शिशुपाल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shishupal mahabharat kalin chedi rajy ka svami tha. mahabharat men chedi janapad ke nivasiyon ke lie adiparv[1] men likha hai- "chedi janapad ke log dharmashil, sntoshi or sadhu hain. yahan has-parihas men bhi koee jhooth nahin bolata, phir any avasaron par to bol hi kaise sakata hai. putr sada gurujanon ke hit men lage rahate hain, pita apane jite-ji unaka bntavara nahin karate. yahan ke log bailon ko bhar dhone men lagate aur dinon evn anathon ka poshan karate hain. sab varnon ke log sada apane-apane dharm men sthit rahate hain'. spasht hai ki shishupal ki rajy vyavastha achchhi thi aur chedi janapad ke log sadachar ko mahattv dete the.

parichay

  • shishupal krishn ki bua ka ladaka tha. damaghosh ke kul men jab shishupal ka janm hua tab usake tin netr tatha char bhujaen thin. vah gadhe ki tarah ro raha tha. mata-pita trast hokar usaka parityag kar dena chahate the. tabhi akashavani huee ki balak bahut vir hoga tatha usaki mrityu ka karan vah vyakti hoga jisaki god men jane par balak apane bhal-sthit netr tatha do bhujaon ka parityag kar dega. usake janm ke vishay men janakar anek raja use dekhane aye. shishupal ke pita ne bari-bari se sabhi ki god men balak diya. ant men shishupal ke mamere bhaee shrikrishn ki god men jate hi usaki do bhujaen prithvi par gir gayin tatha lalatavarti netr lalat men vilin ho gaya. balak ki mata ne dukhi hokar shrikrishn se usake pranon ki bhikh mangi. shrikrishn ne usake sau aparadh kshama karane ka vachan diya. kalantar men shishupal ne anek bar aparadh kiye tatha govind ne use kshama kiya.
  • yudhishthir ke rajasooy ygy ke lie amantran milane par sabhi raja indraprasth men ikattha hue. amantrit atithiyon men bhishm ki agya se yudhishthir ne sarvapratham shrikrishn ko ardhy samarpit kiya (shrikrishn ki agrapooja ki). yah dekhakar shishupal ko bahut krodh aya. usane kaha ki krishn vrishnivnshi hain, kahin ke raja nahin. sarvapratham unhen ardhy arpit karane par shesh sabaka apaman hota hai. sabake samajhane par bhi shishupal apani bat par ada raha tatha kuchh rajaon ke sath vahan se chale jane ki dhamaki bhi dene laga. ant men usane krishn ko yuddh ke lie lalakara. krishn ne sabake sammukh, yah spasht karate hue ki ve shishupal ke sau aparadh pahale hi kshama kar chuke hain aur yah usaka ek sau ekavan aparadh hai, use sudarshan chakr se mar dala. shishupal ke mrit sharir ka parityag kar ek prakash-punj akash ki or utha. us prakash-punj ne shrikrishn ko pranam kiya tatha phir unhin men vilin ho gaya. pandavon ne shishupal ka antyeshti snskar kiya tatha usake putr ka rajyabhishek kiya. [2]

vishnu puran se

shishupal poorvajanmon men hiranyakashipu tatha ravan ke roop men janm le chuka tha. hiranyakashipu ke roop men vah nrisinh bhagavan ko nahin pahachan paya, at: use moksh ki prapti nahin huee. rajogun pradhan rahane ke karan vah agale janm men bhog-snpatti prapt ravan bana. janaki ke roop par asakt rahane ke karan 'nam-mahima' ko n samajhakar ram dvara mara gaya tathapi usaki manushy-buddhi bani rahi, at: shishupal ke roop men janm liya. shishupal bhale hi drohavash, gali dete hue ram ke vibhinn svaroopon ka smaran karata tha, namochcharan bhi karata tha, at: taduparant vah bhagavan men hi lin ho gaya. [3]

shrimadh bhagavat se

krishn dvara shishupal vadh

pandavon ke rajasooy ygy men agrapooja ke lie sahadev ne shrikrishn ka nam prastut kiya to shishupal krodh se ag baboola ho gaya. usane kaha-'krishn ka n uchch kul hai, n jati. yayati se shapita, samudr men ghar banakar rahane vala vah agrapooja ke yogy nahin hai.' krishn ke pakshapati rajaon ne shishupal ko yuddh ke lie lalakara. krishn ne un sabako shant kar svayn shishupal ka sir apane chakr se kat dala. dvesh ki atishayata ke karan shishupal ka man tanmayatapoorvak krishn ko smaran karata tha, at: mrityu ke uparant vah krishn ka parshad ho gaya.[4]

shishupal ka vadh

yudhishthir ne jab rajasooy ygy ki taiyari ki tab sabhi pramukh rajaon ko ygy men ane ka nimantran diya gaya jisamen chediraj shishupal bhi tha . devapooja ke samay krishn ka samman dekhakar vah jal gaya aur unako galiyan dene laga . usake in katu vachanon ki ninda karate huye shri krishn ke anek bhakt sabha chhod kar chale gaye kyonki ve shri krishn ki ninda nahin sun sakate the . arjun aur bhimasen anek rajaon ke sath use marane ke liye udyat ho gaye kintu shri krishn ne un sabhi ko rok diya . jab shishupal shri krishn ko ek sau gali de chuka tab shri krishn ne garaj kar kaha, 'bas shishupal! ab mere vishay men tere mukh se ek bhi apashabd nikala to tere pran nahin bachenge . mainne tere ek sau apashabdon ko kshama karane ki pratigya ki thi isiliye ab tak tere pran bache rahe .'shri krishn ke in vachanon ko sun kar sabha men upasthit shishupal ke sare samarthak bhay se tharra gaye kintu shishupal ka vinash samip tha, atah usane kal ke vash hokar apani talavar nikalate huye shri krishn ko phir se gali di . shishupal ke mukh se apashabd ke nikalate hi shri krishn ne apana sudarshan chakr chala diya aur palak jhapakate hi shishupal ka sir kat kar gir gaya .


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. adi parv ke tirasathaven adhyay, chhnd snkhya 10-12
  2. mahabharat, sabhaparv, 36.25-32, 37, 39
  3. vishnu puran, 4.15.1-17
  4. shrimadh bhagavat, 10.74

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