भीष्म

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chitr:Disamb2.jpg bhishm ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthoan ke lie dekhean:- bhishm (bahuvikalpi)


sankshipt parichay
bhishm
any nam pitamah bhishm, devavrat
vansh-gotr bharatavanshi
pita shantanu
mata ganga
janm vivaran ganga ke athavean putr ke roop mean bhishm ka janm hua tha.
samay-kal mahabharat kal
guru parashuram
vivah ajivan avivahit
vidya parangat dhanurvidya mean parangat
mahajanapad kuru
mrityu soory ke uttarayan hone par pitambaradhari shrikrishna ki chhavi ko apani aankhoan mean basakar mahatma bhishm ne apane nashvar sharir ka tyag kiya.
sanbandhit lekh mahabharat, amba, shikhandi, satyavati

bhishm mahabharat ke pramukh patr haian. ye maharaja shaantanu ke putr the. inaka vastavik nam devavrat tha. raja shaantanu ke b de bete bhishm ath vasuoan mean se the. apane pita ko diye gaye vachan ke karan inhoanne ajivan brahmachary ka vrat liya tha. inhean ichchhamrityu ka varadan prapt tha.

janm katha

ek bar hastinapur ke maharaj pratip ganga ke kinare tapasya kar rahe the. unake roop-saundary se mohit ho kar devi ganga unaki dahini jaangh par akar baith geean. maharaj yah dekh kar ashchary mean p d gaye tab ganga ne kaha, 'he rajanh! maian jahnu rrishi ki putri ganga hooan aur apase vivah karane ki abhilasha le kar apake pas aee hooan.' is par maharaj pratip bole, 'gange! tum meri dahini jaangh par baithi ho. patni ko to vamaangi hona chahiye, dahini jaangh to putr ka pratik hai atah maian tumhean apane putravadhoo ke roop mean svikar karata hooan.' yah sun kar ganga vahaan se chali geean. ab maharaj pratip ne putr prapti ke liye ghor tap karana arambh kar diya. unake tap ke phalasvaroop unhean putr ki prapti huee jisaka nam unhoanne shantanu rakha. shantanu ke yuva hone par use ganga ke sath vivah karane ka adesh de maharaj pratip svarg chale gaye.

devavrat ka janm

pita ke adesh ka palan karane ke liye shantanu ne ganga ke pas jakar unase vivah karane ke liye nivedan kiya. ganga bolian, “rajanh! maian apake sath vivah to kar sakati hooan kintu apako vachan dena hoga ki ap mere kisi bhi kary mean hastakshep nahian kareange.” shantanu ne ganga ke kahe anusar vachan de kar unase vivah kar liya. ganga ke garbh se maharaj shantanu ke ath putr huye jinamean se sat ko ganga ne ganga nadi mean le ja kar baha diya aur apane diye huye vachan mean bandhe hone ke karan maharaj shantanu kuchh bol n sake. jab ganga ka athavaan putr hua aur vah use bhi nadi mean bahane ke liye le jane lagi to raja shantanu se raha n gaya aur ve bole, “gange! tumane mere sat putroan ko nadi mean baha diya kintu apani pratijna ke anusar maianne kuchh n kaha. ab tum mere is athavean putr ko bhi bahane ja rahi ho. maian tumase prarthana karata hooan ki kripa karake ise nadi mean mat bahao.” yah sun kar ganga ne kaha, “rajanh! apane apani pratijna bhang kar di hai isaliye ab maian apake pas nahian rah sakati.” itana kah kar ganga apane putr ke sath antardhan ho geean. tatpashchath maharaj shantanu ne chhattis varsh brahmachary vrat dharan kar ke vyatit kar diye. phir ek din unhoanne ganga ke kinare ja kar ganga se kaha, “gange! aj meri ichchha us balak ko dekhane ki ho rahi hai jise tum apane sath le gee thian.” ganga ek sundar stri ke roop mean us balak ke sath prakat ho geean aur bolian, “rajanh! yah apaka putr hai tatha isaka nam devavrat hai, ise grahan karo. yah parakrami hone ke sath vidvanh bhi hoga. astr vidya mean yah parashuram ke saman hoga.” maharaj shantanu apane putr devavrat ko pakar atyant prasann huye aur use apane sath hastinapur lakar yuvaraj ghoshit kar diya.

bhishm: athavean vasu

ek bar apani grihini ke kahane se dyu namak vasu ne vashishth rrishi ki kamadhenu ka haran kar liya. isase vashishth rrishi ne dyu se kaha ki aisa kam to manushy kiya karate haian, isalie tum manushy ho jao. aant mean athoan vasuoan ne vashishthaji ki prarthana ki to unhoanne yah sahooliyat kar di ki any vasu to varsh ka aant hone par mere shap se chhutakara pa jaeange, kiantu dyu ko apani karani ka phal bhogane ke lie ek janm tak manushy-lok mean rahana p dega. yah sunakar vasuoan ne gangaji ke pas jakar unhean vashishthaji ke shap ka byora sunaya aur yah prarthana ki ki "ap mrityulok mean avatar lekar hamean garbh mean dharan karean aur jyoan hi ham janm lean, hamean pani mean dubo dean." gangaji ne svikar kar liya. ve yukti se shaantanu raja ki patni ban geean. shaantanu ne janm se pahale ganga ke garbh se jo sat putr paida hue the unhean utpann hote hi gangaji ne pani mean dubo diya tha. patni ke is vyavahar ko shaantanu raja achchha nahian samajhate the, kiantu ve kuchh rok-tok nahian kar sakate the. karan yah tha ki gangaji ne unase aise kamoan mean badha n dene ka vachan arambh mean hi le liya tha. aant mean athavian santan utpann hone par jab gangaji ne use bhi dubana chaha tab raja ne unako aisi nishthurata karane se roka. gangaji ne raja ki bat manakar vasuoan ko vashishth ke shap ka sab hal kah sunaya. phir ve raja ko vah turant ka upaja hua balak sauanpakar aantardhan ho geean. yahian balak dyunamak vasu tha jo age bhishm nam se prasiddh hua. shaantanu ne isaka nam devavrat rakha tha.

bhishm pratijna

ek din maharaj shantanu yamuna ke tat par ghoom rahe the ki unhean nadi mean nav chalate huye ek sundar kanya drishtigat huee. usake aang-aang se sugandh nikal rahi thi. maharaj ne us kanya se poochha, “he devi! tum kaun ho?” kanya ne bataya, “maharaj! mera nam satyavati hai aur maian nishad kanya hooan.” maharaj usake roop yauvan par rijh kar tatkal usake pita ke pas pahuanche aur satyavati ke sath apane vivah ka prastav kiya. is par dhianvar (nishad) bola, “rajanh! mujhe apani kanya ka apake sath vivah karane mean koee apatti nahian hai parantu apako meri kanya ke garbh se utpann putr ko hi apane rajy ka uttaradhikari banana hoga..” nishad ke in vachanoan ko sun kar maharaj shantanu chupachap hastinapur laut aye. [[chitr:Bhishma2.jpg|mahabharat yuddh mean shar shaiya par|thumb|300px]] satyavati ke viyog mean maharaj shantanu vyakul rahane lage. unaka sharir durbal hone laga. maharaj ki is dasha ko dekh kar devavrat ko b di chianta huee. jab unhean mantriyoan ke dvara pita ki is prakar ki dasha hone ka karan jnat hua to ve tatkal samast mantriyoan ke sath nishad ke ghar ja pahuanche aur unhoanne nishad se kaha,

“he nishad! ap saharsh apani putri satyavati ka vivah mere pita shantanu ke sath kar dean. maian apako vachan deta hooan ki apaki putri ke garbh se jo balak janm lega vahi rajy ka uttaradhikari hoga. kalantar mean meri koee santan apaki putri ke santan ka adhikar chhin n paye is karan se maian pratijna karata hooan ki maian ajanm avivahit rahooanga.”

unaki is pratijna ko sun kar nishad ne hath jo d kar kaha, “he devavrat! apaki yah pratijna abhootapoorv hai.” itana kah kar nishad ne tatkal apani putri satyavati ko devavrat tatha unake mantriyoan ke sath hastinapur bhej diya.

devavrat ne apani mata satyavati ko lakar apane pita shantanu ko sauanp diya. pita ne prasann hokar putr se kaha, “vats! toone pitribhakti ke vashibhoot hokar aisi pratijna ki hai jo n aj tak kisi ne ki hai aur n bhavishy mean karega. maian tujhe varadan deta hooan ki teri mrityu teri ichchha se hi hogi. teri is prakar ki pratijna karane ke karan too bhishm kahalayega aur teri pratijna bhishm pratijna ke nam se sadaiv prakhyat rahegi.”

parashuram se yuddh

satyavati ke garbh se maharaj shantanu ko chitraangad aur vichitraviry nam ke do putr hue. shaantanu ki mrityu ke bad chitraangad raja banaye gaye, kiantu gandharvoan ke sath yuddh mean unaki mrityu ho gayi. vichitraviry abhi balak the. unhean sianhasan par asin karake bhishm ji rajy ka kary dekhane lage. vichitraviry ke yuva hone par unake vivah ke liye kashiraj ki tin kanyaoan ka balapoorvak haran karake bhishmaji ne sansar ko apane astr-kaushal ka pratham parichay diya. b di rajakumari amba shalvaraj par anurakt hone se chho d di gee. any donoan (ambalika aur ambika) ka vivah vichitraviry ke sath kar diya gaya. abhi isake koee santan nahian huee thi ki yah chal basa. gaddi phir khali ho gee.

kashinaresh ki b di kanya amba shalv se prem karati thi, at: bhishm ne use vapas bhej diya kiantu shalv ne use svikar nahian kiya. amba ne apani durdasha ka karan bhishm ko samajhakar unaki shikayat parashuramaji se ki. parashuramaji ne bhishm se kaha ki 'tumane amba ka balapoorvak apaharan kiya hai, at: tumhean isase vivah karana hoga, anyatha mujhase yuddh ke liye taiyar ho jao.' parashuramaji se bhishm ka ikkis dinoan tak bhayanak yuddh hua. ant mean rrishiyoan ke kahane par lokakalyan ke liye parashuramaji ko hi yuddh-viram karana p da. bhishm apane pran par atal rahe.

satyavati ka anurodh

ab satyavati ne bhishm se bar-bar anurodh kiya ki pita ke vansh ki raksha karane ke lie tum vivah karake raj-pat sanbhalo, parantu bhishm tas se mas nahian hue. aant mean satyavati ne bhishm ki anumati lekar vedavyas ke dvara ambika aur ambalika ke garbh se yathakram dhritarashtr aur pandu nam ke putroan ko utpann karaya.

brahmachary palan aur krishnabhakti

bhishm ne dasharaj se ajanm avivahit rahane ki pratijna ki thi. is pratijna ka palan keval vivah se bache rahane se hi poora-poora nahian ho sakata tha. isaka palan to solah ane brahmachary ke niyamoan ka palan karane se hi ho sakata tha. atev bhishm ne vahian kiya. unhoanne stri-vishayak sabhi prakar ki ichchhaoan ko tyag diya. ve yogaroodh hokar brahm ka chiantan aur bhagavan ka bhajan kiya karate the. unake age shrikrishna abhi bachche hi the, phir bhi ve unako eeshvar ka avatar samajhate aur unaki bhakti kiya karate the. bhishm ki krishnabhakti ka udaharan prasiddh hi hai. shrikrishna ne nihatthe rahakar arjun ka rath haankane ki pratijna ki thi, kiantu bhishm ne unase shastr grahan karane ka pran kar liya. is sanbandh mean sooradasaji ka pad prasiddh hai:-

"aju jau harihian n sastr gahaooan. tau lajauan ganga janani kauan, santanu-sut n kahaooan."

aant mean bhakt ki laj rakhane ko jab shrikrishna chakr (rath ka pahiya) lekar dau d p de tab bhishm ne hathiyar rakh diye aur shrikrishna ke hath se mare jane mean apana ahobhagy samajha. aisa karake unhoanne shrikrishna ke astr dharan n karane ki pratijna ki bhi raksha kar li.

krishna ki pratijna ka khandan

mahabharat ke yuddh mean bhishm ko kaurav paksh ke pratham senanayak hone ka gaurav prapt hua. is yuddh mean bhagavan shrikrishna ne shastr n grahan karane ki pratijna ki thi. ek din bhishm ne bhagavan ko shastr grahan karane ki pratijna kar li. inhoanne arjun ko apani ban-varsha se vyakul kar diya. bhaktavatsal bhagavan ne bhakt ke pran ki raksha ke liye apani pratijna ko bhang kar diya aur rath ka toota hua pahiya lekar bhishm ki or dau d p de. bhishm bhagavan ki is bhaktavatsalata par mugdh ho gaye. kiantu is prakar unhoanne shrikrishna ki pratijna khandit kar di.

kurukshetr ka yuddh

kurukshetr ka yuddh arambh hone par pradhan senapati ki haisiyat se bhishm ne das din tak ghor yuddh kiya tha. isamean unhoanne pandavoan ke bahutere senapatiyoan aur sainikoan ko mar giraya tha. itane par bhi duryodhan unase kaha karata tha ki pandavoan ke sath pakshapat karane ke karan ap ji kholakar yuddh nahian karate. isase khinn hokar unhoanne duryodhan ko dhikkar dete hue kaha ki apane bhujabal ke bharose par pandavoan ko to ek din vijay milegi hi. unake krodhanal mean bhasm hone se tumako ek bhi maharathi n bacha sakega. yah sach hai ki pandavoan par pitamah ki kripadrishti thi, kiantu isaka yah matalab nahian ki ve duryodhan ke sath daga kar rahe the.

yudhishthir ko diya vijay-prapti ka upay

pratidin bhishm ke hathoan bahut se senapatiyoan aur sainikoan ka vinash hote dekh yudhishthir ne apane bhaiyoan aur shrikrishna se poochha ki kya karane se pitamah ko yuddh se alag kiya jay. yuddh chhi dane se pratham shrikrishna ne pratijna ki thi ki is samarabhoomi mean rahakar bhi hathiyar n chhueange, kiantu is samay yah kathinaee dekhakar unhoanne kaha ki to phir hamian bhishm se loha leange-pratijna ko to deange. yudhishthir ne shrikrishna ko aisa n karane dekar kaha ki pitamah bhale hi duryodhan ki or se yuddh karate rahean, par ve hamare bhale ki salah dene se n chookeange. isake lie ve mujhe vachan de chuke haian. isalie chalo, unhian se upay poochhean. yuddh mean ham unhian ke bataye upay se kam leange. ab pandav log shrikrishna ko sath lekar pitamah ke pas pahuanche aur pranam karake bole ki apase ab tak jis dridhata se yuddh kiya hai. vaisa hi ap karate raheange to ham log vijayi nahian ho sakate. atev aisa upay batalaie ki apaka vadh kaise ho sakata hai.

bhishm ne kaha- maian jis samay hath me astr lekar yuddh karata hooan us samay mujhe devata tak jit nahian sakate. mere hathiyar rakh dene par hi ve mujh par vijay pa sakate haian. jisake pas shastr kavach aur dhvaja nahian hai, jo gir p da ho, bhag raha ho athava dar gaya ho us par maian hath nahian uthata. isake siva stri-jati, stri-sadrish- namadhari, aangahin, ekamatr putr ke pita tatha sharanagat vyakti ke sath bhi maian yuddh nahian karata. amangal-chinh-yukt dhvaj ko dekhakar bhi yuddh n karane ka maianne niyam kiya tha. tumhari sena mean ek maharathi shikhandi hai. vah pahale stri tha, ab purush ban gaya hai. usako age karake arjun mere oopar prahar kare. shikhandi se maian yuddh karooanga nahian aur arjun ki chotean mere oopar karagar ho jaeangi. bas, vijay-prapti ka yahian upay hai.

shikhandi aur bhishm

agale din se shrikrishna ne isi upay ka prayog karaya. arjun ke oopar bhishm is dar se prahar nahian karate the ki kahian shikhandi par var n ho jay aur udhar shikhandi tatha arjun donoan hi kasakar chotean kar rahe the. in logoan ki mar se bhishm ki deh mean aisa do aangul sthan bhi nahian bacha jahaan ghav n ho. behatar ghayal ho jane par bhishm dasavean din, din doobane se kuchh pahale, poorv ki or mastak karake sharashayyagat ho gaye. is yuddh mean unhoanne avashy hi shikhandi par shastr nahian chalaya, kiantu kauravoan ke anyany maharathiyoan ne unaki raksha karane ke yatn mean kuchh kasar nahian ki thi. bhishm ka patan hone par svarg aur martyalok mean hahakar hone laga. bhishm ka poora sharir to banoan par rakha hua tha, keval mastak-koee sahara n rahane se-niche ki or latak raha tha. is samay soory ko dakshinayan mean dekhakar bhishm ne uchit avasar ki pratiksha mean pranoan ko rok liya. gangaji ke kahane se manas-sarovar-nivasi rrishi log, hans ka roop dharan karake, is samay bhishm ke pas aye the. unako pitamah ne yahian uttar diya tha ki soory jab tak dakshinayan mean raheange tab tak maian sharir nahian chhodooanga, uttarayan ane par hi maian apane prachin pad ko prapt karooanga. pita se mujhe svechchha-mrityu ka varadan mila hai, usi ke prabhav se mujhe mrityu par adhikar mila hua hai. maian jab tak ichchha n karooanga, marane ka nahian. sharashayya par p de hue bhishm pitamah, yog ka avalamban karake, jap karane lage.

aantim samay

bhishm ke patan ki khabar phailane par kauravoan ki sena mean hahakar mach gaya aur pandavoan ke yahaan khushi manaee jane lagi. donoan daloan ke sainik aur senapati log yuddh karana chho dakar bhishm ke pas ekatr ho gaye. unase, yathayogy abhivadan karake bhishm ne kaha ki rajanyagan. mera sir niche latak raha hai. mujhe upayukt takiya chahie. rajanyagan moolyavan tarah-tarah ke takiye le aye. kiantu bhishm ne unamean se ek ek ko bhi n lekar, muskurakar, kaha ki ye takiye is vir shayya ke kam mean ane yogy nahian haian. phir arjun ki or dekhakar kaha ki beta, tum kshatradharm ke janakar ho. mujhe upayukt takiya do. ajna pate hi arjun ne unako abhivadan kar b di tezi se aise tin ban mare jo unake mathe mean chhidakar prithvi mean ja lage. bas, mathe ko sahara mil gaya. in banoan ka adhar mil jane se sir ke latakate rahane ki pi da jati rahi. isase prasann hokar bhishm ne arjun se kaha ki jo tum takiya n dete to maian kruddh hokar shap de deta. phir unhoanne rajaoan se kaha ki uttarayan ane tak maian isi sharashayya par rahooanga. mere charoan or khaee khudava do. maian soory ki upasana karata rahooanga. ab tum log vair-virodh chho dakar yuddh band kar do.

isi samay, apana sab saman liye hue, shaly nikalane vale chatur chikitsak log a gaye. unako dekhakar bhishm ne duryodhan se kaha ki mujhe kshatriyoan ki param gati mil chuki hai. ab chikitsakoan ki kya avashyakata? maian to in sab banoan samet jalaya jaooanga. in chikitsakoan ko puraskar dekar adar ke sath vida kar do. pitamah ki ye batean sunakar aur unaka dharmasangat vyavahar dekhakar raja lok unako pranam aur pradakshina kar-karake apani-apani chhavaniyoan mean laut gaye.

agale din sabera hone par phir kshatriy yoddha log aye. unake sath-sath hazaroan kshatriy-kanyaean bhi aeean. baje bajane vale, nat, nartak aur karigar adi pitamah ke pas aye aur unake charoan or chupachap kh de ho gaye. astroan ki chotoan ke karan bhishm ko b di pi da ho rahi thi. unhoanne rajaoan se pine ke lie thanda pani maanga to log charoan or se tarah-tarah ki khane ki vastuean aur gh doan mean thanda pani le-lekar dau d p de. is par bhishm ne kaha- "bhoopatiyo! sharashayya par let jane se ab maian manushy-lok se alag ho chuka. maian to keval soory ke parivartan-kal ki bat joh raha hooan. ap log mere lie yah kya le aye!" ab unhoanne arjun ko dekhana chaha. ajna pate hi arjun bhishm ke age namrata ke sath ja kh de hue. bhishm ne unase kaha ki tumhare banoan se chhida hua mera sharir mano jala ja raha hai. marmasthanoan mean pi da ho rahi hai. muanh sookh raha hai. maian bahut vyakul ho raha hooan. tum samarth ho, mujhe pani pilao.

arjun ne chatapat rath par savar hokar gandiv ke oopar pratyancha chadhaee. phir bhishm ki pradakshina karake vidhipoorvak parjanyastr ka prayog kiya aur bhishm ki dahini or prithvi mean ban mara. bat ki bat mean vahaan se amrit-tuly, sugandhit, badhiya jal ki dhara nikalane lagi. us pani ko pikar bhishm tript ho gaye. unhoanne arjun ki bahut prashansa ki aur duryodhan ko bar-bar samajhaya ki hamari yah gati dekhakar sanbhal jao. yuddh band karake vansh ki raksha kar lo.

agale din pitamah ke pas karn gaya. use bhi bhishm ne yuddh rokava dene ki salah di. usake asvikar karane par unhoanne kaha ki yadi tum vair-virodh chho dana nahian chahate to sadachar-parayan hokar, apane utsah aur shakti ke anusar, duryodhan ka kam sanbhalo aur dharmayuddh karake kshatriyoan ke lokoan ko prapt karo. sandhi karane ki cheshta karane mean maianne kuchh utha nahian rakha, kiantu mujhe saphalata nahian mili.

pitamah se vivad ho jane ke karan unake senapatitv mean karn ne yadyapi ek chianti ko bhi nahian mara tha, phir bhi unhean dharashayi dekhakar vah vikal ho gaya. ashchary nahian ki use jhag da kar lene ke lie pachhatava bhi hua ho. usane bar-bar pitamah ki shoorata ki sarahana ki. sach hai, vir ka adar vir ke siva aur kaun kar sakata hai? usane svikar kiya ki ap ke bina ham sabaki shochaniy dasha ho gee hai. ab vah astr-shastroan se sajjit hokar yuddh karane ko taiyar hua.

kurukshetr ke sangram mean vijayi hone ke pashchath yudhishthir ko is bat ka b da pashchattap hua ki unhian ke karan unake sage-sanbandhiyoan aur putroan ke pran gaye. isase udas ho unhoanne jite hue rajy ko chho d-chha dakar sannyasi hone ka vichar kar liya. pandavoan samet shrikrishna ne aur devavyas prabhriti hitaishiyoan ne unhean tarah-tarah se samajhaya. phir unhoanne pitamah ke pas upadesh pane ke lie inhean bheja. bhishm yadyapi sharashayya par p de hue the phir bhi unhoanne-shrikrishna ke kahane se-yudhishthir ka shok door karane ke lie rajadharm, mokshadharm aur apaddharm adi ka moolyavan upadesh b de vistar ke sath diya. is upadesh ko sunane se yudhishthir ke man se glani door ho gee.

soory ke uttarayan hone par yudhishthir adi sage-sanbandhi, purohit aur anyany log bhishm ke pas pahuanche. un sabase pitamah ne kaha ki is sharashayya par mujhe atthavan din ho gayean. mere bhagy se magh mahine ka shukl paksh a gaya. ab maian sharir tyagana chahata hooan. isake pashchath unhoanne sab logoan se premapoorvak vida maangakar sharir chho dane ke lie yog kriya arambh kar di. pranavayu ko rokakar ve use jis-jis aang ke oopar chadhate jate aur ghav bhar jate the. tho di hi der mean unake sharir ke sab ghav bhar gaye aur pran-vayu brahmarandhr ko pho dakar nikal gaya. [[chitr:Bhishma-And-Yudhisthira.jpg|thumb|300px|left|mahabharat yuddh mean shar shaiya par pitamah bhishm]]

sharir ka tyag

atharah dinoan ke yuddh mean das dinoan tak akele ghamasan yuddh karake bhishm ne pandav paksh ko vyakul kar diya aur ant mean shikhandi ke madhyam se apani mrityu ka upay svayan batakar mahabharat ke is adbhut yoddha ne sharashayya par shayan kiya. shastr aur shastr ke is soory ko ast hote hue dekhakar bhagavan shrikrishna ne inake madhyam se yudhishthir ko dharm ke samast aangoan ka upadesh dilavaya. yudhishthir tatha shesh pandavoan ne bhi sheyya par p de hue pitamah bhishm ke charan-sparsh kie. bhishm ne yudhishthir ko tarah-tarah ke upadesh die. agale din jab soory 'uttarayan' ho gaya, uchit samay janakar yudhishthir sabhi bhaiyoan, dhritarashtr, gaandhari evan kuanti ko sath lekar bhishm ke pas pahuanche. bhishm ne sabako upadesh diya tatha atthavan din tak shar-shaiyya par p de rahane ke bad mahaprayan kiya. soory ke uttarayan hone par pitambaradhari shrikrishna ki chhavi ko apani aankhoan mean basakar mahatma bhishm ne apane nashvar sharir ka tyag kiya tha. sabhi log bhishm ko yad kar rone lage. yudhishthir tatha paandavoan ne pitamah ke sharaviddh shav ko chandan ki chita par rakha tatha dah-sanskar kiya.

aitihasik tathy aur sandarbh

shriyuth vaidy mahashy ne hisab lagakar batalaya hai ki kurukshetr vale yuddh mean bhishm dedh sau varsh ke the. phir bhi ve yuvakoan ki bhaanti phurti se yuddh karate the. isamean kuchh achambha nahian hai. buddhe hiandenabarg adi ne bhi to yahian kar dikhaya hai. san eesavi se lagabhag 300 varsh pahale sikandar ne bharatavarsh par akraman kiya tha. us samay ke yoonaniyoan ko bharat mean do-do sau varsh ki ayuvale log mile the. phir mahabharat-yuddh ke samay bhishm jaise b di umravale logoan ke yuddh karane mean achambha hi kya rah jata hai? is yuddh ke samay arjun pachapan varsh ke the. ve jis samay himalay se hastinapur mean aye us samay paanch varsh ke mane jaean to manana p dega ki pandu chalis varsh ki ayu mean aur unake pita vichitraviry 30 varsh ki umr mean mare hoange. is drishti se maloom p data hai ki jis samay bhishm ko raj-kaj sanbhalate sattar varsh ho gaye the arthath us samay bhishm sau varsh ke the. unhoanne koee ek sau bis varsh tak nirlipt rahakar raj-kaj sanbhala tha. is karan rajaniti ke daanv-peanch samajhane mean unase adhik kushal aur kaun ho sakata tha? isi karan vyasaji ne sari rajaniti ka upadesh bhishm ke muanh se hi dilavaya hai aur sauti ne bhi tattvajnan ka upadesh unhian se dilavana thik samajha. ek prashn yah hai ki jab duryodhan ne bhishm ka upadesh nahian mana tab bhishm ne usaki or se yuddh kyoan kiya. vastav mean unaka kam raja ko usaki bhool sujha dena bhar tha. aantim nirnay to raja hi kar sakata hai. raja ko devata ka aansh manane ki dharana hamari bahut purani hai. phir jisaka namak itane dinoan khaya tha usako chho dakar kaise ja sakate the? yadi yah kaha jay ki inhoanne kisi doosare ka namak nahian khaya, apana hi khaya tha, to yah bhi thik nahian kyoanki ek bar jab ye apana rajagaddi ka adhikar chho d chuke tab inaka prabhutv rah hi kahaan gaya?

yadi yah kahean ki kaurav-pandavoan ka bantavara hote samay nee rajadhani sthapit hone par ye pandavoan ke yahaan kyoan n chale gaye to isaka uttar yah hai ki purana sthan chho dane ki avashyakata hi kya thi? us samay yahian kahaan nishchay hua tha ki kaurav log aise hathi aur adharmi haian? atev akaran purane ashray ko chho d naye ki khushamat karane ki jhanjhat kaun mol leta? phir yuddh to unhean us or se bhi karana p data. haan, tab yah kahane ko hota ki unhoanne atyachar aur anyay ke viruddh hathiyar uthaya.

sanbandhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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