बावरीपंथ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

'bavari' shabd ka samany arth hota hai- 'pagali' athava 'bavali'. is pnth men vyaktigat sadachar aur naitikata ki or adhik dhyan diya gaya hai. isi karan is pnth men achar aur acharan ki shuddhata apana vishesh mahattv rakhati hai. pnth ke prachar aur prasar men sadhakon tatha shishyon ne vishesh dhyan nahin diya. isi karan is pnth ka vishesh prasar nahin ho saka.[1]

sthapana

is pnth ki snsthapika bavari sahiba thin. inase pahale is sampraday ya pnth ki snghatan rooparekha kya thi, is vishay men adhik gyat nahin hai. bavaripnth ke vishay men likhane vale, kavayitri bavari sahiba ka nimnalikhit savaiya uddhrit karate hain. is savaiya se bavari shabd ka arth kuchh adhik spasht ho jata hain-

"bavari ravari ka kahiye, man hvaike patng bharai nit bhanvari. bhanvari janahin snt sujan, jinhen hari roop hiye darasavari. sanvari soorat mohini moorat, dai kari gyan annt lakhavari. khanv ri saunh tehari prabhoo, gati ravari dekhi bhee mati bavari."

kavayitri nivedan karati hai ki "prabhu! apaki lila ke sambandh main kya kahoon? mera man to apake charon or patng ke sadrish bhanvaren, chakkar lagaya karata hai. is bhanvar lagane ka rahasy keval usi ko udbhasit hai, jisane apaki roop-madhuri ka pan kiya hai. saugandh khakar kahati hoon ki apaki gatividhi dekhakar main to bavali ho gayi hoon." at: bavali ya bavari shabd ka yahan par arth hota hai, brahm ki adbhut lila dekhakar chakit rah jane vali sthiti.[1]

sadhak

bavari sahiba se pahale is vicharadhara ka poshan karane vale tin sadhak hue, parntu in sadhakon ne n to snghatan ki or dhyan diya aur n hi prachar ki or. bavari sahiba ka avirbhav in sadhakon ke anntar chaturth sthan par ata hai. ye sadhana ke kshetr men badi kushal thin. isilie inake anntar hone vale sadhakon ne is pnth ka nam bavaripnth rakha. pnth ke chhathe vyakti yari sahab ne pnth ko suvyavasthit roop pradan kiya aur isake prachar ke lie bhi prashnsaniy prayatn kiya.

shishy parampara

bavari sahiba ki parampara ka prarambh gazipur zile ke patana ganv ke nivasi ramanand se mana jata hai. ramanand ke shishy dayanand hue aur dayanand ke shishy mayanand. mayanand ke anntar bavari sahiba ka sthan hai. bavari ki prerana aur diksha se biroo sahab ne sadhana men khyati prapti ki. biroo sahab ke bad yari sahab ya yar muhammad, kesodas, boola sahab (1632 se 1709 ee.), gulal sahab (mrityu 1759 ee.), bhikha sahab (mrityu 1791 ee.), chaturbhuj sahab (mrityu 1818 ee.), narasinh sahab (mrityu 1892 ee.), jai narayan sahab (mrityu 1924 ee.) adi prasiddh vicharak aur snt hue. inhonne bavaripnth ki paramparaon ko bal diya.[1]

prachar-prasar

bavari pnth men vyaktigat sadachar aur naitikata ki or adhik dhyan diya gaya hai. isi karan is pnth men achar aur acharan ki shuddhata apana vishesh mahattv rakhati hai. is pnth ke prachar aur prasar men sadhakon tatha shishyon ne vishesh dhyan nahin diya. isi karan is pnth ka vishesh prasar nahin ho saka. parntu itana avashy hai ki is pnth ne achchhe vicharak aur kaviyon ko janm diya, jinamen yari sahab, boola sahab, jagajivan sahab, gulal sahab, palatoo sahab tatha bhikha sahab ka nam vishesh adar ke sath liya jata hai. is pnth ke kaviyon par vedant aur soofi darshan ka kafi prabhav pada.

ajapajap ki kriya

bavari pnth men ajapajap ki svabhik kriya ke bahut mahattv diya gaya hai. sadguru ki kripa se agamy jyoti tatha param tattv ki upalabdhi hoti hai. svanubhooti, surati-shabdayog ya chaturth pad ki prapti sadguru ki kripa aur nirdesh ke dvara ho sakati hai. surati ka sambandh kal ya shabdatattv ke sath jod rakhana nitant avashy hai. brahm ka sakshatkar nam-jap se hota hai. surati-shabdayog, is prakar ke sakshatkar men bada sahayak hai. yog ka sachcha gyata hi is surati-shabdayog ke rahasy ko samajh sakata hai. atm-vichar gyanayog ki adharashila hai. atmanubhooti evn ekatanata atm-vichar ke bina sambhav nahin hai. satsng ki mahima avarnaniy hai. brahm hi avinashi doolha hai. vah chetan evn nirntar shoony hai. ek hi tattv ki anekaroopata sarvatr pratibhasit hai. sona ek hi hota hai, parntu usase nirmit abhooshanon ke akar-prakar men vibhinnata hoti hai. usi prakar ek hi sarvatma samast srishti ka mool strot hai. bavari pnth ke ujjval ratn palatoo sahab ne brahm ki advait satta spasht karate hue kaha hai ki, "joee jiv soee brahm ek hai". snkshep men bavari sahiba men adhyatmik divanapan, yari sahab men soofi snskar, gulas evn bhikha sahab men vedanti tattv tatha palatoo sahab men ye sabhi tattv samnvit hokar abhivyakt hue hain.[1]

kavi

bavari pnth men pray: dedh darjan utkrisht kavi hue. inamen vishesh roop se ullekhaniy hain-

  1. biroo sahab
  2. yari sahab
  3. keshavadas
  4. boola sahab
  5. gulal sahab
  6. bhikha sahab
  7. palatoo sahab

rachanaen

yari sahab ki kavitaon ka sngrah 'ratnavali' aur keshavadas ka 'amighoont' prayag (ilahabad) se prakashit ho chuka hai. boola sahab ka 'shabdasagar', gulal sahabaki bani bhi ukt pres se prakashit huee hai. gulal sahab ki do aur pustakon 'gyanagushti' tatha 'ram sahastranam' ka ullekh hua hai. bhikha ki 'ram kundaliyan', 'ram sahastranam', 'ramasabad', 'ramarag', 'ramakavitt' tatha 'bhagatavachchhavali' ka prakashan velavediyar pres se 'bhikha sahab ki bani' nam se ho chuka hai. haralal sahab ke nam par char grnth 'shabd', 'chaturamasa', 'kundaliyan' tatha 'padasngrah' prasiddh hain. palatoo sahab ki kavitaon ka sngrah tin bhagon men prayag ke velavediyar pres se prakashit hua hai. isamen lagabhag 1000 pad sngrahit hain. nevaladas, khemadas, devidas, pahalavanadas, devakinandan adi ki rachanaen aprakashit hain. inamen se palatoo sahab sabase samarthyavan kavi the. inamen prachur kavy pratibha thi. vicharon ki spashtata aur bhavon ki sushthu abhivynjana inaki visheshata hai.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 hindi sahity kosh, bhag 1 |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |snpadan: daau. dhirendr varma |prishth snkhya: 430 |
  2. sahayak grnth- uttari bharat ki snt parampara: parashuram chaturvedi

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