अलीगढ़  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sar saiyad ahamad khan masjid, aligadh
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan Masjid, Aligarh
  • aligadh prachin nam koil ya kol bhi kahalata hai. aligadh shahar, uttari bharat ke uttar-madhy uttar pradesh rajy men hai. yah dilli ke dakshin-poorv men sthit hai. isake pas hi aligadh nam ka ek qila hai.
  • kol nam ki tahasil ab bhi aligadh zile men hai.
  • aligadh nam 'najaf khan' ka diya hua hai.
  • 1717 ee. men 'sabit khan' ne isaka nam 'sabitagadh' aur 1757 men jaton ne 'ramagadh' rakha tha.
  • uttar mugal kal men yahan sindhiya ka kabza tha.
  • usake fransisi senapati peran ka qila aj bhi khandaharon ke roop men nagar se tin mil door hai.
  • ise 1802 ee. men laaurd lek ne jita tha.
  • yah qila pahale ramagadh kahalata tha

itihas

uttar pradesh ka ek shahar jisaka adhunik bharatiy itihas men mahattvapoorn yog hai. aligadh men ek mazaboot qila tha. jise doosare angl-maratha yuddh men angrezon nen 1803 ee. men marathon se chhin liya aur isase dilli ko jitane men unhen badi madad mili. sanh 1857 ke sipahi-vidroh ka yah mukhy kendr raha. nagar men musalamanon ki abadi adhik hai.

sar saiyad ahamad khan ki qabr, aligadh
Tomb Of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Aligarh

muslim lig ki sthapana

aligadh kaaulej ke snsthapakon aur vahan se nikale chhatron ke rashtriyata-virodhi ravaiye se aligadh pratikriyavadiyon ka gadh samajha jane laga. 1906 ee. men aligadh ke kuchh snatakon ne musalamanon ki akankshaon ko vyakt karane ke lie muslim lig ki sthapana ki. kuchh varshon tak muslim lig ne bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke sath milakar bharat ke lie, shasan-sudhar ki mang ki, lekin ant men, vah ghor sampradayik snstha ban gayi aur pakistan ki mang ki. 1946 men usi mang ke adhar par bharat ka vibhajan ho gaya.

krishi

aligadh ek krishi vyapar kendr hai, jahan krishi utpadon ka prasnskaran aur vinirman mahattvapoorn hain. isake asapas ke kshetron men gehoon, jau aur any fasalen ugaee jati hain.

vyapar aur udyog

aligadh men tale, kainchiyan chhuriyan, saraute adi banane ke karakhane hain. yahan par ek bada deyari farm bhi hai, jahan par makkhan aur panir banaya jata hai. ghode palane ke lie bhi yah nagar prasiddh hai.

shiksha

yahan par aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay (1875) aur usase snbaddh kaaulej tatha any digri kaaulej bhi hain.

vishvavidyalay ki sthapana

aligadh nagar visheshakar aligadh yoonivarsiti ke lie prasiddh hai. 1856 ee. se yah nagar bharatiy musalamanon ka sanskritik kendr ban gaya hai. jab sar saiyar ahamad khan ke prayas se yahan 'englo-oriental kaaulej' ki sthapana ki gayi. shighr hi yah kaaulej bharatiy musalamanon ko angrezi shiksha dene vala pramukh kendr ban gaya. 1920 ee. men 'aligadh kaaulej' ko vishvavidyalay bana diya gaya. aligadh andolan, jisaka uddeshy unnati karana, bharatiy musalamanon ko pashchimi shiksha dena, samajik kuritiyan door karana aur unhen 1885 ee. se arambh hone vali bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke prabhav se door rakhana tha, usaka kendr bindu aligadh hi tha.

paryatan

  • shahar ke bichonbich sthit prachin qila, doragadh (1524) ab ek khndahar matr rah gaya hai.
  • isaka ek bada hissa 18vin shatabdi ki ek masjid dvara adhigrahit kar liya gaya.
  • aligadh men anek musalaman auliya ke mazar hain.

janasnkhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusar yahan ki janasnkhya nagaranigam kshetr 6,67,732 hai aur aligadh zile ki kul janasnkhya 29,90,388 hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
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shodh

snbndhit lekh

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