bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

अंत्येष्टि संस्कार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vistar men padhane lie dekhen: pitrimedh ya antyakarm snskar

hindoo jivan ke prasiddh solah snskaron men se yah antim snskar hai, jisamen jati v dharmik mat ke anusar bhinnata hote hue bhi samanyat: mrit vyakti ki dahakriya adi ki jati hai. antyeshti ka arth hai, antim ygy. doosare shabdon men jivan ygy ki yah antim prakriya hai. adarsh roop se snskar garbhadharan ke kshan se hi shuroo ho jate hain aur vyakti ke jivan men pratyek mahattvapoorn charan par snpann kie jate hain. mrityu nikat ane par rishtedaron aur purohit ko bulaya jata hai, mntri v pavitr grnthon ka path hota hai aur anushthanik bhenten taiyar ki jati hain. mrityu ke uparant shav ko jald se jald shmashan ghat par le jate hain, jo amataur par nadi tat par sthit hota hai. mritak ka sabase bada putr aur anushthanik purohit dah snskar karate hain. pratham pandrah snskar aihik jivan ko pavitr aur sukhi banane ke lie hai. baudhayan pitrimedhasootr (3.1.4) men kaha gaya hai-

jatasnskarainemn lokamabhijayati mritasnskarainamun lokamh.
(jatakarm adi snskaron se manushy is lok ko jitata hai; mrit-snskar, "antyeshti" se paralok ko).

isake bad brahmanon men 10 din tak (kshatriy men 12, vaishyon men 15 aur shoodron men 30 din) parivar ke sadasyon ko apavitr samajha jata hai. aur un par kuchh varjanaen lagoo rahati hain. is avadhi men ve anushthan karate hai. taki atma agale jivan men pravesh kar le. in anushthanon men doodh aur jal tatha adhapake chaval ke pindon ka arpan shamil hai. nishchit tithi ko shmashan se ekatrit asthi avashesh ya to dafan kar diya jata hai ya phir nadi men pravahit kar diya jata hai. mritakon ke samman men nishchit tithiyon par snbndhiyon dvara shraddh kie jate hain.

anivary snskar

yah anivary snskar hai. rogi ko mrityu se bachane ke lie athak prayas karane par bhi samay athava asamay men usaki mrityu hoti hi hai. is sthiti ko svikar karate hue baudhayan[1] ne pun: kaha hai-

jatasy vai manushyasy dhruvn maranamiti vijaniyath.
tasmajjate n prahrishyenmrite ch n vishideth.
akasmadagatn bhootamakasmadev gachchhati.
tasmajjatn mrinchaiv sampashyanti suchetas:.

  (utpann hue manushy ka maran dhruv hai, aisa janana chahie. isilie kisi ke janm lene par n to prasannata se phool jana chahie aur n kisi ke marane par atyant vishad karana chahie. yah jivadhari akasmath kahin se ata hai aur akasmath hi kahin chala jata hai. isilie buddhiman ko janm aur maran ko saman roop se dekhana chahie).

tasyanmatarn pitaramachary patnin putrn shi yamantevasinn pitrivyn matuln sagotramasagotrn va dayamupayachchheddahann snskaren snskrirvanti..

[isilie yadi mrityu ho hi jae to, mata, pita, achary, patni, putr, shishy (antevasi), pitrivy (chacha), matul (mama), sagotr, asagotr ka day (dayitv) grahan karana chahie aur snskarapoorn usaka dah karana chahie].

vidhiyan

antyeshtikriya ki vidhiyan kalakram se badalati ja rahi hain. pahale shav ko vaisa hi chhod diya jata tha, ya jal men pravahit kar diya jata tha. bad men use kisi vriksh ki dal se lataka dete the. age chalakar samadhi (gadane) ki pritha chali. vaidik kal men jab ygy ki pradhanata huee, to mrit sharir bhi ygyagni dvara hi dagdh hone laga aur dahasnskar ki pradhanata ho gee (ye nikhata ye paropta ye dagdha ye choddhita:[2]). hinduon men shav ka dah snskar hi bahuprachalit hai; yadyapi kinhin-kinhin avasthaon men apavad roop se jal-pravah aur samadhi ki pratha bhi abhi jivit hai.

khand-vibhajan

sampoorn antyeshti snskar ko nimnankit khandon vibhajit kiya ja sakata hai-

(1)mrityu ke agaman ke poorv ki kriya

  • sambandhiyon se antim vidaee
  • dan-puny
  • vaitarani (gay ka dan)
  • mrityu ki taiyari

(2)pragh-dah ke vidhi-vidhan
(3)arthi
(4)shavottthan
(5)shavayatra
(6)anustarani (rajagavi: shmashan ki gay)
(7)dah ki taiyari
(8)vidhava ka chitarohan (kali men varjit)
(9)dahaygy
(10)pratyavartan (shmashan se lautana)
(11)adakakarm
(12)shokarton ke santvana
(13)ashauch (samayik chhoot: asprishyata)
(14)asthisnchayan
(15)shantikarm
(16)shmashan (avashesh par samadhinirman). ajakal avashesh ka jalapravah aur usake kuchh ansh ka gnga athava any kisi pavitr nadi men pravah hota hai.
(17)pindadan (mrit ke pret jivan men usake lie bhojan-dan).
(18)sapindikaran (pitrilok men pitaron ke sath pret ko milana). yah kriya barahaven din, tin paksh ke ant men athava ek varsh ke ant men hoti hai. aisa vishvas hai ki pret ko pitrilok men pahunchane men ek varsh lagata hai.

vishesh kriyaen

asamayik athava asadharan sthiti men mrit vyaktiyon ke antyeshti snskar men kee apavad athava vishesh kriyaen hoti hain. ahitagni, anahitagni, shishu, garbhini, navaprasoota, rajasvala, parivrajak-snnyasi-vanaprasth, pravasi aur patit ke snskar vibhinn vidhiyon se hote hain.

dharmikavishvas

hinduon men jivachchhraddh ki pratha bhi prachalit hai. dharmik hindoo ka vishvas hai ki sadagati (svarg athava moksh) ki prapti ke lie vidhipoorvak antyeshti snskar avashyak hai. yadi kisi ka putr n ho, athava yadi usako is bat ka ashvasan n ho ki marane ke pashchath usaki savidhi antyeshti kriya hogi, to vah apane jite-ji apana shraddhakarm svayn kar sakata hai. usaka putala banakar usaka dah hota hai. shesh kriyaen samany roop se hoti hain. bahut se log sannyas ashram men pravesh ke poorv apana jivachchhraddh kar lete hain.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

(pustak ‘hindoo dharmakosh’) prishth snkhya-36

  1. pitrimedhasootr, 33
  2. atharvaved, 18.2.34

snbndhit lekh


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