi so sirf thnde mausam men uttar vale deshon se ati hain. videshon men shikar kiya jata hai, isalie vahan purushon ko dekhakar unako dar lagata hai. kanvenshan ke sab deshon ke vibhinn ritiyan hote hue bhi Convention on Conservation of Biological Diversity ( Rio De Janerio 1992) sab deshon ke lie ek hi sndhi ka path abaddhakar hai. mainne is vishay men nibndh likha ki hngeri men van evn janavaron ka bachav vidhi men kaise vyavasthit kiya tha, aur isake bare men mainne ek shodh kiya. isalie mujhe dilachasp hai ki bharat men ek hi sndhi kaise prayog kiya jata hai. yoorop men bahut varshon se janavaron ka bachav ko vidhi ke dvara ninv rakhi jati hai. bharat men isako dharm se kiya jane lagata hai. Ph.D ke lie is vishay men hindi aur nepali men bhi shodhakary karana chahega. durbhagy se uttar pradesh men hokar bahut kathinaeeyan hoti thin. isalie hindi bhasha mainne sirf thodi padhi. snsthan ke guruji kafi sntoshi the, lekin apane matribhasha videshi chhatron ko padhaee men pranali bahut kam thin. ant men bahut path nahin manaye hue. phir bhi yah padhaee bahut upayogi thi, kyonki meri Ph.D shodhakary vidhik pratiropan se snbndhit hai. mainne vishvidyalay men do bar prastuti ki, aur anek parisnvadon men is vishay ke bare men bhashan kiya, mainne bharat aur nepal men ek alag snskriti, aur yoorop ka sabase purana itihas dekha.

isalie main sab logon ka abhari hoon, bahut dhanyavad.

sadar pranam
daau. chanad antal
01.02.2009

din ka sndesh

ailte vishvavidyalay ka kala snkay budapaisht ke bichonbich sthit hai. isaka apana ek vishisht itihas hai. isake shaikshik star ke bare men bas yah kaha ja sakata hai ki hngari ke kala snkayon men isaka sthan sarvapratham hai. sanh 2006-07 se vishvavidyalay ke akadamik karyakram bologna prakriya ke anusar parivartit kie ja rahe hain. isase hamare snkay v yooropiy sngh ke deshon ke any vishvavidyalay stariy snsthanon men chhatron ka paraspar avagaman asani se snbhav hoga. hamare snatak star ke anek karyakramon men videshi bhasha men shikshan ki suvidha upalabdh hai. isake sath hi ham videshi chhatron ke lie vishesh roop se nirmit pathyakram bhi upalabdh karavate hain. ye pathyakram antarrashtriy chhatr samuday ki mangon ko poora karate hain. ye chhatron ko hamare apane kshetr ke itihas, snskriti aur vartaman arthik v rajanitik muddon se bhi parichit karavate hain. chhatr vividh antarvishay parak em. e. pathyakramon aur anek videshi bhashaon ke pi-ech.di. star ke pathyakramon men se apani ruchi ke anusar adhyayan karyakram ka chayan kar sakate hain. snkay videshi chhatron ko bhasha snbndhi pathyakramon men adhyayan ki suvidha bhi pradan karata hai. inamen anuvad aur videshi bhasha ke roop men hngeriyan men adhyayanon ko lagoo karana shamil hai. akadamik kary men deshiy v antarrashtriy star par karyarat antarrashtriy snbndhon, anusndhan netavarkon, anusndhan pariyojana sahayogon, anusndhan samoohon v vishisht pustakon vale vishesh pustakalayon ka sahayaaug bhi liya jata hai.

ham chhatron ka aise kainpas men svagat karate hain jisane pichhale kuchh varshon ke antarik punarsnyojan ke karan naya roopakar le liya hai. yah takaniki roop se adhunik shiksha ki avashyakataon par bhi khara utarata hai.
daau. tamash detso,
din,
kala snkay,

snpark


joseph biro
videshi chhatr prabndhak,
otvosh lorend vishvavidyalay,
1088 budapesht,
myajiyam kort, 4/e,
hngari,
doorabhash : +36 1-411 6700 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting              +36 1-411 6700      end_of_the_skype_highlighting begin_of_the_skype_highlighting              +36 1-411 6700      end_of_the_skype_highlighting / 5485 eks.,
phaiks: +36 1-485 5229,
eemel: [email protected]

vithika


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

adhikarik vebasait

ailte vishvavidyalay

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. www.itk.hu

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