महाभारत युद्ध का आरम्भ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shnkh bajate shrikrishn tatha arjun

mahabharat yuddh men donon pakshon ki senaon ka sammilit snkhya bal aththarah akshauhini tha. yudhishthir sat akshauhini sena ke, jabaki duryodhan gyarah akshauhini sena ka svami tha. pandav tatha kaurav donon hi or ki senaen yuddh ke lie taiyar hueen. pahale bhagavan shrikrishn param krodhi duryodhan ke pas doot banakar gaye. unhonne gyarah akshauhini sena ke svami raja duryodhan se kaha- "rajan! tum yudhishthir ko adha rajy de do ya unhen panch hi ganv arpit kar do; nahin to unake sath yuddh karo." shrikrishn ki bat sunakar duryodhan ne kaha- "main unhen suee ki nok ke barabar bhoomi bhi nahin doonga; han, unase yuddh avashy karoonga." aisa kahakar vah bhagavan shrikrishn ko bndi banane ke liye udyat ho gaya. us samay rajasabha men bhagavan shrikrishn ne apane param durdharsh vishvaroop ka darshan karakar duryodhan ko bhayabhit kar diya. phir vidur ne apane ghar le jakar bhagavan ka poojan aur satkar kiya. tadanantar ve yudhishthir ke pas laut gaye aur bole- "maharaj! ap duryodhan ke sath yuddh kijiye."

maharathi

yuddh se poorv pandavon ne apani sena ka padav kurukshetr ke pashchimi kshetr men sarasvati nadi ke dakshini tat par base samntr pnchak tirth ke pas hiranyavati nadi[1] ke tat par dala. kauravon ne kurukshetr ke poorvi bhag men vahan se kuchh yojan ki doori par ek samatal maidan men apana padav dala. donon or ke shiviron men sainikon ke bhojan aur ghayalon ke upachar ki uttam vyavastha thi. hathi, ghode aur rathon ki alag vyavastha thi. hazaron shiviron men se pratyek shivir men prachur matra men khady samagri, astr-shastr, yntr aur kee vaidy aur shilpi vetan dekar rakhe ge the. donon senaon ke bich men yuddh ke lie 5 yojan[2]= 40 ki.mi. ka ghera chhod diya gaya tha. kauravon ki or se yuddh karane vale maharathi the- bhishm, dronachary, kripachary, karn, ashvatthama, madranaresh shaly, bhoorishrava, alambush, kritavarma, kalingaraj shrutayudh, shakuni, jayadrath, vind-anuvind, kambojaraj sudakshin, brihadbal, duryodhan v usake 99 bhaee. jabaki pandavon ki or se bhim, nakul, sahadev, arjun, yudhishthir, draupadi ke panchon putr, satyaki, uttamauja, virat, drupad, dhrishtadyumn, abhimanyu, pandyaraj, ghatotkach, shikhandi, yuyutsu, kuntibhoj, shaiby, anooparaj nil adi pramukh maharathi the.

yuddh ke niyam
arjun ko samajhate shrikrishn

pitamah bhishm ki salah par donon dalon ne ekatr hokar yuddh ke kuchh niyam banae. unake banaye hue niyam the-

  1. pratidin yuddh sooryoday se lekar sooryast tak hi hoga. sooryast ke bad yuddh nahin hoga.
  2. yuddh samapti ke pashh‍chat chhal-kapat chhodakar sabhi log prem ka vyavahar karenge.
  3. rathi rathi se, hathi par savar yoddha hathi vale se aur paidal paidal se hi yuddh karega.
  4. ek vir ke sath ek hi vir yuddh karega.
  5. bhay se bhagate hue ya sharan men ae hue logon par astr-shastr ka prahar nahin kiya jaega.
  6. jo vir nihattha ho jaega, us par koee astr nahin uthaya jaega.
  7. yuddh men sevak ka kam karane valon par koee astr nahin uthaega.


yudhishthir aur duryodhan ki senaen kurukshetr ke maidan men ja datin. apane vipaksh men pitamah bhishm tatha achary dron adi gurujanon tatha sage-sambandhiyon ko dekhakar arjun yuddh se virat ho gaye. tab bhagavan shrikrishn ne unase kaha- "parth! bhishm adi gurujan shok ke yogy nahin hain. manushy ka sharir vinashashil hai, kintu atma ka kabhi nash nahin hota. yah atma hi parabrahm hai. 'main brahm hoon', is prakar tum us atma ko samajho. kary ki siddhi aur asiddhi men saman bhav se rahakar karmayog ka ashray lekar kshatradharm ka palan karo.” shrikrishn ke aisa kahane par arjun ratharoodh hokar yuddh men pravritt hue. shrikrishn tatha arjun sahit sabhi ne shnkhadhvani ki aur yuddh ka arambh ho gaya. duryodhan ki sena men sabase pahale pitamah bhishm senapati hue. pandavon ke senapati shikhandi the. in donon men bhari yuddh chhid gaya. bhishm sahit kaurav paksh ke yoddha us yuddh men pandav paksh ke sainikon par prahar karane lage aur shikhandi adi pandav paksh ke vir kaurav sainikon ko apane banon ka nishana banane lage. kaurav aur pandav sena ka vah yuddh, devasur-sngram ke saman jan padata tha. akash men khade hokar dekhane vale devataon ko vah yuddh bada anandadayak pratit ho raha tha. bhishm ne das dinon tak yuddh karake pandavon ki adhikansh sena ko apane banon se mar giraya.[3]



pichhe jaen
mahabharat yuddh ka arambh
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sarasvati nadi ki sahayak nadi
  2. 1 yojan= 8 ki.mi. ki paridhi, vishnupuran ke anusar 4 kos ya kosh= 1 yojan= 13 ki.mi. se 16 ki.mi.
  3. mahabharat katha- bhag 8 (hindi) freegita. abhigaman tithi: 25 agast, 2015.

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