अंधक  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg andhak ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- andhak (bahuvikalpi)

andhak madhu raja ke sau putron men jyeshth tha, jo ek yadavaraj tha. isi ke kul men shrikrishn paida hue the aur isi karan 'varshney' kahalae. inaka vnsh 'vrishni vnshiy yadav' kahalata tha. ye log dvarika men nivas karate the. prabhas kshetr men yadavon ke grih kalah men yah vnsh bhi samapt ho gaya. vrishni-ganarajy shoorasen-pradesh men sthit tha. vrishniyon ka tatha andhakon ka prachin sahity men sath-sath ullekh hai. panini [1] men vrishniyon tatha andhako ka ullekh hain.

Seealso.gifandhak ka ullekh in lekhon men bhi hai: vrishni sngh, krishn, mathura, braj ka adim kal evn braj

andhak ka varnan

  • kautily ke arthashastr [2] men vrishniyon ke sngh-rajy ka varnan hai.
  • mahabharat men andhak vrishniyon ka krishn ke snbndh men varnan hai.[3]
  • isi prasng men krishn ko sngh mukhy bhi kaha gaya hai jisase soochit hota hai ki vrishni tatha andhak ganajatiyon ke rajy the.[4]
  • vrishni rajgyaganasy bhubharasy. ' yah sikka vrishni-ganarajy dvara prachalit kiya gaya tha aur isaki tithi pratham ya dvitiy shati ee.poo. hai.[5]
  • andhak evn vrishni sngh sambhavatah yaduvnshiyon ke raja bhim satvat ke putron ke nam par bane the. krishn vrishni the evn ugrasen aur kns andhak the.
  • mathura men tirthnkar neminath bhi andhak kahe gaye hain. kuchh grnthon men krishn ko andhak bhi kaha gaya hai.
  • mathura andhak sngh ki rajadhani thi aur dvarika vrishniyon ki.
  • shri ram ke pashchath jab ayodhya ki gaddi par kush the aur lav yuvaraj the, tab mathura men bhim satvat ke putr andhak rajy karate the. unake bad andhak vnshiyon ka mathura par adhikar raha, jo ugrasen aur unake putr kns tak qayam raha tha. bhim satvat ke doosare putr ka nam vrishni tha. unake vnsh men utpann shoor ne shauripur (vartaman bateshvar) basa kar apana prithakh rajy sthapit kiya tha. shoor ke putr vasudev hue, jinake putr balaram tatha shri krishn the.

Blockquote-open.gif mahabharat shanti parv adhyay-82:

krishn:-

he devarshi ! jaise purush agni ki ichchha se arani kashth mathata hai; vaise hi un jati-logon ke kahe hue kathor vachan se mera hriday sada mathata tatha jalata hua rahata hai ॥6॥

he narad ! bade bhaee balaram sada bal se, gad sukumarata se aur pradyumn roop se matavale hue hai; isase in sahayakon ke hote hue bhi main asahay hua hoon. ॥7॥ age padhen:-krishn narad snvad Blockquote-close.gif

  • vaidik sahity men uttari panchal ke paurav-raja divodas aur unake vnshaj sudas ki vijay-gathaon ka ullekh milata hai. sudas ne hastinapur ke paurav raja snvaran ko unake nau sathi rajaon ki vishal sena sahit parajit kiya tha. 10 rajaon ke us bhishan sngharsh ko prachin vangmay men 'dashaharagy yuddh' kaha gaya hai. viravar sudas se parajit hone vale un nau rajaon men ek yadav naresh bhi tha.
  • shri krishnadatt vajapeyi ka anuman hai ki yadav raja bhim satvat ka putr andhak raha hoga, jo sudas ke samay yadavon ki mukhy shakha ka adhipati aur shoorasen janapad ke tatkalin ganarajy ka adhyaksh tha. vah snbhavat: apane pita bhim ke saman vir nahin tha. andhak ke vnsh men kukur hua tha. kukur ki kee pidhi ke bad ahuk hua, jisake do putr ugrasen aur devak hue the. ugrasen ka putr kns tha aur devak ki putri devaki thi. ugrasen, devak aur kns apane poorvaj andhak aur kukur ke nam par andhak vnshiy athava kukur vnshiy kahalate the. andhak ke bhaee vrishni ke do putr hue, jinake nam devamidhoosh aur yudhajit the. devamidhoosh ke putr shrvaphalk aur unake putr akroor the. vrishni ke vnshaj vashni vnshiy athava varshney kahalate the.
  • andhak aur vrishni vnshiy dvara shasit shoorasen pradeshantargat mathura aur shauripur ke donon rajy 'ganarajy' the. unaka shasan vnsh-parnparagat n hokar samay-samay par janata ke chune hue pratinidhiyon dvara hota tha. ve pratinidhi apane-apane ganon ke mukhiya hote the, aur raja kahalate the.
  • mahabharat yuddh se poorv un donon rajyon ka sngh tha, jo 'andhak-vrishni-sngh' kahalata tha. us sngh men andhakon ke mukhiya ahuk-putr ugrasen the aur vrishniyon ke shoor-putr vasudev the. us snghiy ganarajy ka rashtrapati ugrasen tha. is sngh rajy ke kendr mantriyon men ek uddhav bhi the. ugrasen ki bhatiji devaki ka vivah vasudev ke sath hua tha, jinake putr bhagavan krishn the. ugrasen ke putr kns ka vivah us kal ke sarvadhik shaktishali magadh samrajy ke adhipati jarasndh ki do putriyon ke sath hua tha. vasudev ki bahin kunti ka vivah kuru pradesh ke pratapi maharaja pandu ke sath hua tha, jinake putr suprasiddh pandav the. vasudev ki doosari bahin shrutashrava haihayavnshi chediraj damaghosh ko vyahi thi, jisaka putr shishupal tha. is prakar shoorasen pradesh ke yadavon ka parivarik snbndh bharatavarsh ke kee vikhyat rajyon ke adhipatiyon ke sath tha. ugrasen ka putr kns bada shooravir aur mahattvakankshi yuvak tha. phir unhen apane shvasur jarasndh ke apar sainy bal ka bhi abhiman tha. vah ganatntr ki apeksha rajatntr men vishvas rakhata tha. unhonne apane sathiyon ke sath sngh rajy ke viruddh upadrav karana arambh kiya. apani virata aur apane shvasur ki sahayata se unhonne apane pita ugrasen aur bahanoee vasudev ko shasanadhikar se vnchit kar unhen karagrih men band kar diya aur svayn andhak-vrishni sngh ka svechchhachari raja ban gaya tha. vah yadavon se ghrina karata tha aur apane ko yadav manane men lajjit hota tha. usane madandh hokar praja par nana prakar ke atyachar kiye the. ant men shri krishn dvara unaka ant hua tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. panini 4,1,114 tatha 6,2,34
  2. kautily ka arthashastr (pri. 12
  3. yadava: kukura bhoja: sarve chandhakavrishnay:, tvayyasakta: mahabaho lokalokeshvarashch ye.'mahabharat shanti. 81,29
  4. bhedadh vinash: snghanan snghamukhyoasi keshav' mahabharat shati. 81,25
  5. majumadar-karporet laiph in ainshent indiya–pri. 280

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