मरुद्गण

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marudgan (maruth + gan) ek devagan ka nam hai. vedoan mean inhean rudr aur vrishni ka putr likha gaya hai aur inaki sankhya 60 ki tiguni mani gee hai; par puranoan mean inhean kashyap aur diti ka putr likha gaya hai, jise usake vaimatrik bhaee iandr ne garbh mean katakar ek se unachas tuk de kar dale the, jo 49 marudh hue.

kashyap se aditi ko iandr samet adity janme the aur diti se daity hiranyakashyap aur hiranyaksh janme the, jinheanan vishnu ne mar giraya tha. tab apane hi sautele bete iandr par krodhit diti ne apane pati se aisa putr maanga jo iandr ka vadh kar sake. tab kashyap ne unhean ek aisa kathin vrat bataya, jisake karane par unhean aise putr ki prapti ho jati, jo iandr ko marakar iandr ban jata. halaanki usameanan ek shart bhi thi ki agar vah putr iandr se mitravat rahe to usake hi anuchar hokar rah jayeange, jise diti ne svikar kar liya.

diti vrat karane lagi, lekin iandr ko bhi isaki soochana chal gee. vah apani hi sauteli maan ki seva karane laga. diti ko nahian pata tha ki iandr ka sh dayantr kya hai. sanatan paramparaoanan mean vrat ki aur jine ki kuchh maryada sthapit ki gee haian, jaise dopahar mean n sona, khane se pahale paanv dhona, sone se pahale paanv dhona, bistar par gile pair n sona adi.

ek din thakakar diti dopahar mean hi bina pair dhoye so gee. iandr isi avasar ki talash mean the. unhoanne vayuroop mean apani mata ke sharir mean pravesh kar liya. garbh mean ghusakar apane hi bhaee par vajr prahar kiya, jisase vah and sat tuk doanan mean vibhakt ho gaya; lekin mara nahian. tab iandr ne phir prahar kiya to vah 49 ho ge. tab garbh ke un 49 aandoan ne iandr se prarthana ki ki- "ham to tumhare bhaee haian. hamean mat maro. ham tumhare mitravat raheange." tab iandr ko apane se ghrina huee aur pashchatap se bahar aye aur mata se kshama maangi. diti ne kshama kar diya. vah 49 bachche jab paida hue to iandr ke anuchar marudgan bane.

"hari prerit tehi avasar chale marut unachas." sundarakand ki is chaupaee mean un 49 marudganoan ka hi varnan hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sandarbh

sanbandhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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