कौसानी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kausani
kausani
vivaran kausani uttarakhnd rajh‍y ke almoda shahar se 53 kimi uttar men sthit hai.
rajy uttarakhnd
zila bageshvar
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 29°50, poorv- 79°36
marg sthiti kausani almoda se 53 kimi, ranikhet se 62 kimi, nainital se 117 kimi, dilli se 410 kimi ki doori par sthit hai.
prasiddhi kausani ko 'bharat ka svitjaralaind' kaha jata hai.
kab jaen aprail-joon aur sitnbar-navnbar
kaise pahunchen havaee jahaz, rel, bas adi se pahuncha ja sakata hai.
havaee adda pntanagar havaee adda nikatatam havaee adda hai.
relave steshan kathagodam relave steshan nikatatam relave steshan hai.
yatayat bas, taiksi adi
kya dekhen anasakti ashram, lakshmi ashram, chay ke bagan
kahan thaharen hotal, gest haus
kya khariden kumaoon shaaul, chay
es.ti.di. kod 05969
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr, pntanagar havaee adda
bhasha hindi, angrezi aur kumayoonni
adyatan‎

kausani (angrezi: Kausani) uttarakhnd rajh‍y ke almoda zile se 53 kilomitar uttar men sthit hai. yah bharat ka khoobasoorat parvatiy paryatak sh‍thal hai. kausani himalay ki khoobasoorati ke darshan karata pinganath choti par basa hai. yahan se barf se dhake nnda devi parvat ki choti ka nazara bada bhavh‍y dikhaee deta hai. kosi nadi aur gomati nadi ke bich base kausani ko rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ne 'bharat ka svitjaralaind' kaha tha. yahan ke khoobasoorat prakritik nazare, khel aur dharmik sh‍thal paryatakon ko khas taur par apani or akarshit karate hain.

sthiti tatha itihas

samudr ke tal se lagabhag 6075 phit ki oonchaee par basa kausani ek khoobasoorat parvatiy paryatak sthal hai. vishal himalay ke alava yahan se nndakot, trishool aur nnda devi parvat ka bhavy nazara dekhane ko milata hai. yah parvatiy shahar chid ke ghane pedon ke bich ek pahadi ki choti par sthit hai aur yahan se someshvar, garud aur baijanath katyoori ki sundar ghatiyon ka adbhut nazara dekhane ko milata hai. kafi samay pahale kasauni almoda zile ka hissa tha aur valana ke nam se jana jata tha. us samay almoda zila katyoori ke raja baichaladev ke kshetradhikar men ata tha. bad men raja ne isaka kafi bada hissa gujarat ke ek brahman shri chnd tivari ko de diya. mahatma gandhi ne yahan ki bhavyata se prabhavit hokar is jagah ko bharat ka svitjaralaind kaha tha. vartaman men kausani ek prasiddh paryatak sthal hai aur har sal yahan poore vishv se sailani ate hain.[1]

paryatan sthal

paryatakon ke lie kausani men ghoomane ke lie kee jagahen aur hain, jahan paryatak asani se ja sakate hai. ek to vah ghar jahan sumitranndan pnt ka janm hua tha, jise ab sngrahalay men badal diya gaya hai. doosara hai lakshmi ashram, jise gandhi ji ki shishya sarala devi ne banavaya tha. kausani se ap gvaladam bhi ja sakate hain. gvaladam vah jagah hai, jahan kumaoon aur gadhaval apas men milate hain. yahan bahut se seb ke bagan hain. svarg se bhi sundar kahe jane vale bedani bugyal tak jane ka rasta yahin se shuroo hota hai. aur agar ap kahin nahin jana chahate, sirph kudarat ki god men aram karana chahate hain to kausani se behatar shayad koee aur jagah nahin hai.

yatayat aur parivahan

kausani jane ke lie havaee, rel aur sadak marg ko apani suvidhanusar apanaya ja sakata hai.

kausani se ek pahadi ka drishy
vayu marg

kausani ka nazadiki havaee adda pntanagar men hai, jo kausani se 178 kilomitar hai. jaigsan aur kingaphishar red ki niyamit udanen hain.

rel marg

kausani ka nazadiki relave steshan kathagodam hai, jo kausani se 141 kilomitar ki doori par hai. uttarakhnd snpark kranti aur ranikhet eksapres se kathagodam tak pahunch sakate hain. kathagodam se sthaniy bas ya taiksi ki seva li ja sakati hai.

sadak marg

dilli se kausani ki doori lagabhag 431 kilomitar hai. dilli ke anand vihar bas adde se uttarakhnd rodavej ki basen kausani ke lie din bhar chalati rahati hain. ap isi bas adde se vaaulvo bhi le sakate hain, jise haldvani men chhodana padega.

anasakti ashram

gandhi ji ki vishram sthali anasakti ashram

yahan ke prakritik saundary ki misal is tathy se samajhi ja sakati hai ki varsh 1929 men jab poojy bapoo bharat ke daure par nikale the tab apani thakan mitane ke uddeshy se yahan ke chay bagan ke malik ke atithi grih men do divasiy vishram hetu yahan aye parantu yahan ane ke bad kausani ke us par himamndit parvatamalaon par padati soory ki svarnamayi kiranon ko dekhakar itana mugdh ho gaye ki apane do din ke pravas ko bhoolakar lagatar chaudah din tak yahan ruke rahe. apane pravas ke dauran unhonne gita par adharit apani prasiddh pustak ‘anasakti yog’ ki rachana ka prarnbhik charan poora kar dala.

lakshmi ashram

kausani aur asapas ke kshetr men chay ke bagan

kausani men ek lakshmi ashram (sarala devi ashram) bhi hai. jo kausani ke bas steshan se 1 kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai. yah ashram ek angrez aurat ne banaya tha jo landan ki mool nivasi thi. jis ka nam 'kaitharin meri helvaman' tha. vah jab 1948 men hindustan ghoomane aee to gandhi ji se prabhavit hokar hindustan men hi rah gayi. kausani ko unhonne apane karm sthali ke roop men chuna. yahan unhonne lakshmi ashram ke nam se ek bording skool chalaya jis men ladakiyon ko silaee kadhaee bunaee adi sikhaya jata hai. lakshmi ashram men shri krishn janmashtami ko bahut bhari mela lagata hai.

chay ke bagan

kausani aur asapas ke kshetr men chay ke bagan bhi aisi hariyali ka anand dete hain, mano eeshvar ne hara kalin bichha diya ho. chay baganon men ghoomane ke sath-sath phaiktriyon men chay ko taiyar hote dekh sakate hain.
kausani se drishtigochar hoti svarnim parvat shrinkhalaen

yatraen

kausani ki khoobasoorati ne to yahan ane valon ko akarshit kiya hi, rashtrapati mahatma gandhi se judi aitihasikata ne bhi badi-badi hastiyon ko yahan ane par majaboor kiya. in hastiyon men poorv pradhanamntri indira gandhi, soniya gandhi, kangres ke varishth neta daau. karn sinh aur arun shauri pramukh hain. daau. sinh aur arun shauri ko yah jagah itani pasnd aee ki ve aqsar akar yahan raha karate hain. prakhyat sahityakar nirmal varma ko bhi kausani pasnd thi. unhonne kee bar yahan ki yatraen kin.

kausani ke bare men

jageshvar mandir, kausani

kausani ka parichay pndit narendr sharma ki in paktiyon se hota hai:-

yah nee dhara, akash naya,
yah naya lok mil gaya mujhe.
thi atma jisake hit ashant,
vah shant lok mil gaya mujhe.

  • kausani ka doosara parichay bhi sahityik hi tha. dharmavir bharati ne apane ek prasiddh nibndh ‘thele par himalay’ men isake bare men kafi kuchh likha hai.
  • hindi ke mashahoor kavi sumitranandan pnt ki janm sthali bhi kausani hai, jahan par kavi ne apana bachapan vyatit kiya tha. pnt ji yahan jis ghar men paida hue the, ab us ghar ka sngrahalay bana diya gaya hai. sumitranandan pnt jis skool men padhate the, vah aj bhi usi tarah chal raha hai.
  • kausani men ek chay ka bagan bhi hai, jo yahan se lagabhag chh: kilomitar ki doori par baijanath ki taraf hai. yahan ki chay bahut hi khushaboodar aur svadisht hoti hai. badi matra men yahan ki chay videshon ko bheji jati hai, jisaki videshon men kafi mang hai. am chay ki tulana men yahan ki chay ki kimat usaki behatar gunavatta ke karan bahut zyada hai.

gandhi ji

kausani ki sundarata ko dekh kar gandhi ji kahate hai, 'in pahadon men prakritik saundary ki mehamananavazi ke age manav dvara kiya gaya koee bhi satkar phika hai. main ashchary ke sath sochata hoon ki in parvaton ke saundary aur jalavayu se badh kar kisi aur jagah ka hona to door, inaki barabari bhi snsar ka koee saundary sthal nahin kar sakata. almoda ke pahadon men qarib tin saptah ka samay bitane ke bad main bahut zyada ashcharyachakit hoon ki hamare yahan ke log behatar svasthy ki chah men yoorop kyon jate hain.'

janm sthali

sumitranndan pnt ki smritiyon ko snjota rajakiy sngrahalay

kausani ko mahanh sahityakaron ki janm bhoomi ke roop men bhi jana jata hai. kausani ka ek aur sahityik parichay yah bhi hai ki kausani prakriti ke sukumar gumani pnt, shailesh matiyani, sumitranndan pnt ki janmasthali hai. mahakavi sumitranndan pnt ko shraddhanjali svaroop samarpit is sthal par mahakavi ki moorti sthapit hai. varsh 1990 men sthapit is moorti ka ka anavaran vayovriddh sahityakar tatha itihasavetta pndit nityannd mishr dvara unake janm divas 20 mee ko kiya gaya tha.[2] is moorti ki sthapana ko ikkis varsh hue jisamen se gyarah varsh uttarakhand ko prithakh rajy banane ke bad ho chuke hai parantu khule asaman ke niche sthapit is moorti ke upar kainopi lagakar use varsha adi se bachane ka vichar ab tak kyon nahin aya yah samajh se pare hai. mahakavi ka paitrak gram yahan se kuchh hi doori par hai parantu vah aj bhi anajana tatha tiraskrit hai. sngrahalay men mahakavi dvara upayog men layi gayi dainik vastuyen yatha shaaul, dipak, pustakon ki alamari tatha mahakavi ko samarpit kuchh aik samman-patr evn pustaken tatha hastalipi surakshit hain. kausani sirph sahity ke lie hi mahattvapoorn jagah nahin hai, kausani ki ginati kumaoon ke sabase sundar paryatan sthalon men hoti hai.[3]

Blockquote-open.gif in pahadon men prakritik saundary ki mehamananavaji ke age manav dvara kiya gaya koee bhi satkar phika hai. main ashchary ke sath sochata hoon ki in parvaton ke saundary aur jalavayu se badh kar kisi aur jagah ka hona to door, inaki barabari bhi snsar ka koee saundary sthal nahin kar sakata. almoda ke pahadon men qarib tin saptah ka samay bitane ke bad main bahut zyada ashcharyachakit hoon ki hamare yahan ke log behatar svasthy ki chah men yoorop kyon jate hain. Blockquote-close.gif

ramesh kaushik (kavi)

kausani ki adbhut sundarata se prabhavit hokar kaviyon ne bhi kausani ki sundarata ko apani kavita ke roop men logon ke samane prastut kiya hai. hindi ke kavi ramesh kaushik ne kausani ki sundarata ko dekhakar ek kavita kah dali.

parvat ki peshani
chid, burans, akharot, aloocha
devadar, mitha pagar au khoobani
do-char gharon ki
chhitaput-si basti--
yah kausani
tasir hava men aisi
apane ap log ban jate isamen
kavi, vairagi, senani
baqi sab baten bemani[4]

kab jaen

kausani ab ek sthapit prasiddh sailani sthal hai aur yahan par thaharane ke lie bhi kee achchhe vikalp hain. disnbar se faravari ke madhy tak kausani men khoob barph girati hai. vaise yatri yahan poore sal bhar a sakate hain. march-aprail aur phir sitnbar-aktoobar ke mahine khule asaman vale hote hain, jinamen himalay ke shanadar nazaron ka khoobasoorati se avalokan kiya ja sakata hai. aj kausani ne vishv paryatan ke kshetr men ek khas sthan bana liya hai. yahan ane vale paryatak phir se yahan ane ka sapana liye jate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

kausani

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kausani, bharat ka svitjaralaind (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 13 sitambar, 2013.
  2. mahakavi pant ki janmabhoomi kausani se... (hindi) gady kosh. abhigaman tithi: 10 sitambar, 2012.
  3. lasani hai kausani (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) laiv hindustan. abhigaman tithi: 25 sitambar, 2011.
  4. kavita kosh (hindi) ramesh kaushik. abhigaman tithi: 25 sitambar, 2011.

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