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शंकराचार्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shnkarachary

shnkarachary (angrezi: Shankaracharya) ki parampara bharat men bahut purani hai. mana jata hai ki sanatan hindoo dharm ko jinda rakhane aur majabooti dene ka kam isi se hua. shnkarachary hindoo dharm men sarvochch dharm guru ka pad hai jo bauddh dharm men dalaee lama evn eesaee dharm men pop ke samakaksh hai. mana jata hai ki desh men char mathon ke char shnkarachary hote hain.

kab huee shuruat

is pad ki shuruat adi shnkarachary se mani jati hai. adi shnkarachary ek hindoo darshanik aur dharmaguru the, jinhen hindutv ke sabase mahan pratinidhiyon men ek ke taur par jana jata hai. adi shnkarachary ne sanatan dharm ki pratishtha ke lie bharat ke char kshetron men char math sthapit kiye. charon mathon men pramukh ko shnkarachary kaha gaya. in mathon ki sthapana karake adi shnkarachary ne un par apane char pramukh shishyon ko asin kiya. tabase hi in charon mathon men shnkarachary pad ki parampara chali a rahi hai. har math ka apana ek vishesh mahavaky bhi hota hai.[1]

'math' ka arth

'math' ka arth aise snsthanon se hai jahan isake guru apane shishyon ko shiksha, upadesh adi dene ka kam karate hain. inhen pith bhi kaha jata hai. ye guru prayah dharm guru hote hai. di gee shiksha mukhyatah adhyatmik hoti hai. ek math men in karyo ke alava samajik seva, sahity adi se snbndhit kam hote hain. math ek aisa shabd hai jisake bahudharmik arth hain. bauddh mathon ko vihar kahate hain. eesaee dharm men inhen maaunetri, prayari, chartarahaus, ebbe ityadi namon se jana jata hai.

kaun snnyasi kis math ka

desh bhar men snnyasi kisi n kisi math se jude hote hain. snnyas lene ke bad dikshit nam ke bad ek visheshan laga diya jata hai, jisase yah snket milata hai ki yah snnyasi kis math se hai. ved ki kis parampara ka vahak hai. sabhi math alag-alag ved ke pracharak hote hain.

adi shnkarachary

adi shnkarachary (janm nam: shnkar, janm: 788 ee., mrityu: 820 ee.) advait vedant ke praneta, snskrit ke vidvan, upanishad vyakhyata aur hindoo dharm pracharak the. hindoo dharmik manyata ke anusar inako bhagavan shnkar ka avatar mana jata hai. inhonne lagabhag poore bharat ki yatra ki. inake jivan ka adhikansh bhag uttar bharat men bita. char pithon ki sthapana karana inaka mukhy roop se ullekhaniy kam tha. unhonne kee grnth likhe, kintu unaka darshan upanishad, brahmasootr aur gita par likhe unake bhashyon men milata hai.[1]

adi shnkarachary ne charon mathon ke alava poore desh men barah jyotirlingon ki bhi sthapana ki thi. adi shnkarachary ko advait parnpara ka pravartak mana jata hai.

shnkarachary yogyata

bharat ki charon pithon par shnkarachary ki niyukti ke lie nimn yogyataon ka hona avashyak hai-

  1. tyagi brahman ho
  2. brahmachari ho
  3. dndi sanyasi ho
  4. snskrit, chaturved, vedant aur puran ka gyata ho
  5. rajanitik n ho

char math

ye charon math eesa se poorv athavin shatabdi men sthapit kie ge the. ye charon math aj bhi char shnkaracharyon ke netritv men sanatan parnpara ka prachar v prasar kar rahe hain. har shnkarachary ko apane jivan kal men hi sabase yogy shishy ko uttaradhikari banana hota hai. ye char math desh ke char konon men hain-

  1. uttaramany math ya uttar math, jyotirmath jo ki joshimath men sthit hai.
  2. poorvamany math ya poorvi math, govardhan math jo ki puri men sthit hai.
  3. dakshinamany math ya dakshini math, shrringeri math jo ki shrringeri men sthit hai.
  4. pashchimamany math ya pashchimi math, dvarika math jo ki dvarika men sthit hai.[1]
panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 kaise shuroo huee shnkarachary parnpara (hindi) hindi.news18.com. abhigaman tithi: 12 mee, 2020.

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