सनातन धर्म  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg sanatan ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- sanatan (bahuvikalpi)
sanatan dharm
sanatan dharm ka pavitr chihn svastik
vivaran sanatan dharm vishv ke sabhi dharmon men sabase purana dharm hai. paramparagat vaidik dharm jisamen paramatma ko sakar aur nirakar donon roopon men pooja jata hai.
pramukh devata shiv, vishnu, krishn, ram, adi.
dharmagrnth 4 ved - rigved, samaved, yajurved aur atharvaved; terah (13) upanishad, atharah (18) puran
pramukh dharmik grnth ramayan, mahabharat, gita, ramacharitamanas.
tirth sthal hindoo mandir
snbndhit lekh Om, svastik, vaidik dharm
any janakari ye vedon par adharit dharm hai, jo apane andar kee alag alag upasana paddhatiyan, mat, sampraday, aur darshan samete hue hai. anuyayiyon ki snkhya ke adhar par ye vishv ka tisara sabase bada dharm hai, snkhya ke adhar par isake adhikatar upasak bharat men hain aur pratishat ke adhar par nepal men hai.

sanatan dharm vishv ke sabhi dharmon men sabase purana dharm hai. paramparagat vaidik dharm jisamen paramatma ko sakar aur nirakar donon roopon men pooja jata hai. ye vedon par adharit dharm hai, jo apane andar kee alag-alag upasana paddhatiyan, mat, sampraday, aur darshan samete hue hai. anuyayiyon ki snkhya ke adhar par ye vishv ka tisara sabase bada dharm hai, snkhya ke adhar par isake adhikatar upasak bharat men hain aur pratishat ke adhar par nepal men hai. halanki isamen kee devi, devataon ki pooja ki jati hai, lekin vastav men yah ekeshvaravadi dharm hai. ye dharm apane ap men itana vishal hai ki isamen se samay-samay par vibhinn dharm nikalate rahe, kuchh purani paramparaain tootati rahin aur kuchh nee judati rahin, kuchh purani manyataen jyon ki tyon rahin to kuchh manyataen isamen samati rahin. kuchh mila, kuchh purana chhootata gaya, kuchh purana yoon hi raha to kuchh naya judata gaya.[1]

sanatan ka arth

sanatan ka arth hai – 'shashvat' ya 'hamesha bana rahane vala'., sanatan arthat jo sada se hai, jo sada rahega, jisaka ant nahin hai aur jisaka koee arnbh nahin hai vahi sanatan hai.

srishti ka arnbh

paramapita paramatma ne hi sab manushyon ke kalyan ke lie vedon ka prakash, srishti ke arnbh men kiya. jaise jab ham naya mobail late hain to sath men ek digdarshika milati hai, ki ise yahan par rakhen, is prakar se baraten, amuk sthan par n le jayen, amuk chiz ke sath n rakhen, adi. usi prakar jab us paramapita ne hamen ye manav tan die, tatha ye snpoorn srishti hamen rach kar di, tab kya usane hamen yoon hi bina kisi gyan v bina kisi nirdeshon ke bhatakane ko chhod diya? ji nahin, usane hamen sath men ek digdarshika di, ki is srishti ko kaise barten, kya karen, ye tan se kya karen, ise kahan lekar jayen, man se kya vicharen, netron se kya dekhen, kanon se kya sunen, hathon se kya karen adi. usi ka nam ved hai.[1]

hindoo dharm

vishv men keval hindoo dharm hi gyan par adharit dharm hai, baki sab to kisi ek vh‍yakti ke dvara pratipadit kiye gaye hain. isalie hindoo dharm hi sarvashreshth hai aur usaki kisi se tulana nahin ki ja sakati hai, ek matr hindoo dharm hi aisa dharm hai, jo samay-samay par apane niyamon ki samiksha karake unamen sudhar karata raha hai. hindoo dharm ek khula dharm hai jo vichar se nahin apitu vivek se vikasit hua hai. isake viparit any dharm chahe vah islam ho chahe eesaee ya koee any, sabhi bnd dharm hai, jo ek vyakti matr ke vicharon par adharit hai aur jo yah manakar chalate hain ki samay aparivartit rahata hai aur vyakti ka vivek bhi. in dharmon men vicharon ke vikas ka koee mahatv nahin hai. yahi karan hai ki in dharmon men vishesh agrah athava vaicharik kattarata paee jati hai.

ved

ved ka arth hai gyan. vedon men kya hai ? vedon men koee katha kahani nahin hai. ved men tinake se lekar parameshvar paryant vah sampoorn mool gyan vidyaman hai, jo manushyon ke jivan men avashyak hai. main kaun hoon ? mujhamen aisa kya hai, jisamen “main” ki bhavana hai? mere hath, mere pair, mera sir, mera sharir, par main kaun hoon? main kahan se aya hoon? mera tan to yahin rahega, to main kahan jaoonga, paramatma kya karata hai? main yahan kya karoon ? mera lakshy kya hai ? mujhe yahan kyoon bheja gaya? in sabaka uttar to keval vedon men hi milega. ramayan v bhagavat v mahabharat adi to aitihasik ghatanaen hai, jinase hamen sikh leni chahie aur in jaise mahapurushon ke dikhae sanmarg par chalana chahie.

ved ke prakar

rigved

vedon men sarvapratham rigved ka nirman hua. yah padyatmak hai. yajurved gadyamay hai aur samaved gitatmak hai. rigved men mandal 10 hain,1028 sookt hain aur 11 hazar mantr hain. isamen 5 shakhayen hain – shakalp, vaskal, ashvalayan, shankhayan, mndookayan. rigved ke dasham mandal men aushadhi sookt hain. isake praneta arthashastr rishi hain. isamen aushadhiyon ki snkhya 125 ke lagabhag nirdisht ki gee hai jo ki 107 sthanon par payi jati hai. aushadhi men som ka vishesh varnan hai. rigved men chyavan rishi ko punah yuva karane ka kathanak bhi uddhrit hai aur aushadhiyon se rogon ka nash karana bhi samavisht hai . isamen jal chikitsa, vayu chikitsa, saur chikitsa, manas chikitsa evn havan dvara chikitsa ka samavesh hai.

samaved

samaved men gey chhndon ki adhikata hai jinaka gan ygyon ke samay hota tha. 1824 mantron ken is ved men 75 mantron ko chhodakar shesh sab mantr rigved se hi snkalit hain. is ved ko sngit shastr ka mool mana jata hai. isamen savita, agni aur indr devataon ka pradhany hai. isamen ygy men gane ke liye sngitamay mantr hain, yah ved mukhyatah gandharv logon ke liye hota hai . isamen mukhy 3 shakhayen hain, 75 richayen hain aur visheshakar sngit shastr ka samavesh kiya gaya hai .

yajurved

isamen ygy ki asal prakriya ke liye gady mantr hain, yah ved mukhyatah kshatriyon ke liye hota hai .

  • yajurved ke do bhag hain –
  1. krishn- vaishampayan rishi ka sambandh krishn se hai . krishn ki char shakhayen hai.
  2. shuklayagyvalky rishi ka sambandh shukl se hai. shukl ki do shakhayen hain . isamen 40 adhyay hain . yajurved ke ek mantr men ‘brihidhanyon’ ka varnan prapt hota hai . isake alava, divy vaidy evn krishi vigyan ka bhi vishay samahit hai.

atharvaved

isamen jadoo, chamatkar, arogy, ygy ke liye mantr hain, yah ved mukhyatah vyapariyon ke liye hota hai . isamen 20 kand hain . atharvaved men ath khand ate hain jinamen bheshaj ved evn dhatu ved ye do nam spasht prapt hain.

dharmagrnth

hinduon ka dharm grnth kya hai? vidvanon anusar ‘ved’ hi hai hinduon ke dharmagrnth. vedon men duniya ki har baten hain. vedon men dharm, yog, vigyan, jivan, samaj aur brahmand ki utpatti, palan aur snhar ka vistrit ullekh hai. vedon ka sar hai upanishad aur upanishadon ka sar hai gita. sar ka arth hota hai snkshipt.

eeshvar

eeshvar ka svaroop kya hai? yajurved ke battisaven adhyay men paramatma‍ ke vi‍shay men kaha gaya hai ki‍ agni vahi hai, adi‍ty vahi hai, vayu, chandr aur shukr vahi hai, jal, prajapati‍ aur sarvatr bhi vahi hai. vah pratyaksh nahin dekha ja sakata hai. usaki koee prati‍ma nahin hai (n tasy prati‍ma) usaka nam hi atyant mahanh hai. vah sab di‍shaon ko vya‍pt kar sthit hai. spasht hai ki‍ ved ke anusar eeshvar ki n to koee prati‍ma ya moorti‍ hai aur n hi use pratyahaksh roop men dekha ja sakata hai. ki‍si moorti‍ men eeshvar ke basane ya eeshvatar ka pratyaraksh darshan karane ka kathan ved sammet nahin hai. jinhonne ved padhe hain, ve janate hain ki prakriti, sansarik vastuen, manav aur svayn ko poojana kitana bada pap hai. papi hain ve log jo khud ko poojavate hain. aise snt, aise guru aur aise vyaktiyon se door rahana hi dharm sammat acharan hai.[1]

mandir

hinduon ke upasana sthal ko mandir kahate hain. yah aradhana aur pooja-archana ke lie nishchit ki huee jagah hai. yani jis jagah kisi aradhy dev ke prati dhyan ya chintan kiya jae ya vahan moorti ityadi rakhakar pooja-archana ki jae use mndir kahate hain. moorti ke prati ham shraddha se jude hoten hain aur yah shraddha paramatma se judane men ek setu ka kam karata hai. sare dharmo men yah shraddha kisi n kisi roop men maujood hai yah atal saty hai. hindoo dharm men bhi prarnbh se moorti pooja ka prachalan nahin tha. yah dharm advaivad aur ekeshvar vad ka samarthak raha hai. kintu eeshvar tak pahunchane men moorti pooja rasta ko saral banata hai. ham ek moorti ko aradhy man kar usaki upasana karate hain ,use phool adi arpit karate hain. is prakar moorti se hi sahi ek judav mahasoos hone lagata hai. man us patr se jisaki moorti hoti hai, usake prem men doob jata hai. vah patr chahe vah ram ho ya krishn man usake charitr men doobata jata hai aur dhire-dhire us param nirakar men utarata jata hai , udaharanarth- agar ap krishn ki moorti ki aradhana karenge to ap ka man unake dvara bole gita ke vachanon ki or zaroor jayega, bas lo ho gayi nirakar ki or yatra shuroo. isi prakar ram ki moorti ramacharitamanas ki or le jayegi. durga ki moorti durga saptashati ki or.

gita

gita ko hindoo dharm men bahut khas sthan diya gaya hai. gita apane andar bhagavan krishn ke upadeshon ko samete hue hai. gita ko snskrit bhasha men likha gaya hai, snskrit ki janakari rakhane vala bhi gita ko asani se padh sakata hai. gita men char yogon ke bare vistar se bataya hua hai, karm yog, bhakti yog, raja yog aur jan yog. gita ko vedon aur upanishadon ka sar mana jata, jo log vedon ko poora nahin padh sakate, sirph gita ke padhane se bhi ap ko gyan prapti ho sakati hai. gita n sirph jivan ka sahi arth samajhati hai balki paramatma ke annt rup se hamen rubaru karati hai. is snsarik duniya men dukh, krodh, anhakar eershya adi se pidit atmaon ko, gita saty aur adhyatm ka marg dikhakar moksh ki prapti karavati hai. gita men likhe upadesh kisi ek manushy vishesh ya kisi khas dharm ke lie nahin hai, isake upadesh to poore jag ke lie hai. jisamen adhyatm aur eeshvar ke bich jo gahara snbndh hai usake bare men vistar se likha gaya hai. gita me dhiraj, sntosh, shanti, moksh aur siddhi ko prapt karane ke bare men upadesh diya gaya hai.

gita sar

bhagavan krishn ke upadeshon ko ‘bhagavadgita’ namak lokapriy kitab men likha gaya hai choonki yah kitab kafi vistrit hai isalie ise ek bar men padh pana kafi mushkil hota hai. gita sar bhagavan krishn ke dvara die ge upadeshon ka nichod hai. yah pavitr gita ka saransh hai. bhagavan pratyek insan se vibhinn muddon par saval karate hain aur unhen mayavi snsar ko tyagane ko kahate hain. unaka kahana hai ki poori jindagi sukh pane ka ek aur keval ek hi rasta hai aur vah hai unake prati poora samarpan. tum kyon vyarth chinta karate ho? tum kyon bhayabhit hote ho? kaun tumhen mar sakata hai? atma ka n kabhi janm hota hai aur n hi yah kabhi marati hai. jo hua vah achchhe ke lie hua, jo ho raha hai vah achchhe ke lie ho raha hai aur jo hoga vah bhi achchhe ke lie hi hoga. bhoot ke lie pashchatap mat karo, bhavishy ke lie chintit mat ho, keval apane vartaman par dhyan lagao. tumhare pas apana kya hai jise tum kho doge ? tum kya sath lae the jisaka tumhen khone ka dar hai? tumane kya janm diya jisake vinash ka dar tumhen sata raha hai? tum apane sath kuchh bhi nahin lae the. har koee khali hath hi aya hai aur marane ke bad khali hath hi jaega. jo kuchh bhi aj tumhara hai, kal kisi aur ka tha aur parason kisi aur ka ho jaega. isalie maya ke chakachaundh men mat pado. maya hi sare du:kh, dard ka mool karan hai. parivartan snsar ka niyam hai. ek pal men ap karodon ke svami ho jate ho aur doosare pal hi apako aisa lagata hai ki apake pas kuchh bhi nahin hai. n to yah sharir tumhara hai aur n hi tum is sharir ke ho. yah sharir panch tatvon se bana hai- ag, jal, vayu, prithvi aur akash. ek din yah sharir inhin panch tatvon men vilin ho jaega. apane ap ko bhagavan ke havale kar do. yahi sarvottam sahara hai. jo koee bhi is shatruhin sahare ko pahachan gaya hai, vah dar, chinta aur du:khon se ajad rahata hai.[1]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 sanatan dharm(hindoo dharm) (hindi) WordPress.com. abhigaman tithi: 10 march, 2016.

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