अग्निदेव  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg agni ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- agni (bahuvikalpi)
agnidev
  • agnidevata ygy ke pradhan ang hain. ye sarvatr prakash karane vale evn sabhi purusharthon ko pradan karane vale hain. sabhi ratn agni se utpann hote hain aur sabhi ratnon ko yahi dharan karate hain.
  • vedon men sarvapratham rigved ka nam ata hai aur usamen pratham shabd agni hi prapt hota hai. at: yah kaha ja sakata hai ki vishv-sahity ka pratham shabd agni hi hai. aitarey brahman adi brahman granthon men yah bar-bar kaha gaya hai ki devataon men pratham sthan agni ka hai.
  • achary yask aur sayanachary rigved ke prarambh men agni ki stuti ka karan yah batalate hain ki agni hi devataon men agrani hain aur sabase age-age chalate hain. yuddh men senapati ka kam karate hain inhin ko age kar yuddh karake devataon ne asuron ko parast kiya tha.
  • puranon ke anusar inaki patni svaha hain. ye sab devataon ke mukh hain aur inamen jo ahuti di jati hai, vah inhin ke dvara devataon tak pahunchati hai. keval rigved men agni ke do sau sookt prapt hote hain. isi prakar yajurved, samaved aur atharvaved men bhi inaki stutiyan prapt hoti hain. rigved ke pratham sookt men agni ki prarthana karate hue vishvamitr ke putr madhuchchhanda kahate hain ki main sarvapratham agnidevata ki stuti karata hoon, jo sabhi ygyon ke purohit kahe gaye hain. purohit raja ka sarvapratham achary hota hai aur vah usake samast abhisht ko siddh karata hai. usi prakar agnidev bhi yajaman ki samast kamanaon ko poorn karate hain.
  • agnidev ki sat jihvaen batayi gayi hain. un jihvaon ke nam
  1. kali,
  2. karali,
  3. manojava,
  4. sulohita,
  5. dhoomravarni,
  6. sphulingi tatha
  7. vishvaruchi hain.
  • puranon ke anusar agnidev ki patni svaha ke pavak, pavaman aur shuchi namak tin putr hue. inake putr-pautron ki snkhya unnchas hai. bhagavan kartikey ko agnidevata ka bhi putr mana gaya hai. svarochish namak dvitiy sthan par pariganit hain. ye agney kon ke adhipati hain. agni namak prasiddh puran ke ye hi vakta hain. prabhas kshetr men sarasvati nadi ke tat par inaka mukhy tirth hai. inhin ke samip bhagavan kartikey, shraddhadev tatha gauon ke bhi tirth hain.
  • agnidev ki kripa ke puranon men anek drishtant prapt hote hain. unamen se kuchh is prakar hain. maharshi ved ke shishy uttnk ne apani shiksha poorn hone par achary dampati se guru dakshina mangane ka nivedan kiya. guru patni ne unase maharaj paushy ki patni ka kundal manga. uttnk ne maharaj ke pas pahunchakar unaki agya se maharani se kundal prapt kiya. rani ne kundal dekar unhen satark kiya ki ap in kundalon ko savadhani se le jaiyega, nahin to takshak nag kundal ap se chhin lega. marg men jab uttnk ek jalashay ke kinare kundalon ko rakhakar sandhya karane lage to takshak kundalon ko lekar patal men chala gaya. agnidev ki kripa se hi uttnk dubara kundal prapt karake guru patni ko pradan kar paye the. agnidev ne hi apani brahmachari bhakt upakoshal ko brahmavidya ka upadesh diya tha.
  • agni ki prarthana upasana se yajaman dhan, dhany, pashu adi samriddhi prapt karata hai. usaki shakti, pratishtha evn parivar adi ki vriddhi hoti hai. agnidev ka bijamantr rn tatha mukhy mantr rn vahnichaitanyay nam: hai.

grnthon ke matanusar

rigved ke anusar

agnidev apane yajaman par vaise hi kripa karate hain, jaise raja sarvagunasampann vir purush ka samman karata hai. ek bar agni apane hathon men ann dharan karake gupha men baith ge.[1] at: sab devata bahut bhayabhit hue.[2] amar devataon ne agni ka mahatv thik se nahin pahachana tha. ve thake pairon se chalate hue dhyan men lage hue agni ke pas pahunche. maruton ne tin varshon tak agni ki stuti ki. angira ne mntron dvara agni ki stuti tatha pani namak asur ko nad se hi nasht kar dala. devataon ne jangh ke bal baithakar agnidev ki pooja ki. angira ne ygyagni dharan karake agni ko hi sadhana ka lakshy banaya. tadanantar akash men jyotisvaroop soory aur dhvajasvaroop kiranon ki prapti huee. devataon ne agni men avasthit ikkis goodh pad prapt kar apani raksha ki.[3] agni aur som ne yuddh men brisay ki santan nasht kar dali tatha pani ki gauen har lin.[4] agni ke ashvon ka nam rohit tatha rath ka nam dhoomaketu hai.[5]

mahabharat ke anusar
  • devataon ko jab parvati se shap mila tha ki ve sab santanahin rahenge, tab agnidev vahan par nahin the. kalantar men vidrohiyon ko marane ke lie kisi devaputr ki avashyakata huee. at: devataon ne agni ki khoj arambh ki. agnidev jal men chhipe hue the. medhak ne unaka nivas sthan devataon ko bataya. at: agnidev ne rusht hokar use jihva n hone ka shap diya. devataon ne kaha ki vah phir bhi bol payega. agnidev kisi doosari jagah par jakar chhip ge. hathi ne devataon se kaha-ashvatth (soory ka ek nam) agni roop hai. agni ne use bhi ulti jihva vala kar diya. isi prakar tote ne shami men chhipe agni ka pata bataya to vah bhi shapavash ulti jihva vala ho gaya. shami men devataon ne agni ke darshan karake tarak ke vadh ke nimitt putr utpann karane ko kaha. agni dev shiv ke viry ka gnga men adhan karake kartikey ke janm ke nimitt bane.[6]
  • bhrigu patni puloma ka pahale rakshas puloman se vivah hua tha. jab bhrigu anupasthit the, vah puloma ko lene aya to usane ygyagni se kaha ki vah usaki hai ya bhrigu ki bharya. usane uttar diya ki yah saty hai ki usaka pratham varan usane (rakshas) hi kiya tha, lekin ab vah bhrigu ki patni hai. jab puloman use balapoorvak le ja raha tha, usake garbh se 'chyavan' gir ge aur puloman bhasm ho gaya. usake ashruon se brahma ne 'vasudhara nadi' ka nirman kiya. bhrigu ne agni ko shap diya ki too har padarth ka bhakshan karegi. shap se pidit agni ne ygy ahutiyon se apane ko vilag kar liya, jisase praniyon men hatasha vyapt ho gee. brahma ne use ashvasan diya ki vah poorvavath pavitr mani jaegi. sirf mansahari jivon ki udarasth pachak agni ko chhodakar usaki lapaten sarv bhakshan men samarth hongi. angiras ne agni se anunay kiya tha ki vah use apana pratham putr ghoshit karen, kyonki brahma dvara nee agni srajit karane ka bhram phail gaya tha. angiras se lekar brihaspati ke madhyam se any rishigan agni se snbaddh rahe hain.[7],[8]
harivnsh puran ke anusar 

asuron ke dvara devataon ki parajay ko dekhakar agni ne asuron ko mar dalane ka nishchay kiya. ve svargalok tak phaili huee jvala se danavon ki dagdh karane lage. may tatha shnbarasur ne maya dvara varsha karake agni ko mnd karane ka prayas kiya, kintu brihaspati ne unaki aradhana karake unhen tejasvi rahane ki prerana di. phalat: asuron ki maya nasht ho gee.[9]

brahm puran ke anusar

jatavedash namak agni ka ek bhaee tha. vah havyavahak (ygy-samagri lane vala) tha. diti-putr (madhu) ne devataon ke dekhate-dekhate hi use mar dala. agni gngajal men a chhipa. devata jadavath ho ge. agni ke bina jina kathin laga to ve sab use khojate hue gngajal men pahunche. agni ne kaha, bhaee ki raksha nahin huee, meri hogi, yah kaise sambhav hai? devataon ne use ygy men bhag dena arambh kiya. agni ne poorvavath svargalok tatha bhoolok men nivas arambh kar diya. devataon ne jahan agni pratishtha ki, vah sthan agnitirth kahalaya.[10]

daksh ki kanya (svaha) ka vivah agni (havyavahak) se hua. bahut samay tak vah ni:santan rahi. unhin dinon tarak se trast devataon ne agni ko sandeshavahak banakar shiv ke pas bheja. shiv se devata aisa vir putr chahate the, jo ki tarak ka vadh kar sake. patni ke pas jane men snkoch karane vale agni ne tote ka roop dharan kiya aur ekantavilasi shiv-parvati ki khidaki par ja baitha. shiv ne use dekhate hi pahachan liya tatha usake bina bataye hi devataon ki ichchha janakar shiv ne usake munh men sara viry udel diya. shuk (agni) itane viry ko nahin sambhal pae. usane vah gnga ke kinare krittikaon men dal diya, jinase kartikey ka janm hua. thoda-sa bacha hua viry vah patni ke pas le gaya. use do bhagon men bantakar svaha ko pradan kiya, at: usane (svaha ne) do shishuon ko janm diya. putr ka nam suvarn tatha kanya ka nam suvarna rakha gaya. mishr viry santan hone ke karan ve donon vyabhichar dosh se dooshit ho ge. suvarna asuron ki priyaon ka roop banakar asuron ke sath ghoomati thi tatha suvarn devataon ka roop dharan karake unaki patniyon ko thagata tha. sur tatha asuron ko gyat hua to unhonne donon ko sarvagami hone ka shap diya. brahma ke adesh par agni ne gomati nadi ke tat par, shivaradhana se shiv ko prasann kar donon ko shapamukt karavaya. vah sthan tapovan kahalaya.[11][12]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vnsh parampara : vishnu, brahma, angiras, brihaspati, agni
  2. rigved1|67|5-11
  3. rigved 1|68-73
  4. rigved 1|93|4
  5. rigved 1|94|10
  6. mahabharat, danadharmaparv adhyay 85-86
  7. mahabharat, adiparv, adhyay-1-6
  8. mishr, daau. devendr “khand 1”, bharatiy snskriti kosh, 2009 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: yoonivarsiti pablikeshan, prishth sn 19.
  9. harivnsh puran, bhavishyaparv 62-63
  10. brahm puran, 98|-
  11. brahm puran, 128
  12. vidyavachaspati, daau. ushapuri bharatiy mithak kosh, 1986 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: neshanal pablishing haus, nayi dilli, prishth sn 06-07.

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