पाँचरात्र मत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pancharatr mat vaishnav sampraday ka hi ek roop hai. is mat ke siddhantanusar srishti ki sab vastuen purush, prakriti, svabhav, karm aur dev'-in panch karanon se utpann hoti hain[1]. pancharatr mat ko panch prakar ki gyanabhoomi par vicharit hone ke karan 'pancharatr' kaha gaya hai-

'ratrn ch gyanavachann gyann pnchavidhn smritamh'.

vikas tatha vishnu manyata

mahabharat kal tak is mat ka vikas ho chuka tha. eeshvar ki sagun upasana karane ki paripati shiv aur vishnu ki upasana se prachalit huee. phir bhi vaidik kal men hi yah bat many ho gee thi ki devataon men vishnu ka shreshth sthan hai. isi adhar par vaishnav dharm ka marg dhire-dhire prashast hota gaya aur mahabharat kal men use 'pancharatr' satta mili. is mat ki vastavik ninv bhagavadagita men pratishthit hai, jisase yah bat sarvamany huee ki shri krishn vishnu ke avatar hain. atev pancharatr mat ki mukhy shiksha krishn ki bhakti hi hai. parameshvar ke roop men krishn ki bhakti karane vale unake samay men bhi the, jinamen gopiyan mukhy thin. unake atirikt aur bhi bahut se log the.

adhyatmik vivechan

is mat ke mool adhar narayan hain. svayambhuv manvantar men "sanatan vishvatma se nar, narayan, hari aur krishn char moortiyan utpann hueen. nar-narayan rishiyon ne badarikashram men tap kiya. narad ne vahan jakar unase prashn kiya. is par unhonne narad ko pancharatr dharm sunaya." is dharm ka pahala anuyayi raja uparichar vasu hua. isi ne pancharatr vidhi se pahale narayan ki pooja ki. chitrashikhandi upanamak sapt rishiyon ne vedon ka nishkarsh nikalakar pantraratr shastr taiyar kiya. svayambhuv manvantar ke saptarshi marichi, angira, atri, pulasty, pulah, kratu aur vasishth hain. is shastr men dharm, arth, kam aur moksh, charon ka vivechan hai. yah granth pahale ek lakh shlokon ka tha, aisa vishvas kiya jata hai. isamen pravritti aur nivritti donon marg hain. donon margon ka yah adhar stambh hai.

siddhant sngathan

pancharatr matanusar vasudev, snkarshan, pradyamn aur aniruddh ka shri krishn ke charitr se ati ghanishth sambandh hai. isi adhar par pancharatr ka chaturvyooh siddhant gathit hua hai. 'vyooh' ka shabdik arth hai 'vistar', jisake anusar vishnu ka vistar hota hai. vasudev svayn vishnu hain, jo param tattv hain. vasudev se snkarshan (mahattattv, prakriti), snkarshan se pradyumn (manash, vishvajanin), pradyumn se aniruddh (ahnkar, vishvajanin atmachetana) aur aniruddh se brahma (srashta, drishy jagath ke) ki utpatti hoti hai. pancharatr mat men vedon ko poora-poora mahatv to diya hi gaya hai, sath hi vaidik ygy kriyaen bhi isi tarah many ki gee hain. han, ygy ka arth, ahinsayukt vaishnav ygy hai. kaha jata hai ki yah nishkam bhakti ka marg hai, isi se ise 'aikantik' bhi kahate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

hindoo dharmakosh |lekhak: daau. rajabali pandey |prakashak: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan |prishth snkhya: 394 |

  1. (gita, 18.14)

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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