हरदोई  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

haradoee haradoee paryatan haradoee zila
haradoee men men sthapit narasinh bhagavan ki moorti

haradoee uttar pradesh rajy ka ek pramukh nagar hai. sndi pakshi abhayarany, balamoo, madhognj, pihani, sndila aur behata gokul adi yahan ke darshaniy sthalon men se hai. yah zila shahajahanpur aur lakhimapur-khiri zile ke uttar, lakhanoo aur unnav zile ke dakshin, kanapur aur farrukhabad zile ke pashchim aur sitapur zila ke poorv se ghira hua hai.

itihas

aitihasik drishti se yah sthan kafi mahattvapoorn mana jata hai. isamen mugal aur afagan shasakon ke bich kee yuddh hue hai. bilagram aur sandi shahar ke madhy hue yuddh men humayoon ko sherashah soori ne haraya tha.

gajetiyar 1904 men haradoee ka uddharan

1904 ke gajetiyar men pratham svatntrata andolan 1857 ke dauran dhatit ghatanakram ke roop men likha hai ki haradoee ke katiyari shretr ka talukedar haradev baksh phatehagadh ke svatntrata sngram senaniyon ke lagatar bhay ke bavajood poore sngharsh men vaphadar bana raha. mukhy senanayak ke nirdesh par british sena ki tin tukadiyan us samay uttar pashchim avadh men vidrohiyon ke viruddh karyarat thi. inamen se ek ko brigediyar hal ke adhin phatehagadh se janapad mallavan men hote huye sitapur ki or badhane ka adesh tha. doosari ko brigedir barakar ke netritv men lakhanu se chalakar hal se ja milane ka adesh tha . barakar 7 aktoobar ko sandila pahuncha agale din ugr akraman kiya . ek nirashapoorn yudv ke pashchath svatntrata sngram senaniyon ko poorn roop se parajit hona pada . barakar ne sandila ke asapas ke kshetr par niyntran karane ke liye ise kendr bana liya. aktoobar ki 21 tarikh ko usane toonphani halla bolakar virava ke kile ko apane adhikar men le liya. hal ki sena 28 tarikh ko rooiya men barakar se jakar mili . narapat sinh ko apana kila chhodakar bhagana pada. narapat ka kila any durgo ki bhanti tod dala gaya . 1858 navambar ke pratham saptah men janapad mallavan lagabhag poornaroop se sakriy angrej virodhi tatvon se saph kar diya gaya . dinana 28 aktoobar 1858 ke uparant janapad mallavan ka astitv samapt ho gaya tha aur shasak kila chhodakar bhag gaye the. is tithi ke uparant mukhyalay haradoee banaya gaya aur prashasan purnasngathit kiya gaya atah 28 aktoobar is naye janapad ka sthapana divas mana gaya. angreji senaon ke jane ke bad janapad ka samany prashasan purnasngathit kiya gaya mallavan ke sthan par mukhyalay haradoee banaya gaya kyonki yah mallavan ki tulana men kendr men sthit tha.

pauranik katha

sthaniy logon ka manana hai ki pahale is jagah ko haridrohi ke nam se jana jata tha. hindi men jisaka arth eeshvar ka virodhi hota hai. pauranik katha ke anusar, poorv samay men yahan par raja hiranyakashipu ka shasan tha. raja ki bhagavan ke prati bilkul bhi astha nahin thi aur vah svayn ko bhagavan manata tha. vah chahata tha ki sab log usaki pooja karen, magar svayn raja ka putr prahlad ne usaka virodh kiya. jis karan hiranyakashipu ne apane putr ko kee bar marane ki koshish ki. lekin vah saphal nahin ho paya. bad men prahlad ko bachane ke lie svayn bhagavan ne narasinh ka avatar liya aur hiranyakashipu ka vadh kiya.

any katha

ek any katha ke anusar, haradoee ki utpatti haridravy se huee hai. jisaka arth do bhagavan hota hai. yah do bhagavan, vaman bhagavan aur narasimha bhagavan hai jinhen haridravy kaha jata hai. jisake pashchath is jagah ka nam haradoee pada. haradoee, 'haridveee' ya 'haridrohi' yoon to haradoee ko haridveee bhi kaha jata hai kyonki bhagavan ne yahan do bar avatar liya ek bar hiranyakashyap vadh karane ke liye narasinh bhagavan roop men tatha doosari bar bhagavan bavan roop rakhakar parantu sabase adhik vismayakari tathy yah hai ki vijayadashami parv par sampoorn haradoee nagar men kahin bhi ravan dahan ka koee karyakram nahin hota. jab isaka karan janane ki koshish ki to yah gyat hua ki yahan yah parnpara hi nahin hai.

prahlad nagari

haradoee lakhanoo mndal kar ek zila hai jo aitihasik mahatv ka janapad hai jo bhakt prahlad ki nagari ke roop men bhi prasiddh hai. kinvadnti hai ki bhagavan ne narasinh avatar lekar isi jagah bhakt prahalad ki raksha ki thi. qadir bakhsh pihani, zila haradoee ke rahane vale inhonne krishn ki prashnsa men kavy-rachana ki jo ati sundar evn madhur hai.

hindoo muslim melajol

desh ke am hisson ki tarah yahan hindoo muslim men kafi had tak abhi bhi apasi melajol kayam hai san 1947 se pahale jab mumbee (bambee ) men gandhi ji aur jinna ke bich hindoo aur musalamanon ke mudde ko lekar desh ke batavare ko lekar bahas joro par thi thik usi samay yahan ke ek kashmiri pndit haradoee shahar men ek matr eedagah ke lie apani jamin muslimo ki snstha anjuman islamiya ko dan men de rahe the | 1947 ke bad jab ayodhya men mndir masjid ko lekar jabaradast garm havae chal rahi thi us samay relveygnj ke ek muslim vyapari paise aur jamin dan dekar ek mndir ki niv rakhava rahe the .........aise gajab ke itihas ko apane men samete zila haradoee

darshaniy sthal

sandi pakshi abhayarany

haradoee zila sthit sandi pakshi abhayarany ki sthapana 1990 ee. men huee thi. yah abhayarany lakhanoo se lagabhag 150 kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai. yah abhayarany lagabhag tin kilomitar ke kshetr men phaila hua hai. yahan pakshiyon ki anek prajatiyan dekhi ja sakati hai. yahan ghoomane ke lie sabase uchit samay disambar se pharavari hai.

hatyaharan tirth, haradoee

hatyaharan tirth janapad haradoee ki sandila tahasil men pavitr naimisharany parikrama kshetr men sthit hai. yah tirth lakhanoo se lagabhag 150 kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai. tirth ke snbndh men yah manyata hai ki bhagavan ram bhi ravan vadh ke uparant brahm hatya ke dosh se mukt hone ke liye is sarovar men snan karane aye the.

bilagram

janapad haradoee ke sambandh men ek aur ashcharyajanak tathy batana chahata hoon. is janapad men ‘vilagram‘ nam ka ek upakhnd hai jisake bare men yah bataya jata hai ki yah mool roop se ‘vilag ram‘ shabd ka apabhrnsh hai . ‘vilag ram’ arthat ram se vilag rahane vala. 1909 men yahan ke nivasi ek musalaman, saiyad husain bilagrami ko maharani viktoriya ke vade ko lagoo karane ke lie vhait haaul men niyukt kiya gaya, jinhonne maaurle minto sudhar men tatha kalantar men muslim lig ki sthapana men sakriy bhoomika nibhaee. vilagram tahasil kshetrantarargat mohak sandi pakshi abhyaran sthit hai.

balamoo

balamoo, haradoee zila ke prachin shaharon men se hai. mana jata hai ki is shahar ki sthapana akabar kal ke antim samay men bami mirami ne ki thi. vartaman samay men is jagah ko bami khera ne nam se jana jata hai. yah shahar zila mukhyalay ke dakshin ki or tatha sandila ke uttar-poorv se lagabhag 20 kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai. shahar ke samip hi sitapur zila hai jo naimisharany ke lie prasiddh hai. yah jagah dharmik sthal ke roop men jani jati hai.

viktoriya memoriyal

jis prakar roomi daravaza, lakhanoo shahar ka hastakshar bhavan hai thik vaise hi yah viktoriya bhavan janapad haradoee ka hastakshar shilp bhavan hai . paratntr bharat desh 1877 ee men jab maharani viktoriya samragyi ghoshit ki geen to bharatavarsh men do sthanon par itihas men sametane ke liye viktoriya memoriyal bhavanon ka nirman karaya gaya unamen se ek tatkalin kalakatta jo aj kolakata hai aur doosara haradoee men. vartaman men is bhavan men haradoee klab snchalit hai.

madhognj

rashtriy rajamarg par sthit madhognj, haradoee zile ka ek prachin shahar hai. yah shahar aitihasik drishti se bhi mahattvapoorn mana jata hai. is shahar ki sthapana svatntrata senani shri narapati sinh ne ki thi. inhonne desh ko svatntrata dilane men apana mahattvapoorn yogadan diya tha. yahan sthit ruiya gadhi qila, jo ki vartaman men nasht ho chuka hai, bharatiy svatntrata sngram ke aitihasik kshanon ka gavah raha hai. vartaman samay men yah qila puratatvik vibhag, uttar-pradesh ki dekh-rekh men hai. madhognj haradoee ke dakshin se lagabhag 34 kilomitar, kanapur se 75 kilomitar aur lakhanoo se 90 kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai.

pihani

haradoee zila sthit pihani ek aitihasik jagah hai. yah jagah haradoee, zila mukhyalay ke uttar-poorv se 27 kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai. yah jagah ka nam parshiyan shabd pinahani se liya gaya hai. jisaka arth hota rahane ki jagah. mana jata hai ki poorv samay men yah sthan saghan jngalon se ghira hua tha. sherashah ne humayoon ke sath hue yuddh men unase bachane ke lie is jagah par sharan li thi. sadarajahan, akabar shasak ke mntri ka pihani se najadiki sambandh raha hai. unaka makabara aur chitrakala yahan ke pramukh akarshan kendron men se hain. shivasinh saroj tatha hindi sahity ke pratham itihas tatha aitihasik tathyon evn any pusht pramanon ke adhar par rasakhan ki janm-bhoomi pihani zila haradoee mana jae. pihani aur bilagram aisi jagah hain, jahan hindi ke bade-bade evn uttam koti ke musalaman kavi paida hue.[1]

sndila

sndila haradoee zila ka ek khoobasoorat nagar hai. yah nagar haradoee ke dakshin se lagabhag 50 kilomitar aur lakhanoo ke uttar-pashchim se 55 kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai. is jagah ki sthapana rishi sndila ne ki thi. unhin ke nam par is jagah ka nam rakha gaya hai. kee prachin imaraten, masjid aur barakhambha adi is shahar ka pramukh akarshan hai. isake alava, hatyaharan yahan ka pramukh dharmik sthal hai.

behata gokul

haradoee zila sthit yah ek chhota sa ganv hai. yah ganv haradoee ke uttar se 16 kilomitar aur shahabad ke dakshin se 17 kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai.

shravan devi mndir

haradoee janapad mukhyalay shravan devi mndir sthan hain sati ji ka karn bhag yaha par gira isi se is sthan ka nam shravan damini devi pada . is sthan par prati varsh kvar v chait mas (navaratri) men tatha asadh-poornima men mela lagata hai.

sakaha shnkar mndir

haradoee janapad mukhyalay se lagabhag pachchis tis kilomitar door sakaha namak sthan hain jisaka purana nam sonikapur tha tatha yahan par shnkasur namak daity raha karata tha jo haradoee ke shasak hiranyakashipu ka sahayogi tha. bhakt prahalad ke ahvan par jab bhagavan ne narasinh roop dharan kar hiranyakashyap ka vadh kiya to shnkasur bhi ne bhi yah sthan chhod diya. is sthan par shivalingon ki ek piramid jaisi akriti ubhar ayi jis par bhagavan shnkar ka mndir sthapit hua . yah ek prachin mndir tha jisaka jirnodhar lagabhag sattar varsh poorv is kshetr men tainat rahe kotaval dvara karaya gaya tha. isake snbndh men yah bhi kinvadnti hai ki ajadi se kee varsh poorv lala lahaurimal namak ek vyapari ke putr ko phansi ki saja huee thi jisaki maphi ke liye lala lahaurimal ne yahan darakar lagayi thi aur manauti poori hone ke pashchath unake dvara yahan par shnkar ji ka mndir banavaya gaya . kalantar men yahan par avasiy snskrit mahavidyalay ki sthapana huee jo aj bhi sucharoo roop se gatiman hai. vartaman men is mndir ki vyavastha adi ka kam sthaniy mahnt shri udayapratap giri dvara dekha ja raha hai.

gandhi bhavan

san 1928 men saiman kamishan ke bharat ane ke bad isaka virodh karane ke liye mahatma gandhi ne samooche bharat men yatra kar janajagaran kiya . isi dauran 11 aktoobar 1929 ko gandhi ji ne haradoee ka bhi bhraman kiya. sabhi vargon ke vyaktiyon dvara mahatma gandhi ji ka svagat kiya tatha unhonne taun hal men 4000 se adhik vyaktiyon ki janasabha ko snbodhit kiya. sabha ke samapan par khaddar ke kuchh badhiya kapaden 296 rupaye men nilam kiye gaye aur yah dhanarashi gandhi ji ko bhet ki gayi. [2] svatntrata ke bad sampoorn bharat varsh men mahatma gandhi ji ke bhriman sthalon par smarakon ka nirman kiya gaya jisamen haradoee men gandhi bhavan ka nirman hua . is bhavan ka rakh rakhav mahatma gandhi janakalyan samiti [3]dvara kiya jata hai. is samiti ke sachiv ashok kumar shukla ne is parisar men ek prarthana kaksh sthapit karaya aur 2013 ke navavarsh par sarvoday ashram tadiyanva ke sahayog se sarvadharm prarthana ka niyamit arnbh karaya. yah prarthana kaksh mahatma ji ki vishram sthali rahe kausani men sthapit anasakti ashram ke samaroop hai tatha kausani men snchalit niyamit sarvadharm prarthana ke anuroop is parisar men bhi niyamit roop se sarvadharm prarthana ki jati hai

sarvoday ashram tadiyanva

haradoee janapad mukhyalay se lagabhag chalis kilomitar door tadiyanva namak sthan hain jahan par achary vinova bhave aur mahatma gandhi ke darshan se prerit is ashram ki niv prasiddh samajasevi ramesh bhaee aur urmila bahan dvara 1984 men rakhi gayi.

chitr vithika


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

Corection in Sarvodaya Ashram: is ashram ki niv prasiddh samajasevi ramesh bhaee evn unaki tim dvara 1983 mein rakhi gayi.

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. rasakhan (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) www.ignca.nic.in. abhigaman tithi: 11 mee, 2012.
  2. sndarbh:ech ar nebil snpadit haradoee gajetiyar prishth 56
  3. http://www.gandhibhawan.com/index.php

bahari kadiyan

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