अलीगढ़ मुस्लिम विश्वविद्यालय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay ka pratik chihn

aligadh muslim englo oriental kaaulej
aligadh muslim englo oriental kaaulej bharat ke uttar pradesh rajy ke aligadh shahar men sthit hai. aligadh muslim englo oriental kaaulej ko aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay, e. em. yoo. kaaulej bhi kaha jata hai. aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay bharat ke pramukh kendriy vishvavidyalayon men se ek hai. yah vishvavidyalay dilli ke dakshin se lagabhag 200 kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai. zakir husain, mejar dhyan chand, mushtak ali, lala amaranath, nasiruddin shah, sahib sinh varma aur mohammad hamid ansari adi jaisi prasiddh hastiyon ne isi vishvavidyalay se shiksha prapt ki hai. aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay se pramukh netaon, urdoo lekhakon aur upamahadvip ke vidvanon ne snatak ki upadhi prapt ki hai.

pathyakram

aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay men shiksha ke parnparik aur adhunik shakha men 280 se adhik pathyakram padhae jate hain.

vishvavidyalay ki sthapana

  • aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay ki sthapana bharat ke svadhinata sngram ke dauran rashtriy bhavanaon ko mazaboot adhar evn svadeshi shiksha ko badhava dene ke lie sar saiyad ahamad khan dvara ki gayi thi. sar saiyyad ahamad khan ne sanh 1877 men jab e. em. yoo. kaaulej ki sthapana ki thi. tab e. em. yoo. kaaulej ki bhoomi 78 ekad thi jo ab ek hazar ekad se adhik hai.[1]
  • 1856 ee. se aligadh nagar bharatiy musalamanon ka sanskritik kendr ban gaya hai. jab sar saiyar ahamad khan ke prayas se yahan 'englo-oriental kaaulej' ki sthapana ki gayi. shighr hi yah kaaulej bharatiy musalamanon ko angrezi shiksha dene vala pramukh kendr ban gaya. 1920 ee. men 'aligadh kaaulej' ko vishvavidyalay bana diya gaya. aligadh andolan, jisaka uddeshy unnati karana, bharatiy musalamanon ko pashchimi shiksha dena, samajik kuritiyan door karana aur unhen 1885 ee. se arambh hone vali bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke prabhav se door rakhana tha, usaka kendr bindu aligadh hi tha.

itihas

saiyad ji ka shiksha-snstha kholane ka vichar hua to saiyad ji ne apani sari jama-poonji yahan tak ki makan bhi giravi rakh kar yooropiy shiksha-paddhati ka gyan prapt karane ke uddeshy se inglaind ki yatra ki. lautakar ae to kuchh varshon ke bhitar hi mee 1875 men aligadh men 'madarasatululoom' ek muslim skool sthapit kiya gaya aur 1876 men sevanivritti ke bad saiyad ne ise kaaulej men badalane ki buniyad rakhi. saiyad ki pariyojanaon ke prati roodhivadi virodh ke bavazood kaaulej ne tezi se pragati ki aur 1920 men ise vishvavidyalay ke roop men pratishthit kiya gaya.[2]

Blockquote-open.gif ham bij bo rahe hain vah ek ghane vriksh ke roop men phailega aur usaki shakhen desh ke vibhinn kshetron men phail jayengi. yah kaaulej vishvavidyalay ka svaroop dharan karega aur isake chhatr sahishnuta, apasi prem v sadbhav aur gyan ke sandesh ko jan-jan tak pahunchayenge. - sar saiyad ahamad khan Blockquote-close.gif

sar saiyad ahamad khan ka uddeshy

bharatiy upamahadvip men musalamanon ke purnajagaran ke pratik sar saiyad ahamad khan ka uddeshy matr aligadh men ek vishvavidyalay ki sthapana karana hi nahin tha balki unaki hardik kamana thi ki aligadh men unake dvara sthapit kaaulej ka praroop ek aise kendr ka ho jisake adhin desh bhar ki muslim shiksha snsthayen usake nirdeshan men age badhen taki desh bhar ke musalaman adhunik shiksha grahan kar rashtr nirman men apani sakriy bhoomika nibha saken. aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay ke adhin sthapit hone vale naye kendron ke gathan se sar saiyad ahamad khan ka sapana sakar hone ja raha hai. e. em. yoo. kaaulej ke adharashila samaroh men 8 janavari, 1877 ko laaurd litan ke sammukh sar saiyad ne kaha tha ki aj jo "ham bij bo rahe hain vah ek ghane vriksh ke roop men phailega aur usaki shakhen desh ke vibhinn kshetron men phail jayengi. yah kaaulej vishvavidyalay ka svaroop dharan karega aur isake chhatr sahishnuta, apasi prem v sadbhav aur gyan ke sandesh ko jan-jan tak pahunchayenge." aj is snstha ke chhatr 92 deshon men phaile hue hain aur desh ka yah matr pahala aisa snsthan hai jisake chhatr poori duniya men apane snsthapak sar saiyad ka janm divas manate hain. sar saiyad bharatiy musalamanon ke aise pahale samaj sudharak the jinhonne agyanata ki kali chadar ki dhajjiyan udakar musalamanon men adhunik shiksha aur vaigyanik chetana jagrit ki.[1]

kaaulej men anek bhashaon men shiksha

sar saiyad ke 'e. em. yoo. kaaulej' ke dvar sabhi dharmavalambiyon ke lie khule hue the. pahale din se hi arabi farasi bhashaon ke sath-sath snskrit bhasha ki shiksha ki bhi vyavastha ki gee. skool ke star tak hindi ke adhyayan-adhyapan ko bhi apekshit samajha gaya aur isake lie pn. kedaranath adhyapak niyukt hue. sakool tatha kaaulej donon hi staron par hindoo adhyapakon ki niyukti men koee snkoch nahin kiya gaya. kaaulej ke ganit ke prophesar jadav chandr chakravarti ko akhil bharatiy star par khyati prapt huee. ek lnbe samay tak chakravarti ganit ke adhyayan ke bina ganit ka gyan adhoora samajha jata tha.[2]

maulana azad kendriy pustakalay

  • maulana azad kendriy pustakalay men aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay ka pustakalay hai.
  • maulana azad kendriy pustakalay men 80 se adhik mahavidyalay aur vibhagiy pustakalay hain.
  • maulana azad kendriy pustakalay eshiya ka doosara sabase bada pustakalay bhi hai.
  • maulana azad kendriy pustakalay 1875 men sthapit kiya gaya tha jab vishvavidyalay madarasatul ooloom namak ek madarase ke roop men sthapit hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 abarar, daau. rahat. amuvi ka vistar:sar saiyyad ka sapana (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) samay-srijan. abhigaman tithi: 19 aktoobar, 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 sar saiyad ahamad khan (janm-divas par vishesh) (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) yug-vimarsh. abhigaman tithi: 19 aktoobar, 2010.

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