पाताल भुवनेश्वर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

patal bhuvaneshvar
patal bhuvaneshvar samir dvar
vivaran bharat ke prachinatam granth skand puran men varnit patal bhuvaneshh‍var ki gufa ke samane pattharon se bana ek-ek shilp tamam rahasyon ko khud men samete hue hai. kinvadanti hai ki yahan par pandavon ne tapasya ki aur kaliyug men adi shnkarachary ne ise punah khoja.
rajy uttarakhand
zila pithauragadh
marg sthiti uttarakhnd ke kumaoon mndal ke prasiddh nagar almoda se sheraghat hote hue 160 kilomitar ki doori tay kar pahadi vadiyon ke bich base simant kasbe gngolihat men sthit hai.
kab jaen kabhi bhi ja sakate hain
relave steshan kathagodam relave steshan
yatayat rel, bas, kar
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
snbndhit lekh ek hathiya deval, dharachula, munsyari
any janakari skandapuran men varnan hai ki svayn mahadev shiv patal bhuvaneshvar men virajaman rahate hain aur any devi devata unaki stuti karane yahan ate hain.
bahari kadiyan Patal Bhuvaneshwar

patal bhuvaneshvar pithauragadh janapad uttarakhnd rajy ka pramukh paryatak kendr hai. yahan devadar ke ghane jngalon ke bich yahan par anek bhoomigat gufaon ka sngrah hai jisamen se ek badi gufa ke andar shnkar ji ka mndir sthapit hai. yah snpoorn parisar 2007 se bharatiy puratatv vibhag dvara apane kabje men liya gaya hai. halanki gufaon ke andar pravesh adi ka kary ab bhi sthaniy star par bani mndir kameti dvara kiya jata hai. patal bhuvaneshvar nivasi mejar samir kotaval 28 agast 1999 ko asam men ugravadiyon ke ek gut ke sath ladaee men shahid ho gaye the. divngat mejar samir kotaval ki smriti men patal bhuvaneshvar kasbe ke pravesh dvar ko 'samir dvar' ka nam diya gaya hai. paryatakon ki suvidha hetu kumaoon mandal vikas nigam ka gest haus hai.

patal bhuvaneshvar gufa

'patal bhuvaneshvar ka gufa mndir' uttarakhnd ke kumaoon mndal ke prasiddh nagar almoda se sheraghat hote hue 160 kilomitar ki doori tay kar pahadi vadiyon ke bich base simant kasbe gngolihat men sthit hai. patal bhuvaneshvar gufa kisi ashchary se kam nahin hai. isake raste men dikhaee deti hain dhaval himalay parvat ki nayanabhiram nnda devi, pnchachooli, pindari, oontadhoora adi chotiyan. dilli se chal kar pahale din 350 kimi ki doori tay kar almoda pahunch sakate hain.
patal bhuvaneshvar gufa mndir

dharmik manyata

bharat ke prachinatam granth skand puran men varnit patal bhuvaneshh‍var ki gufa ke samane pattharon se bana ek-ek shilp tamam rahasyon ko khud men samete hue hai. kinvadanti hai ki yahan par pandavon ne tapasya ki aur kaliyug men adi shnkarachary ne ise punah khoja. is gufa men pravesh ka ek snkara rasta hai jo ki qarib 100 phit niche jata hai. niche ek doosare se judi kee gufayen hai jin par pani risane ke karan vibhinn akritiyan ban gayi hai jinaki tulana vahan ke pujari anekon devi devataon se karate hain. ye gufayen pani ne laim ston (choona patthar) ko katakar banaeen hain. gufaon ke andar prakash ki uchit vyavastha hai. kumaoon anchal ki pithauragadh kshetr apana ek alag mahatv rakhata hai. zila pithauragadh ki tahasil ko gufaon vala dev kaha gaya hai. pithauragadh janapad ke gngolihat kshetr men mahakali mndir, chamunda mndir, gufa mndir ke lie prasiddh hai.

visheshataen

  • prachin kal se hi patal bhuvaneshh‍var prasiddh raha hai. charon or vrikshon se achchhadit ek gufa jo bahar se kisi ganv ke purane ghar ka 4 phut lamba, dedh phut chauda dvar yani ek badi sooee men chhota sa chhed maloom hota hai, us dvar ke samane pahunch kar ekadam ap us sthan vishesh se prabhavit nahin honge.
  • yahi hai sarayoo nadi v ramagnga nadi ke madhy gupatadi namak sthan ki aitihasik patal bhuvaneshh‍var gufa. yahan tetis karod devi-devataon ki moortiya pratishthit hain. gufa men maujood mndir bhagavan shiv ka hai. kaha jata hai ki brahma svarg ke doosare devataon ke sath yahan shiv aradhana ke lie ate hain. mndir ke andar snkare pani ki dhara se hote hue gufa men jana hota hai.
  • gngolihat kshetr men prachin shiv patal bhuvaneshvar gufa mndir dharati ke andar 8 se 10 phit gahari gufa ke andar bana hua hai. jisamen tarah-tarah ki moortiyan vidyaman hain. yah sthan sarayu ram gnga ke bich basa hua hai. jisaka mukh uttar disha hai.
    hns ki tedi gardan vali moorti
  • gufa ke andar jane ka mukhy rasta bhi kee chhoti gufaon ka rasta dikhata hai. is gufa men utarane ke lie koee paudhiyan nahin hai, apako pachchis phut sidha utarane ke lie ghupp andhera milega.
  • varshon se log ubad-khabad pattharon par pair tika ulta ya sidha utar lakadi jalakar gufa ke darshan karate the. ab kuchh varshon pahale bharatiy thal sena ke saujany se jainaretar ki roshani men janh‍jir ki madad se utar kar ap aram se gufa ko bijali ki roshani men dekh sakate hain. keval jainaretar men tel ke kharche ke lie apako pujari ko 25-30 ru. tak ki rashi deni hogi.
  • mukhy dvar se snkari phisalan bhari 80/84 sidhiyan utarane ke bad ek aisi duniya numaya hoti hai jahan yugon-yugon ka itihas ek sath prakat ho jata hai.
  • gufa men bane pattharon ke dhanche dekh ke adhyatmik vaibhav ki parakashtha ke vishay men sochane ko majaboor kar dete hain. patal bhuvaneshvar gufa ka pravesh dvar bahut snkara hai, sidhiyon dvara lagabhag sarak kar niche utarana padata hai. jisamen ek bar men ek vyakti hi badi mushkil se niche utar pata hai. lekin gufa men sidhiyan utarate hi ek bade kamare men ap apane ko 33 karod devi-devataon ki pratikatmak shilaon, pratimaon v bahate hue pani ke madhy pate hain.
  • gufa men ghusate hi shuruat men (patal ke pratham tal) narasimha bhagavan ke darshan hote hain. kuchh niche jate hi sheshanag ke phanon ki tarah ubhari snrachana pattharon par nazar ati hai. manyata hai ki dharati isi par tiki hai.
  • age badhane par ek chhota sa havan kund dikhaee deta hai. kaha jata hai ki raja parikshit ko mile shrap se mukti dilane ke lie unake putr janmejay ne isi kund men sabhi nagon ko jala dala parntu takshak nam ka ek nag bach nikala jisane badala lete hue parikshit ko maut ke ghat utar diya. havan kund ke oopar isi takshak nag ki akriti bani hai.
  • havan kund ke age gufa ki maun tandra ko bhng kar pujari ki avaz goonjati hai ki ap shesh nag ke sharir ki haddiyon par khade hain aur apake sir ke upar shesh nag ka fan hai to apako kuchh samajh nahin ayega parantu jaise hi us gufa ke chattani pattharon par gahan drishtipat karen to apake sharir men sirahan si daudegi aur ap vastav men anubhav karegen ki kudarat dvara tarashe pattharon men nag fan phailaye hai.
  • svarg se samagat airavat hathi ka sharir un chattanon men shayad n dikhe par zamin men bilkul jhuk kar bhoomi se chand eechon ki doori par chattanon men hathi ke tarashe hue pairon ko dekh kar apako manana hi padega ki eeshh‍var (vishvakarma) ke alava koee bhi moortikar in pairon ko nahin ghad sakata hai.[1]
  • sheshanag ke sharir par (haddiyon) par chal kar gufa ke madhy tak jaya ja sakata hai jahan shiv ne ganesh (ganeshaji ki moorti) ka sir kat kar rakh diya tha. unake oopar gufa ki chhat men chattan se bana kamal ka phool hai, jisase pani tapakate hue moorti par padata hai. bhagavan shnkar ki lila sthali hone ke karan unaki vishal jatane in pattharon par najar ati hain. shiv ji ki tapasya ke kamandal, khal sab najar ate hain.
  • gufaon ke andar badhate hue gufa ki chhat se gay ki ek than ki akriti najar ati hai. ye kamadhenu gay ka stan hai jisase vrishabhesh ke oopar satat dugdh dhara bahati hai. kaliyug men ab doodh ke badale isase pani tapak raha hai.[2]
  • age jakar ek mudi garadan vala garud ek kund ke oopar baitha dikhee deta hai. mana jata hai ki shivaji ne is kund ko apane nagon ke pani pine ke liye banaya tha. isaki dekharekh garud ke hath men thi. lekin jab garud ne hi is kund se pani pine ki koshish ki to shivaji ne gusse men usaki garadan mod di. (hns ki tedi gardan vali moorti. brahma ke is hns ko shiv ne ghayal kar diya tha kyonki usane vahan rakha amrit kund jutha kar diya tha.)
  • brahma, vishnu v mahesh ki moortiyan sath-sath sthapit hain. paryatak ashcharyachakit hota hai ki jab chhat ke upar ek hi chhed se kramavar pahale brahma phir vishnu phir mahesh ki in moortiyon par pani tapakata rahata hai, aur phir yahi kram dobara se shuroo ho jata hai.
  • ek sthan par yahan char prastar khand hain jo char yugon arthath satayug, tretayug, dvaparayug tatha kaliyug ko darshate hain. inamen pahale tin akaron men koee parivartan nahin hota. jabaki kaliyug ka pind lambaee men adhik hai aur usake thik oopar gufa se lataka ek pind niche ki or latak raha hai aur inake madhy ki doori pujari ke kathanusar 7 karod varshon men 1 inch badhati hai aur pujari ka kathan saty mane to donon pindon ke mil jane par kaliyug samapt ho jayega.
kedaranath, badrinath, amaranath ki tinon moortiyan
  • gufa men dahini or kedaranath, badrinath, amaranath ki tinon moortiyan (badrinath, kedaranath sahit charon dhamon ke pratik) vidyaman hain. yahan par tinon ke darshan ek hi drishti men hote hain. manyata hai ki patal bhuvaneshvar ke darshan se hi char dham ke darshan ke puny ki prapti ho jati hai. usi ke sath kal bhairav ki jibh ki akriti dikhaee deti hai unake garbh se pravesh karake unaki poonchh se nikal jayen to kaha jata hai ki moksh prapt ho jata hai. lekin vahan tak manushy abhi tak nahin pahunch paya. puran ke anusar koee manushy us sthan tak pahunch jae to usaka agala janm nahin hota.
  • gufa ki shuruat par vapas lautane par bhagavan shnkar ka manokamana kund (jhola) hai. manyata hai ki isake bich bane chhed se dhatu ki koee chiz par karane par manokamana poori hoti hai. usake sath asan hai tatha kali kamali bichhi hai aur usake niche badhambar bichha hai vahin par patal bhairavi hai jo mundamala pahane khadi hain. kuchh age oonchi divar par jatanuma saphed snrachana hai. yahin par ek jalakund hai manyata hai ki pandavon ke pravas ke dauran vishvakarma ne unake liye yah kund banavaya tha.
shnkar ji ka mndir pravesh dvar
  • yahan par khule daravajon ke andar snkara char dvar hain-
  1. ran dvar
  2. pap dvar
  3. dharm dvar
  4. moksh dvar.

ran dvar kaliyug men bnd hua, dharm dvar evn moksh dvar khule hue hain. isake sath hi brahma ji ka panchavan sir hai jise brahmakapal kaha gaya hai. jisamen uttar vala sir vah hai jis par tarpan karate hain. jisamen ek ke bad ek kundon men pani jama hota hai. puranon men likha gaya hai ki un kundon men pani ke sath amrit bahata tha. is gufa men 33 karod devataon ke bich bhagavan shiv ka narmadeshvar ling hai jis par jitana bhi pani padata hai vah use sokh leta hai. isake bad akash gnga hai jis par bahut lambi taron ki katar hai. isake sath hi sapt rishi mndal hai.

adiguru shnkarachary dvara sthapit tanbe mada shivaling
  • 19vin sadi men adiguru shnkarachary dvara sthapit tanbe mada shivaling bhi yahin sthit hai. mana yah bhi jata hai gufa ke ankhiri chhor par pandavon ne shivaji ke sath chaupad khela tha. ye sab patal bhuvaneshh‍var ki mahanata hai.

pauranik mahatv

skandapuran men varnan hai ki svayn mahadev shiv patal bhuvaneshvar men virajaman rahate hain aur any devi devata unaki stuti karane yahan ate hain. yah bhi varnan hai ki treta yug men ayodhya ke sooryavnshi raja rituparn jab ek jngali hiran ka pichha karate hue is gufa men pravisht hue to unhonne is gufa ke bhitar mahadev shiv sahit 33 karod devataon ke sakshat darshan kiye. dvapar yug men pandavon ne yahan chaupad khela aur kalayug men jagadaguru shnkarachary ka 822 ee ke asapas is gufa se sakshatkar hua to unhonne yahan tanbe ka ek shivaling sthapit kiya. isake bad chand rajaon ne is gufa ke vishay men jana. aur aj desh videsh se sailani yahan ate hain. aur gufa ke sthapaty ko dekh danto tale ungali dabane ko majaboor ho jate hain. manusmriti men kaha gaya hai ki bhagavan shnkar kailash men sirph tapasya karate the. unake samay bitane ke lie vishnuji ne unake liye yah sthan chuna. manyataen chahe kuchh bhi ho par ekabaragi gufa men bani akritiyon ko dekh lene ke bad unase judi manyataon par bharosa kiye bina nahin raha jata.

  • pandavon ke ek varsh ke pravas ke dauran ka drishy, unake dvara jue men harana, satayug se kalayug ane ka chitran v kee prachin shilp kala ke drishy dekhane ko milate hain. kumaoon ek dharmik sthal ke sath hi romanchak paryatak sthal ke roop men jana jata hai.
  • bharat ka prachin skand puran granth aur tatoliye manas khand ke 103ven adhyay ke 273 se 288 tak ke shlokon men gufa ka varnan padh kar uparokt pratikatmak moortiyan mano sakshat jagrit ho jaengi aur ap apane 33 karod devi-devataon ke darshan kar rahe honge.

shrinyavantu manayah sarve papaharn nanabhh‌ smaranath‌ sparchchanadev,
poojanath‌ kin bravimyahamh‌ sarayoo ramayormadhye patalabhuvaneshh‍varah [3]

(arthath vyas ji ne kaha main aise sthan ka varnan karata hoon jisaka poojan karane ke sambandh men to kahana hi kya, jisaka smaran aur sparchch matr karane se hi sab pap nasht ho jate hain vah sarayoo, ramagnga ke madhy patal bhuvaneshh‍var hai).

bhoomigat guphaon men nirmit akriti
  • 103ven adhyay ke shlok 21 se 27 ke anusar ye bhootal ka sabase pavan kshetr hai. patal bhuvaneshh‍var vahan jagarook hai aur unaka poojan karane se ashvamedh ygy se hazar guna phal prapt hota hai atah usase badhakar koee doosara sthan nahin hai. char dham karane ka yash yahin prapt ho jata hai. shh‍lok 30-34 ke anusar patal bhuvaneshh‍var ke samip jane vala vyakti ek sau kulon ka uddhar kar shiv sayujy prapt karata hai.
  • ashchary hi hai ki zamin ke itane andar hone ke bavajood yahan ghutan nahin hoti shanti milati hai. devadar ke ghane jngalon ke bich basi rahasy aur romanch se sarabor patal bhuvaneshvar ki gufa ki sailaniyon ke bich aj ek alag pahachan hai. kuchh shrriddha se, kuchh romanch ke anubhav ke liye, aur kuchh shitalata aur shanti ki talash men yahan ate hain. gufa ke pas hare bhare vatavaran men sundar hotal bhi paryatakon ke liye bane hain. khas bat yah hai ki gngolihat men akeli yahi nahin balki das se adhik gufaen hain jahan itihas ki kee paraten, manyataon ke kee mook dastavej khud-b-khud khul jate hain. ankhir yoon hi gngolihat ko gufaon ki nagari nahin kaha jata.

kaise pahunche

patal bhuvaneshh‍var jane ke kee raste hain. yahan jane ke lie tren se kathagodam ya tanakapur jana hoga. usake age sadak ke raste hi saphar karana hoga. ap almoda se pahale gngolihat sheraghat, ya bageshh‍var, ya danya hote ja sakate hain. tanakapur, pithauragadh se bhi gngolihat ja sakate hain. dilli se bas dvara 350 ki.mi. yatra kar ap almoda pahunch kar vishram kar sakate hai aur vahan se agale din age ki yatra jari rakh sakate hain. relave dvara yatra karani ho to kathagodam antim relave steshan hai vahan se apako bas ya praivet vahan bageshh‍var, almoda ke lie milate rahate hain.

chitr vithika


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. skand puran ke manas khand 103 adhyay ke 155 ven shlok men isaka varnan hai. shlok 157 men varnit parijat v kalpataroo vrikshon ke bare men vartaman men bhi pujari chattanon ki or ingit karake unake sthan ko dikhata hai.
  2. manas khand 103 adhyay ke shlok 275-276 men bhi ye varnan hai.
  3. skand puran manasakhnd 103/10-11

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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