माध्व सम्प्रदाय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

madhv sampraday
madhvachary
vivaran 'madhv sampraday' ek vaishnav sampraday hai. madhv vaishnav ek sngathit samooh men nahin hain balki bikhare hue hain.
snsthapak madhvachary
sthapana samay is sampraday ki sthapana terahavin shatabdi ke prarambhik dashakon men huee.
siddhant vishnu sarvochch tattv hai, jagath saty hai, brahm aur jiv ka bhed vastavik hai, jiv eeshvaradhin hai, jivon men taratamy hai, atma ke antarik sukhon ki anubhooti hi mukti hai, shuddh aur nirmal bhakti hi moksh ka sadhan hai, pratyaksh, anuman aur shabd tin praman hain, vedon dvara hi hari jane ja sakate hain.
vishesh madhvachary dvara sthapit yah sampraday bhagavat puran par adhrit hone vala pahala sampraday hai.
snbndhit lekh madhvachary, vaishnav sampraday, chaitany mahaprabhu
any janakari madhvachary ne jivan ki vastavikata samajhate hue use vyavaharik aur ruchipoorn banane ka adhar apane dvaitavad men prastut kiya. inake anusar do padarth ya tattv pramukh hain, jo svatntr aur asvatantr hain.

madhv sampraday bharat ke vaishnav sampradayon men se ek hai. madhv vaishnav ek sngathit samooh men nahin hain balki bikhare hue hain. unake mahattvapoorn mandir n to vrindavan men hain aur n zile men kahin any hi hain. is sampraday ke snsthapak madhvachary dakshin ke the. unaka janm sanh 1199 ee. men hua tha. jis mandir men ve rahate the, vah ab bhi 'udipi' namak sthan men vidyaman hai. vahan unhonne ek chamatkarapoorn krishn ki moorti sthapit ki thi, jo mahabharat ke yoddha arjun ne banaee batate hain. yah moorti dvaraka se kisi jahaz men rakh di gee thi aur malabar tat par vah takara gaya aur nasht ho gaya tha.

madhvachary ke granth

kaha jata hai madhvachary ne nau varsh ki alpayu men shrimadbhagavat gita ka bhashy likha tha. unake grnthon ke nam hain-

  1. upanishad
  2. gita
  3. brahmasootr ke bhashy
  4. gita tatpary nirnay
  5. nyay vivaran
  6. tntrasar sngrah
  7. vishnu tattv nirnay
  8. shrikrishnamrit maharnav
  9. mayavad khndan
  10. prapnch mithyavad khndan

sampraday ki sthapana

madhvachary dvara sthapit yah sampraday bhagavat puran par adhrit hone vala pahala sampraday hai. isaki sthapana terahavin shatabdi ke prarambhik dashakon men huee. madhvachary ki mrityu ke 50 varsh bad jayatirth is sampraday ke pramukh achary hue. inake bhashy, jo madhv ke granthon par rache gaye hain, sampraday ke sammanit granth hain. chaudahavin shatabdi ke uttarardh me vishnupuri namak madhv snnyasi ne bhagavat ke bhakti vishayak sundar sthalon ko chunakar 'bhaktiratnavali' namak granth likha. yah bhagavat bhakti ka sarvashreshth parichay deta hai. loriy krishnadas ne isaka bagnla men anuvad kiya hai.

prachar-prasar

ek paravarti madhv sant eeshvarapuri ne chaitanyadev ko is sampraday men dikshit kiya. is naye neta (chaitany) ne madhv mat ka apani dakshin ki yatra men achchha prachar kiya (1509-11). unhonne madhvon ko apani shiksha evn bhaktipoorn giton se protsahit kiya. inhonne ukt sampraday men sarvapratham snkirtan evn nagar kirtan ka prachar kiya. chaitanyadev ki dakshin yatra ke kuchh hi dinon bad kannad bhasha men git rachana arambh huee. kannad gayak bhakton men mukhy the, purandaradas. prasiddh madhv vidvanh vyasaraj chaitany ke samakalin the. inhonne anek granth likhe jo aj bhi pathan-pathan men prayukt hote hain.

atharahavin shatabdi men krishnabhakti vishayak git v stutiyon ki rachana kannad men 'timmappadas' evn 'madhvadas' ne ki. isi samay chidanand namak viddhan prasiddh kannad granth 'haribhakti rasayan' ke rachayita hue. madhv ke siddhanton ka spasht varnan kannad kavy granth 'harikathasar' men hua hai. madhvamat ke anek snskrit granthon ka anuvad kannadi men hua. madhv snnyasi shnkar ke dashanami sannyasiyon me hi pariganit hain. svayn madhv evn unake mukhy shishy tirth (dasanamiyon men se ek) shakha ke the. paravarti anek madhv 'puri' evn 'bharati' shakhaon ke sadasy hue.

samiksha

is sampraday ki paddhati men varnit shala, kshetr, dham, tirth tatha isht adi se yahi siddh hota hai ki inaka sara gyan 14 lokon ke andar ka hai tatha inake aradhy vishnu bhagavan hain. vastutah vaishnavon ke charon sampraday kshar-akshar se pare us sachchidanand aksharatit poornabrahm ke bare men nahin janate hain. ye jis vishnu bhagavan ko apane parabrahm ke roop men manate hain, ve to kshar purush hain. patal se lekar sat shoony ya moh sagar tak jo kuchh hai, vah svapn ke saman nashvar hai. aisa puran snhita 13/53,54 men kaha gaya hai. brahm darshan ki kamana se jab brahma, vishnu, shiv, eeshvar aur sadashiv dhyan dvara akhand dham ko khojane ke prayas men the, to unase nad shiv ne kaha- "he devaganon ! is unmani shakti se pare aur kuchh prapnch nahin hai. prithvi tatv se lekar unmani tak jo kuchh hai, vah svapnamayi hai aur agyan dvara hi kalpit hai. vah unmani shakti agyanamayi hai aur (avyakrit) brahm ke man ki nind roopa hai. is prakar vaikunth adi sabhi lok tatha devi-devata sapane ke nashvar svaroop vale siddh hote hain.

dvaitavad

madhvachary ka darshanik siddhant dvaitavad hai. yah shnkar advaitavad ke nitant pratikool hai aur usaka praval virodhi hai. madhvachary ne jivan ki vastavikata samajhate hue use vyavaharik aur ruchipoorn banane ka adhar apane dvaitavad men prastut kiya. inake anusar do padarth ya tattv pramukh hain, jo svatntr aur asvatantr hain. svatantr tattv paramatma hai, jo vishnu nam se prasiddh hai aur jo sagun tatha savishesh hai. asvatantr tattv jivatma hai. ye donon tattv nity aur anadi hain, jinamen svabhavik bhed hai. yah bhed panch prakar ka hain, jise shastriy bhasha men 'prapnch' kaha jata hai.

  • eeshvar anadi aur saty hain, bhranti-kalpit nahin.
  • eeshvar jiv aur jad padarthon se bhinn hai.
  • jiv aur jad padarth any jivon se bhinn hai evn ek jad padarth doosare padarthon se bhinn hai.
  • jab tak yah tatvik bhed bodh udit nahin hota, tab tak mukti snbhav nahin.

madhvachary ka siddhant

madhvachary ke siddhant ki rooparekha nimnankit shlokon men vyakt ki gee hai-

shri manmadhvamate hari: paritar: satyn jagath tatvato,
bhedo jivagana hareranuchara nichochch bhavn gata.1.
muktirnaiv sukhanubhootiramala bhaktishch tatsadhane,
hyakshadi tritachn praman a khilamnavaik vedmo hari:॥2॥

  1. vishnu sarvochch tattv hai
  2. jagat saty hai
  3. brahm aur jiv ka bhed vastavik hai
  4. jiv eeshvaradhin hai
  5. jivon men taratamy hai
  6. atma ke antarik sukhon ki anubhooti hi mukti hai
  7. shuddh aur nirmal bhakti hi moksh ka sadhan hai
  8. pratyaksh, anuman aur shabd tin praman hain
  9. vedon dvara hi hari jane ja sakate hain

dharmik gharane

in char sampradayon ke atirikt tin dharmik gharane aur hain, jo gaudiy vaishnav, radhavallabhiy aur haridasi kahalate hain. inamen vrindavan men sabase adhik prabhav gaudiy vaishnavon ka hai. is mat ke snsthapak chaitany dev 'nadiya' (bngal) men sanh 1485 men utpann hue the. kaha jata hai ki vallabhachary ki ek suputri se inaka vivah hua tha. 24 varsh ki ayu men sansarik bandhanon se mukt hokar ve dharmopadeshak ban gaye the. chh: varsh tak mathura aur jagannathapuri ke madhy tirthatan karane ke bad ve jagannath men rahane lage the, jahan 42 varsh ki ayu men ve snsar se arntadhan ho gaye. unaki jivani aur adhyatmik siddhant chaitany charitamrit namak vrihadh grnth men likhit hain. ise 'krishnadas' namak unake ek shishy ne likha tha. 'advaitanand' aur 'nityanand' namak unake do sahayogi unhin ki bhanti 'mahaprabhu' kahalate the. ve hi unake snsthanon ke adhyaksh the. doosare 'chhai gusaee' vrindavan men nivas karane lage. inamen se roop aur sanatan vrindavanasth gaudiy vaishnavon ke mahattvapoorn mukhiya the. inhonne mathura mahatmy sahity aur bhi kee saiddhantik vrihadh grnthon ka pranayan kiya tha. unake sath unake bhatije jiv gosvami ka nam bhi juda hua hai. jiv ne radha damodar ji ke mandir ki sthapana ki thi. gopal bhatt ne radha raman ji ke mandir ki sthapana ki thi. bhaktamal men inaka varnan hai.

shri roop sanatan bhakti jal shri jiv gusaee sar gnbhir.
vela bhajan supakv kashayan kabahun n lagi.
vrindavan dydh bas jugal charanan anuragi.
pothi lekhani panni aghat akshar chit dinau.
sad grnthan kau path sabai hastamal kinau.
sndesh grnth chhedan samarth ras rashi upasak param dhir.
shri roop sanatan bhakti jal shri jiv gusaee sar gnbhir ॥1॥

shri vrindavan ki madhuri in mili asvadan kiyau.
sarabas radharaman bhatt gopal ujagar.
hrishikesh bhagavan vipul bithal rasasagar.
thaneshvari jagannath lokanath mahamuni madhoo shri rng.
krishnadas pndit ubhai adhikari hari ang.
ghamndi jugalakishor bhrity bhoogarbh dydh vrat liyau.
vrindavan ki madhuri in mili asvadan kiyau ॥2॥

gaudiy darshanik siddhant

yah siddhant achinty bhedabhed ke nam se prasiddh hai, jo jiv gosvami ke 'shath sndarbh' aur 'snvadini' granthon men vivechit hua hai. usi ka spashtikaran krishnadas ne 'shri chaitany charitamrit' men kiya hai. gaudiy vidvanh baladev vidyabhooshan ne ' govind bhashy' men is sambandh men uthi shnkaon ka nivaran kiya tha. yah brahmasootr ka gaudiy bhashy hai. jiv gosvami kahate hain ki parabrahm shrikrishn sarvashaktiman hain aur unaki shakti ke roop men jivajagat adi ki sthiti hai. brahm ke sath jiv aur jagath ka vaisa hi sambandh hai jaisa shaktiman ka shakti ke sath hota hai. shaktiman se shakti ka sambandh alag to gyat nahin hota kintu usaka kary prithakh jan padata hai. isake lie kastoori aur usaki gndh adhava agni aur usaki dahak shakti ke udaharan diye ja sakate hain. astitv ki drishti se jahan brahm ka jiv evn jagath se abhed sambandh hai, vahan kary ki drishti se bhed bhi hai. yah bhedabhed sambandh nity aur saty hote hue bhi achinty hai arthat manaviy chintan ke bahar hai.

shrikrishn gyan, yog aur bhakti ke sadhanon dvara apane ko brahm, paramatma aur bhagavan ke roopon men prakashit karate hain. ve sarvatantr , vibhuchit, sarvakartta, sarvasv, muktidata aur sachchidanand evn gyan-vigyan svaroop hain. jiv shrikrishn ka nity das hai. yah unaki tatastha shakti hai aur unaka usi prakar bhedabhed prakash hai, jaise soory ki kiranen aur agni ka tap hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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