इंदिरा गांधी राष्ट्रीय मुक्त विश्वविद्यालय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

indira gandhi rashtriy mukt vishvavidyalay

indi‍ra gandhi rashh‍triy mukh‍t vi‍shh‍vavi‍dyalay (igh‍noo) duniya ka sabase bada vishvavidyalay hai. indira gandhi rashtriy mukt vishvavidyalay (ignoo) ki sthapana 1985 men ek snsadiy qanoon ke antargat sthapit hua. shiksha ke madhyam se ek samaveshi gyan samaj ka nirman karane ka satat prayas karata raha hai. isane mukt evn door shiksha (o.di.el.) ke jarie uchch gunavatta vali shiksha upalabdh karakar sakal pravesh anupat (ji.ee.ar.) badhane ka prayas kiya hai.

1985 men apani sh‍thapana ke samay se hi indi‍ra gandhi rashh‍triy mukh‍t vi‍shh‍vavi‍dyalay (igh‍noo) ne mukh‍t evn doorash‍th shi‍kshan ke madhh‍yam se desh men uchh‍ch shi‍ksha ke vi‍kas men mahath‍vapoorn yogadan ki‍ya hai. igh‍noo ko ‘jan vi‍shh‍vavi‍dyalay’ ke roop men jana jata hai aur usane pravesh yogh‍yata, karyakram ke poora hone ke samay ke sndarbh men aur adhh‍yayan sh‍than ke vi‍shay men udar aur lachili niti‍ apanaee hai aur is tarah ke adhh‍yayan‑adhh‍yapan kary men saphal raha hai.[1]

pathyakram

vishvavidyalay ka shubharnbh varsh 1987 men do shaikshik karyakramon - prabndhan men diploma aur door shiksha men diploma se hua aur kul 4,528 vidyarthiyon se hua. is samay vi‍shh‍vavi‍dyalay men 338 adhh‍yayan‑karyakram hai jo 3,500 pathyakram ke madhh‍yam se upalabh‍dh hain. vi‍dyarthi‍yon ki kul snkhh‍ya 30 lakh se adhi‍k hai. adhh‍yayan‑karyakram vi‍shh‍vavi‍dyalay men in sh‍taron par vi‍bhi‍nh‍n karyakram upalabh‍dh hain:‑ daaukh‍taret, snatakottar, aur sh‍natak di‍gri karyakram, sh‍natakoth‍tar aur poorvash‍natak di‍ph‍loma, sarti‍phi‍ket pathyakram, shi‍ksha parnpari‍k roop ke sath‑sath upabhokh‍ta snrakshan, apada prabndhan, paryavaran, manavadhi‍kar, paryatan, mahi‍la adhi‍kari‍ta evn bal vi‍kas, sahabhagi van prabndhan, sahabhagi yojana, punarvas evn bahali, adhh‍yapan shi‍ksha, khady evn poshan, chi‍ki‍th‍sakiy evn sh‍vash‍thh‍y shi‍ksha, echaeevi/eds, prayogashala takanik aur aaunalain shi‍kshan jaise ubharate hue antar‑vi‍shayak kshetron men bhi pradan ki jati hai.[1]

vishal sngathan

vartaman men yah apane 21 adhyayan vidyapithon, 67 kshetriy kendron, lagabhag 3,000 vidyarthi sahayog kendron aur 67 videshi kendron ki madad se bharat evn 36 any deshon men 40 lakh se adhik vidyarthiyon ki shaikshik akankshaon ki poorti kar raha hai. ignoo apane mukhyalay evn kshetriy kendron men 420 snkay sadasyon aur uchch shiksha ke parnparik snsthanon, peshevar sngathanon evn udyog kshetr ke qarib 36,000 shaikshik paramarshadataon ki sahayata se lagabhag 490 sartiphiket, diploma, digri evn daauktoral karyakram snchalit karata hai.

bada vishvavidyalay

'ignoo' men vidyarthiyon ki snkhya badhakar 30 lakh ho gee hai. yoonesko ne apani vebasait par likha hai ki, 'ignoo duniya ka sabase bada vishvavidyalay hai. bharat aur any 33 deshon ke lagabhag 30 lakh vidyarthi ‘ignoo’ men adhyayan karate hain. yah vishvavidyalay bharat men mukt aur dooravarti adhyayan ka rashtriy snsadhan kendr bhi hai tatha dooravarti shiksha men duniya ka nayak hai.' ignoo men 35 deshon ke 28 hazar chhatr pnjikrit hain.

yoonesko ki mahanideshak 'irina bokova' ne kaha hai ki, 'lagabhag 30 lakh vidyarthiyon ka namankan aur desh bhar men phaila isaka tntr soochana evn snchar praudyogiki (aee.si.ti.) ka sarvottam istemal sunishchit kara raha hai.' ignoo ‘antarrashtriy shanti sammelan’ ayojit kar raha hai.[2]

uddeshy

vishvavidyalay ke uddeshy hain-

  • uchchastariy evn vidyarthi-kendrit mukt aur door shiksha pranali ke lie rashtriy snsadhan kendr ke vikas ko tatpar rol maaudal ke taur par sashakt banana.
  • desh men door shiksha ke manakon ko sudharane ke lie peshevar kshamataon evn snsadhanon ka adan-pradan karana.
  • desh men utkrishtata ke kendron ko badhava dene ke lie mukt evn door shiksha ke snsthan ka sarvadhik akalan karana evn unhen manyata pradan karana.
  • prabhavakari karyakram nishpadan ke lie ubharati takanikiyon evn vidhiyon ka istemal kar vaishvik pahunch vale netavark vikasit karana.
  • shiksha upalabdhata evn saman bhagidari ki chunautiyon se nipatane ke lie ek saral evn lochadar shiksha pranali sunishchit karana evn ek gyanonmukh samaj ke vikas ki disha men kary karana.
  • vaishvik gathajod evn bhagidari vikasit karane ke lie rashtriy simaon ke ar-par nirbadh shiksha upalabdh karane ke lie sabhi pranaliyon evn kary ki samabhiroopata tay karana.
  • shiksha ke dayare se ab tak bahy rahe logon tak shiksha pahunchana aur jivanopayogi kushalata sudhar ke jarie sthaniy vikas ke lie samudayik bhagidari ko badhava dena.
  • niyamit peshagat vikas evn sevarat peshevaron ke kaushal nikhar ke lie vishesh avashyakata-adharit shiksha evn prashikshan avasar upalabdh karana.
  • simant ilakon men gyan, jisamen mukt evn door shiksha bhi shamil hai, ke srijan evn vikas ke lie vidhiyon evn rananitiyon ke vikas ki disha men satat prayas karana.

upalabdhi

vishvavidyalay ne uchch shiksha, samudayik shiksha aur peshevar vikas ke kshetron men upalabdhi prapt ki hai. vishvavidyalay kee jane-mane lok snsthanon aur niji udyamon ke sath unake dvara upalabdh shaikshik avasaron ko badhane ke lie kam karata raha hai. door shiksha men vishv neta ki haisiyat se ise kaaumanavelth aauph larning (si.o.el.), kanada, dvara kee bar utkrishtata ka puraskar diya ja chuka hai. janavari, 2010 men ise bharatiy vishvavidyalayon ki vebometrik rainking men 12van sthan diya gaya. yah intaranet par usaki upasthiti kshamata par adharit tha.

shikshan, shodh, prashikshan

ignoo shikshan, shodh, prashikshan aur vistar gatividhiyon men gunavatta ke prati samarpit hai aur yah o.di.el. pranali men visheshgyta evn dhanchagat suvidha ka 'rashtriy snsadhan kendr' hai. isane vishesh vidyarthi samoohon par phokas karane aur door shiksha pranali ko savnrdhit karane ke lie 'sentar phaaur eksatenshan ejukeshan', 'neshanal sentar phaaur disebiliti stadiz' evn 'neshanal sentar phaaur inoveshan in distens ejukeshan' ki sthapana ki hai. ignoo ki door shiksha parishad desh men o.di.el. pranali ke niyaman evn prabndhan men bhoomika nibhati hai.

shiksha aur praudyogiki

20 sitnbar, 2004 ko edusait[3] ke prakshepan aur intar-yoonivarsiti knsortiyam ki sthapana ke sath hi vishvavidyalay desh men praudyogiki samarth shiksha ke ne yug men pravesh kar gaya. aj 134 sakriy do tarapha vidiyo kanphrensing kendr hain, sabhi kshetriy kendron evn uchch dakhila vale adhyayan kendron ko netavark snpark diya gaya hai jisase antahkriyatmak dijital antarvastu ka adan-pradan snbhav ho gaya hai.

maltimidiya

antahkriyatmak maltimidiya aur aaunalain larning vikasit karane par zor diya ja raha hai. sath hi parnparik door shiksha dilivari mod ko bhi praudyogiki samarth shiksha ki sahayata se moolyavardhit kiya ja raha hai. is prayas ke antargat parisar, kuchh kshetriy kendron aur is uddeshy se ignoo dvara samajhauta kie ge snsthanon men kee poornakalik karyakram bhi snchalit kie ja rahe hain.

antarrashtriy pahachan

vishvavidyalay ne vyapak antarrashtriy pahachan bhi sthapit ki hai. yah antarrashtriy sammelanon evn goshthiyon men apane snkay sadasyon ki bhagidari ko badhava deta hai aur usaka vittiy bhar vahan karata hai. sath hi, kee antarrashtriy sammelanon ka ayojan bhi karata hai.

igh‍noo ne kee deshon khasataur se eshi‍ya aur aphrika, aaush‍treli‍ya, ingh‍laind, phrans, snyukh‍t arab amirat, katar, kuvait, oman, baharin, aboo dhabi, seshelh‍s, maaurishas, maladiv, ithi‍yopi‍ya, maidagash‍kar, papua nh‍yoo gi‍ni aur laeeberi‍ya ke sath dvipakshiy aur bahupakshiy samajhaute ki‍e hain. igh‍noo, yoonesh‍ko, rashh‍tramndal sachi‍valay, rashh‍tramndal shi‍kshan (si.o.el.), vi‍shh‍v sh‍vash‍thh‍y sngathan (dabh‍loo.ech.o.) aur vi‍shh‍vavh‍yapi ni‍dhi‍ (dabh‍loo.dabh‍loo.eph.) jaise antarrashh‍triy sngathanon ke madhh‍yam se sarakari ejensi‍yon tatha anh‍y mukh‍t vi‍shh‍vavi‍dyalayon ke sath sajhedari aur sahayog karane ka vi‍char rakhata hai. antarashh‍triy samajh ko proth‍sahan dene ke li‍e vi‍shh‍vavi‍dyalay ki ek yojana chal rahi hai jo adhh‍yapan kary snbndhi karmi‍yon ke li‍e antar‑vi‍shh‍vavi‍dyaliy adan‑pradan ke tahat eshi‍ya ke mukh‍t vi‍shh‍vavi‍dyalayon ke akadamishi‍yanon aur anh‍y sh‍taph ke sndarbh men hai. adhh‍yapakon aur anh‍y karmi‍yon ki anusndhan evn akadami‍k gati‍vi‍dhi‍yon men teji lane ke li‍e vi‍shh‍vavi‍dyalay rashh‍triy aur antarrashh‍triy samh‍melanon ka ayojan evn samarthan karata hai aur unamen hi‍sh‍sa leta hai.[1] vyakhyan dene evn snkay se snpark ke lie videshi vidvanon ka niyamit daura bhi hota hai. vishvavidyalay ne sajhedari vyavastha ke dvara duniya bhar men apane shaikshik karyakramon ki upalabdhata sunishchit karane ke atirikt kee videshi snsthanon ko apani shikshan samagriyon ke angikaran/svikaran/istemal ki bhi anumati de rakhi hai.

upekshit vargon ko shiksha

varshon se ignoo samaj ke upekshit vargon ko shiksha pradan karane ki desh ki akankshaon ko jinda rakha hai. desh men sabhi jel kaidiyon ko niahshulk shiksha pradan ki ja rahi hai. ignoo ke vibhinn karyakramon men bade paimane par anusoochit jatiyon/anusoochit janajatiyon ke chhatron ko dakhila diya gaya hai.

briten ke 'yoonivarsiti aauph lnkashayar' (yooklain) ke sahayog se anuprayukt snket bhasha men kala snatak karyakram namak ek abhinav karyakram shuroo kiya gaya hai. yah duniya men apani tarah ka pahala karyakram hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 igh‍noo : ek jan vi‍shh‍vavi‍dyalay (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) vishakha martand. abhigaman tithi: 15 march, 2012.
  2. ‘ignoo’ duniya ka sabase bada vishvavidyalay hai (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 15 march, 2012.
  3. sirph shiksha ko samarpit upagrah

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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