भीष्म  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg bhishm ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- bhishm (bahuvikalpi)


snkshipt parichay
bhishm
Bhishma1.jpg
any nam pitamah bhishm, devavrat
vnsh-gotr bharatavnshi
pita shantanu
mata gnga
janm vivaran gnga ke athaven putr ke roop men bhishm ka janm hua tha.
samay-kal mahabharat kal
guru parashuram
vivah ajivan avivahit
vidya parngat dhanurvidya men parngat
mahajanapad kuru
mrityu soory ke uttarayan hone par pitambaradhari shrikrishn ki chhavi ko apani ankhon men basakar mahatma bhishm ne apane nashvar sharir ka tyag kiya.
snbndhit lekh mahabharat, amba, shikhandi, satyavati

bhishm mahabharat ke pramukh patr hain. ye maharaja shantanu ke putr the. inaka vastavik nam devavrat tha. raja shantanu ke bade bete bhishm ath vasuon men se the. apane pita ko diye gaye vachan ke karan inhonne ajivan brahmachary ka vrat liya tha. inhen ichchhamrityu ka varadan prapt tha.

janm katha

ek bar hastinapur ke maharaj pratip gnga ke kinare tapasya kar rahe the. unake roop-saundary se mohit ho kar devi gnga unaki dahini jangh par akar baith geen. maharaj yah dekh kar ashchary men pad gaye tab gnga ne kaha, 'he rajanh! main jahnu rishi ki putri gnga hoon aur apase vivah karane ki abhilasha le kar apake pas aee hoon.' is par maharaj pratip bole, 'gnge! tum meri dahini jangh par baithi ho. patni ko to vamangi hona chahiye, dahini jangh to putr ka pratik hai atah main tumhen apane putravadhoo ke roop men svikar karata hoon.' yah sun kar gnga vahan se chali geen. ab maharaj pratip ne putr prapti ke liye ghor tap karana arambh kar diya. unake tap ke phalasvaroop unhen putr ki prapti huee jisaka nam unhonne shantanu rakha. shantanu ke yuva hone par use gnga ke sath vivah karane ka adesh de maharaj pratip svarg chale gaye.

devavrat ka janm

pita ke adesh ka palan karane ke liye shantanu ne gnga ke pas jakar unase vivah karane ke liye nivedan kiya. gnga bolin, “rajanh! main apake sath vivah to kar sakati hoon kintu apako vachan dena hoga ki ap mere kisi bhi kary men hastakshep nahin karenge.” shantanu ne gnga ke kahe anusar vachan de kar unase vivah kar liya. gnga ke garbh se maharaj shantanu ke ath putr huye jinamen se sat ko gnga ne gnga nadi men le ja kar baha diya aur apane diye huye vachan men bndhe hone ke karan maharaj shantanu kuchh bol n sake. jab gnga ka athavan putr hua aur vah use bhi nadi men bahane ke liye le jane lagi to raja shantanu se raha n gaya aur ve bole, “gnge! tumane mere sat putron ko nadi men baha diya kintu apani pratigya ke anusar mainne kuchh n kaha. ab tum mere is athaven putr ko bhi bahane ja rahi ho. main tumase prarthana karata hoon ki kripa karake ise nadi men mat bahao.” yah sun kar gnga ne kaha, “rajanh! apane apani pratigya bhng kar di hai isaliye ab main apake pas nahin rah sakati.” itana kah kar gnga apane putr ke sath antardhan ho geen. tatpashchath maharaj shantanu ne chhattis varsh brahmachary vrat dharan kar ke vyatit kar diye. phir ek din unhonne gnga ke kinare ja kar gnga se kaha, “gnge! aj meri ichchha us balak ko dekhane ki ho rahi hai jise tum apane sath le gee thin.” gnga ek sundar stri ke roop men us balak ke sath prakat ho geen aur bolin, “rajanh! yah apaka putr hai tatha isaka nam devavrat hai, ise grahan karo. yah parakrami hone ke sath vidvanh bhi hoga. astr vidya men yah parashuram ke saman hoga.” maharaj shantanu apane putr devavrat ko pakar atyant prasann huye aur use apane sath hastinapur lakar yuvaraj ghoshit kar diya.

bhishm: athaven vasu

ek bar apani grihini ke kahane se dyu namak vasu ne vashishth rishi ki kamadhenu ka haran kar liya. isase vashishth rishi ne dyu se kaha ki aisa kam to manushy kiya karate hain, isalie tum manushy ho jao. ant men athon vasuon ne vashishthaji ki prarthana ki to unhonne yah sahooliyat kar di ki any vasu to varsh ka ant hone par mere shap se chhutakara pa jaenge, kintu dyu ko apani karani ka phal bhogane ke lie ek janm tak manushy-lok men rahana padega. yah sunakar vasuon ne gngaji ke pas jakar unhen vashishthaji ke shap ka byora sunaya aur yah prarthana ki ki "ap mrityulok men avatar lekar hamen garbh men dharan karen aur jyon hi ham janm len, hamen pani men dubo den." gngaji ne svikar kar liya. ve yukti se shantanu raja ki patni ban geen. shantanu ne janm se pahale gnga ke garbh se jo sat putr paida hue the unhen utpann hote hi gngaji ne pani men dubo diya tha. patni ke is vyavahar ko shantanu raja achchha nahin samajhate the, kintu ve kuchh rok-tok nahin kar sakate the. karan yah tha ki gngaji ne unase aise kamon men badha n dene ka vachan arambh men hi le liya tha. ant men athavin sntan utpann hone par jab gngaji ne use bhi dubana chaha tab raja ne unako aisi nishthurata karane se roka. gngaji ne raja ki bat manakar vasuon ko vashishth ke shap ka sab hal kah sunaya. phir ve raja ko vah turnt ka upaja hua balak saunpakar antardhan ho geen. yahin balak dyunamak vasu tha jo age bhishm nam se prasiddh hua. shantanu ne isaka nam devavrat rakha tha.

bhishm pratigya

ek din maharaj shantanu yamuna ke tat par ghoom rahe the ki unhen nadi men nav chalate huye ek sundar kanya drishtigat huee. usake ang-ang se sugandh nikal rahi thi. maharaj ne us kanya se poochha, “he devi! tum kaun ho?” kanya ne bataya, “maharaj! mera nam satyavati hai aur main nishad kanya hoon.” maharaj usake roop yauvan par rijh kar tatkal usake pita ke pas pahunche aur satyavati ke sath apane vivah ka prastav kiya. is par dhinvar (nishad) bola, “rajanh! mujhe apani kanya ka apake sath vivah karane men koee apatti nahin hai parantu apako meri kanya ke garbh se utpann putr ko hi apane rajy ka uttaradhikari banana hoga..” nishad ke in vachanon ko sun kar maharaj shantanu chupachap hastinapur laut aye.

mahabharat yuddh men shar shaiya par

satyavati ke viyog men maharaj shantanu vyakul rahane lage. unaka sharir durbal hone laga. maharaj ki is dasha ko dekh kar devavrat ko badi chinta huee. jab unhen mantriyon ke dvara pita ki is prakar ki dasha hone ka karan gyat hua to ve tatkal samast mantriyon ke sath nishad ke ghar ja pahunche aur unhonne nishad se kaha,

“he nishad! ap saharsh apani putri satyavati ka vivah mere pita shantanu ke sath kar den. main apako vachan deta hoon ki apaki putri ke garbh se jo balak janm lega vahi rajy ka uttaradhikari hoga. kalantar men meri koee santan apaki putri ke santan ka adhikar chhin n paye is karan se main pratigya karata hoon ki main ajanm avivahit rahoonga.”

unaki is pratigya ko sun kar nishad ne hath jod kar kaha, “he devavrat! apaki yah pratigya abhootapoorv hai.” itana kah kar nishad ne tatkal apani putri satyavati ko devavrat tatha unake mantriyon ke sath hastinapur bhej diya.

devavrat ne apani mata satyavati ko lakar apane pita shantanu ko saunp diya. pita ne prasann hokar putr se kaha, “vats! toone pitribhakti ke vashibhoot hokar aisi pratigya ki hai jo n aj tak kisi ne ki hai aur n bhavishy men karega. main tujhe varadan deta hoon ki teri mrityu teri ichchha se hi hogi. teri is prakar ki pratigya karane ke karan too bhishm kahalayega aur teri pratigya bhishm pratigya ke nam se sadaiv prakhyat rahegi.”

parashuram se yuddh

satyavati ke garbh se maharaj shantanu ko chitrangad aur vichitraviry nam ke do putr hue. shantanu ki mrityu ke bad chitrangad raja banaye gaye, kintu gandharvon ke sath yuddh men unaki mrityu ho gayi. vichitraviry abhi balak the. unhen sinhasan par asin karake bhishm ji rajy ka kary dekhane lage. vichitraviry ke yuva hone par unake vivah ke liye kashiraj ki tin kanyaon ka balapoorvak haran karake bhishmaji ne snsar ko apane astr-kaushal ka pratham parichay diya. badi rajakumari amba shalvaraj par anurakt hone se chhod di gee. any donon (ambalika aur ambika) ka vivah vichitraviry ke sath kar diya gaya. abhi isake koee sntan nahin huee thi ki yah chal basa. gaddi phir khali ho gee.

kashinaresh ki badi kanya amba shalv se prem karati thi, at: bhishm ne use vapas bhej diya kintu shalv ne use svikar nahin kiya. amba ne apani durdasha ka karan bhishm ko samajhakar unaki shikayat parashuramaji se ki. parashuramaji ne bhishm se kaha ki 'tumane amba ka balapoorvak apaharan kiya hai, at: tumhen isase vivah karana hoga, anyatha mujhase yuddh ke liye taiyar ho jao.' parashuramaji se bhishm ka ikkis dinon tak bhayanak yuddh hua. ant men rishiyon ke kahane par lokakalyan ke liye parashuramaji ko hi yuddh-viram karana pada. bhishm apane pran par atal rahe.

satyavati ka anurodh

ab satyavati ne bhishm se bar-bar anurodh kiya ki pita ke vnsh ki raksha karane ke lie tum vivah karake raj-pat snbhalo, parntu bhishm tas se mas nahin hue. ant men satyavati ne bhishm ki anumati lekar vedavyas ke dvara ambika aur ambalika ke garbh se yathakram dhritarashtr aur pandu nam ke putron ko utpann karaya.

brahmachary palan aur krishnabhakti

bhishm ne dasharaj se ajanm avivahit rahane ki pratigya ki thi. is pratigya ka palan keval vivah se bache rahane se hi poora-poora nahin ho sakata tha. isaka palan to solah ane brahmachary ke niyamon ka palan karane se hi ho sakata tha. atev bhishm ne vahin kiya. unhonne stri-vishayak sabhi prakar ki ichchhaon ko tyag diya. ve yogaroodh hokar brahm ka chintan aur bhagavan ka bhajan kiya karate the. unake age shrikrishn abhi bachche hi the, phir bhi ve unako eeshvar ka avatar samajhate aur unaki bhakti kiya karate the. bhishm ki krishnabhakti ka udaharan prasiddh hi hai. shrikrishn ne nihatthe rahakar arjun ka rath hankane ki pratigya ki thi, kintu bhishm ne unase shastr grahan karane ka pran kar liya. is snbndh men sooradasaji ka pad prasiddh hai:-

"aju jau harihin n sastr gahaoon. tau lajaun gnga janani kaun, sntanu-sut n kahaoon."

ant men bhakt ki laj rakhane ko jab shrikrishn chakr (rath ka pahiya) lekar daud pade tab bhishm ne hathiyar rakh diye aur shrikrishn ke hath se mare jane men apana ahobhagy samajha. aisa karake unhonne shrikrishn ke astr dharan n karane ki pratigya ki bhi raksha kar li.

krishn ki pratigya ka khndan

mahabharat ke yuddh men bhishm ko kaurav paksh ke pratham senanayak hone ka gaurav prapt hua. is yuddh men bhagavan shrikrishn ne shastr n grahan karane ki pratigya ki thi. ek din bhishm ne bhagavan ko shastr grahan karane ki pratigya kar li. inhonne arjun ko apani ban-varsha se vyakul kar diya. bhaktavatsal bhagavan ne bhakt ke pran ki raksha ke liye apani pratigya ko bhng kar diya aur rath ka toota hua pahiya lekar bhishm ki or daud pade. bhishm bhagavan ki is bhaktavatsalata par mugdh ho gaye. kintu is prakar unhonne shrikrishn ki pratigya khndit kar di.

kurukshetr ka yuddh

kurukshetr ka yuddh arambh hone par pradhan senapati ki haisiyat se bhishm ne das din tak ghor yuddh kiya tha. isamen unhonne pandavon ke bahutere senapatiyon aur sainikon ko mar giraya tha. itane par bhi duryodhan unase kaha karata tha ki pandavon ke sath pakshapat karane ke karan ap ji kholakar yuddh nahin karate. isase khinn hokar unhonne duryodhan ko dhikkar dete hue kaha ki apane bhujabal ke bharose par pandavon ko to ek din vijay milegi hi. unake krodhanal men bhasm hone se tumako ek bhi maharathi n bacha sakega. yah sach hai ki pandavon par pitamah ki kripadrishti thi, kintu isaka yah matalab nahin ki ve duryodhan ke sath daga kar rahe the.

yudhishthir ko diya vijay-prapti ka upay

pratidin bhishm ke hathon bahut se senapatiyon aur sainikon ka vinash hote dekh yudhishthir ne apane bhaiyon aur shrikrishn se poochha ki kya karane se pitamah ko yuddh se alag kiya jay. yuddh chhidane se pratham shrikrishn ne pratigya ki thi ki is samarabhoomi men rahakar bhi hathiyar n chhuenge, kintu is samay yah kathinaee dekhakar unhonne kaha ki to phir hamin bhishm se loha lenge-pratigya ko todenge. yudhishthir ne shrikrishn ko aisa n karane dekar kaha ki pitamah bhale hi duryodhan ki or se yuddh karate rahen, par ve hamare bhale ki salah dene se n chookenge. isake lie ve mujhe vachan de chuke hain. isalie chalo, unhin se upay poochhen. yuddh men ham unhin ke bataye upay se kam lenge. ab pandav log shrikrishn ko sath lekar pitamah ke pas pahunche aur pranam karake bole ki apase ab tak jis dridhata se yuddh kiya hai. vaisa hi ap karate rahenge to ham log vijayi nahin ho sakate. atev aisa upay batalaie ki apaka vadh kaise ho sakata hai.

bhishm ne kaha- main jis samay hath me astr lekar yuddh karata hoon us samay mujhe devata tak jit nahin sakate. mere hathiyar rakh dene par hi ve mujh par vijay pa sakate hain. jisake pas shastr kavach aur dhvaja nahin hai, jo gir pada ho, bhag raha ho athava dar gaya ho us par main hath nahin uthata. isake siva stri-jati, stri-sadrish- namadhari, angahin, ekamatr putr ke pita tatha sharanagat vyakti ke sath bhi main yuddh nahin karata. amngal-chinh-yukt dhvaj ko dekhakar bhi yuddh n karane ka mainne niyam kiya tha. tumhari sena men ek maharathi shikhandi hai. vah pahale stri tha, ab purush ban gaya hai. usako age karake arjun mere oopar prahar kare. shikhandi se main yuddh karoonga nahin aur arjun ki choten mere oopar karagar ho jaengi. bas, vijay-prapti ka yahin upay hai.

shikhandi aur bhishm

agale din se shrikrishn ne isi upay ka prayog karaya. arjun ke oopar bhishm is dar se prahar nahin karate the ki kahin shikhandi par var n ho jay aur udhar shikhandi tatha arjun donon hi kasakar choten kar rahe the. in logon ki mar se bhishm ki deh men aisa do angul sthan bhi nahin bacha jahan ghav n ho. behatar ghayal ho jane par bhishm dasaven din, din doobane se kuchh pahale, poorv ki or mastak karake sharashayyagat ho gaye. is yuddh men unhonne avashy hi shikhandi par shastr nahin chalaya, kintu kauravon ke anyany maharathiyon ne unaki raksha karane ke yatn men kuchh kasar nahin ki thi. bhishm ka patan hone par svarg aur martyalok men hahakar hone laga. bhishm ka poora sharir to banon par rakha hua tha, keval mastak-koee sahara n rahane se-niche ki or latak raha tha. is samay soory ko dakshinayan men dekhakar bhishm ne uchit avasar ki pratiksha men pranon ko rok liya. gngaji ke kahane se manas-sarovar-nivasi rishi log, hns ka roop dharan karake, is samay bhishm ke pas aye the. unako pitamah ne yahin uttar diya tha ki soory jab tak dakshinayan men rahenge tab tak main sharir nahin chhodoonga, uttarayan ane par hi main apane prachin pad ko prapt karoonga. pita se mujhe svechchha-mrityu ka varadan mila hai, usi ke prabhav se mujhe mrityu par adhikar mila hua hai. main jab tak ichchha n karoonga, marane ka nahin. sharashayya par pade hue bhishm pitamah, yog ka avalamban karake, jap karane lage.

antim samay

bhishm ke patan ki khabar phailane par kauravon ki sena men hahakar mach gaya aur pandavon ke yahan khushi manaee jane lagi. donon dalon ke sainik aur senapati log yuddh karana chhodakar bhishm ke pas ekatr ho gaye. unase, yathayogy abhivadan karake bhishm ne kaha ki rajanyagan. mera sir niche latak raha hai. mujhe upayukt takiya chahie. rajanyagan moolyavan tarah-tarah ke takiye le aye. kintu bhishm ne unamen se ek ek ko bhi n lekar, muskurakar, kaha ki ye takiye is vir shayya ke kam men ane yogy nahin hain. phir arjun ki or dekhakar kaha ki beta, tum kshatradharm ke janakar ho. mujhe upayukt takiya do. agya pate hi arjun ne unako abhivadan kar badi tezi se aise tin ban mare jo unake mathe men chhidakar prithvi men ja lage. bas, mathe ko sahara mil gaya. in banon ka adhar mil jane se sir ke latakate rahane ki pida jati rahi. isase prasann hokar bhishm ne arjun se kaha ki jo tum takiya n dete to main kruddh hokar shap de deta. phir unhonne rajaon se kaha ki uttarayan ane tak main isi sharashayya par rahoonga. mere charon or khaee khudava do. main soory ki upasana karata rahoonga. ab tum log vair-virodh chhodakar yuddh band kar do.

isi samay, apana sab saman liye hue, shaly nikalane vale chatur chikitsak log a gaye. unako dekhakar bhishm ne duryodhan se kaha ki mujhe kshatriyon ki param gati mil chuki hai. ab chikitsakon ki kya avashyakata? main to in sab banon samet jalaya jaoonga. in chikitsakon ko puraskar dekar adar ke sath vida kar do. pitamah ki ye baten sunakar aur unaka dharmasngat vyavahar dekhakar raja lok unako pranam aur pradakshina kar-karake apani-apani chhavaniyon men laut gaye.

agale din sabera hone par phir kshatriy yoddha log aye. unake sath-sath hazaron kshatriy-kanyaen bhi aeen. baje bajane vale, nat, nartak aur karigar adi pitamah ke pas aye aur unake charon or chupachap khade ho gaye. astron ki choton ke karan bhishm ko badi pida ho rahi thi. unhonne rajaon se pine ke lie thanda pani manga to log charon or se tarah-tarah ki khane ki vastuen aur ghadon men thanda pani le-lekar daud pade. is par bhishm ne kaha- "bhoopatiyo! sharashayya par let jane se ab main manushy-lok se alag ho chuka. main to keval soory ke parivartan-kal ki bat joh raha hoon. ap log mere lie yah kya le aye!" ab unhonne arjun ko dekhana chaha. agya pate hi arjun bhishm ke age namrata ke sath ja khade hue. bhishm ne unase kaha ki tumhare banon se chhida hua mera sharir mano jala ja raha hai. marmasthanon men pida ho rahi hai. munh sookh raha hai. main bahut vyakul ho raha hoon. tum samarth ho, mujhe pani pilao.

arjun ne chatapat rath par savar hokar gandiv ke oopar pratyncha chadhaee. phir bhishm ki pradakshina karake vidhipoorvak parjanyastr ka prayog kiya aur bhishm ki dahini or prithvi men ban mara. bat ki bat men vahan se amrit-tuly, sugandhit, badhiya jal ki dhara nikalane lagi. us pani ko pikar bhishm tript ho gaye. unhonne arjun ki bahut prashnsa ki aur duryodhan ko bar-bar samajhaya ki hamari yah gati dekhakar snbhal jao. yuddh band karake vnsh ki raksha kar lo.

agale din pitamah ke pas karn gaya. use bhi bhishm ne yuddh rokava dene ki salah di. usake asvikar karane par unhonne kaha ki yadi tum vair-virodh chhodana nahin chahate to sadachar-parayan hokar, apane utsah aur shakti ke anusar, duryodhan ka kam snbhalo aur dharmayuddh karake kshatriyon ke lokon ko prapt karo. sandhi karane ki cheshta karane men mainne kuchh utha nahin rakha, kintu mujhe saphalata nahin mili.

pitamah se vivad ho jane ke karan unake senapatitv men karn ne yadyapi ek chinti ko bhi nahin mara tha, phir bhi unhen dharashayi dekhakar vah vikal ho gaya. ashchary nahin ki use jhagada kar lene ke lie pachhatava bhi hua ho. usane bar-bar pitamah ki shoorata ki sarahana ki. sach hai, vir ka adar vir ke siva aur kaun kar sakata hai? usane svikar kiya ki ap ke bina ham sabaki shochaniy dasha ho gee hai. ab vah astr-shastron se sajjit hokar yuddh karane ko taiyar hua.

kurukshetr ke sngram men vijayi hone ke pashchath yudhishthir ko is bat ka bada pashchattap hua ki unhin ke karan unake sage-snbndhiyon aur putron ke pran gaye. isase udas ho unhonne jite hue rajy ko chhod-chhadakar snnyasi hone ka vichar kar liya. pandavon samet shrikrishn ne aur devavyas prabhriti hitaishiyon ne unhen tarah-tarah se samajhaya. phir unhonne pitamah ke pas upadesh pane ke lie inhen bheja. bhishm yadyapi sharashayya par pade hue the phir bhi unhonne-shrikrishn ke kahane se-yudhishthir ka shok door karane ke lie rajadharm, mokshadharm aur apaddharm adi ka moolyavan upadesh bade vistar ke sath diya. is upadesh ko sunane se yudhishthir ke man se glani door ho gee.

soory ke uttarayan hone par yudhishthir adi sage-snbndhi, purohit aur anyany log bhishm ke pas pahunche. un sabase pitamah ne kaha ki is sharashayya par mujhe atthavan din ho gayen. mere bhagy se magh mahine ka shukl paksh a gaya. ab main sharir tyagana chahata hoon. isake pashchath unhonne sab logon se premapoorvak vida mangakar sharir chhodane ke lie yog kriya arambh kar di. pranavayu ko rokakar ve use jis-jis ang ke oopar chadhate jate aur ghav bhar jate the. thodi hi der men unake sharir ke sab ghav bhar gaye aur pran-vayu brahmarandhr ko phodakar nikal gaya.

mahabharat yuddh men shar shaiya par pitamah bhishm

sharir ka tyag

atharah dinon ke yuddh men das dinon tak akele ghamasan yuddh karake bhishm ne pandav paksh ko vyakul kar diya aur ant men shikhandi ke madhyam se apani mrityu ka upay svayn batakar mahabharat ke is adbhut yoddha ne sharashayya par shayan kiya. shastr aur shastr ke is soory ko ast hote hue dekhakar bhagavan shrikrishn ne inake madhyam se yudhishthir ko dharm ke samast angon ka upadesh dilavaya. yudhishthir tatha shesh pandavon ne bhi sheyya par pade hue pitamah bhishm ke charan-sparsh kie. bhishm ne yudhishthir ko tarah-tarah ke upadesh die. agale din jab soory 'uttarayan' ho gaya, uchit samay janakar yudhishthir sabhi bhaiyon, dhritarashtr, gandhari evn kunti ko sath lekar bhishm ke pas pahunche. bhishm ne sabako upadesh diya tatha atthavan din tak shar-shaiyya par pade rahane ke bad mahaprayan kiya. soory ke uttarayan hone par pitambaradhari shrikrishn ki chhavi ko apani ankhon men basakar mahatma bhishm ne apane nashvar sharir ka tyag kiya tha. sabhi log bhishm ko yad kar rone lage. yudhishthir tatha pandavon ne pitamah ke sharaviddh shav ko chndan ki chita par rakha tatha dah-snskar kiya.

aitihasik tathy aur sndarbh

shriyuth vaidy mahashy ne hisab lagakar batalaya hai ki kurukshetr vale yuddh men bhishm dedh sau varsh ke the. phir bhi ve yuvakon ki bhanti phurti se yuddh karate the. isamen kuchh achambha nahin hai. buddhe hindenabarg adi ne bhi to yahin kar dikhaya hai. san eesavi se lagabhag 300 varsh pahale sikandar ne bharatavarsh par akraman kiya tha. us samay ke yoonaniyon ko bharat men do-do sau varsh ki ayuvale log mile the. phir mahabharat-yuddh ke samay bhishm jaise badi umravale logon ke yuddh karane men achambha hi kya rah jata hai? is yuddh ke samay arjun pachapan varsh ke the. ve jis samay himalay se hastinapur men aye us samay panch varsh ke mane jaen to manana padega ki pandu chalis varsh ki ayu men aur unake pita vichitraviry 30 varsh ki umr men mare honge. is drishti se maloom padata hai ki jis samay bhishm ko raj-kaj snbhalate sattar varsh ho gaye the arthath us samay bhishm sau varsh ke the. unhonne koee ek sau bis varsh tak nirlipt rahakar raj-kaj snbhala tha. is karan rajaniti ke danv-pench samajhane men unase adhik kushal aur kaun ho sakata tha? isi karan vyasaji ne sari rajaniti ka upadesh bhishm ke munh se hi dilavaya hai aur sauti ne bhi tattvgyan ka upadesh unhin se dilavana thik samajha. ek prashn yah hai ki jab duryodhan ne bhishm ka upadesh nahin mana tab bhishm ne usaki or se yuddh kyon kiya. vastav men unaka kam raja ko usaki bhool sujha dena bhar tha. antim nirnay to raja hi kar sakata hai. raja ko devata ka ansh manane ki dharana hamari bahut purani hai. phir jisaka namak itane dinon khaya tha usako chhodakar kaise ja sakate the? yadi yah kaha jay ki inhonne kisi doosare ka namak nahin khaya, apana hi khaya tha, to yah bhi thik nahin kyonki ek bar jab ye apana rajagaddi ka adhikar chhod chuke tab inaka prabhutv rah hi kahan gaya?

yadi yah kahen ki kaurav-pandavon ka bntavara hote samay nee rajadhani sthapit hone par ye pandavon ke yahan kyon n chale gaye to isaka uttar yah hai ki purana sthan chhodane ki avashyakata hi kya thi? us samay yahin kahan nishchay hua tha ki kaurav log aise hathi aur adharmi hain? atev akaran purane ashray ko chhod naye ki khushamat karane ki jhnjhat kaun mol leta? phir yuddh to unhen us or se bhi karana padata. han, tab yah kahane ko hota ki unhonne atyachar aur anyay ke viruddh hathiyar uthaya.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah