आम्रपाली  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

amrapali
buddh tatha amrapali
poora nam amrapali
janm lagabhag 25 sau varsh poorv
janm bhoomi vaishali
upadhi amrapali ko sarvashreshth sundari ghoshit kar 'nagaravadhu' ya 'janapad kalyani' ki upadhi di gee thi.
prasiddhi sarvashreshth sundari tatha rajanartaki
vishesh amrapali ne buddh ko amntran dekar unhen snehapoorvak bhojan karaya tha aur apana mahal tatha amon ka bag bauddh sngh ke lie dan kar diya tha.
any janakari amrapali ko dekhakar buddh ko apane shishyon se kahana pada tha ki- "tum log apani ankhen bnd kar lo...." kyonki bhagavan buddh janate the ki amrapali ke saundary ko dekhakar unake shishyon ke lie sntulan rakhana kathin ho jaega.

amrapali raja chetak ke samay men vaishali ki sundaratam tatha khyatiprapt rajanartaki thi. gautam buddh ke vaishali padharane par amrapali ne unhen apane yahan bhojan karane ke lie amatrit kiya tha aur bhagavan buddh ke pahunchane par unhen bhojan karaya tha. usane apane mahal aur amrakanan[1] ko sngh ke lie dan men diya tatha vahan 'vihar' ka nirman karane ka agrah kiya. amrapali deshabhakti ki pariksha men bhi khari utari thi. ajatashatru se prem hone ke bavajood deshaprem ki khatir ajatashatru ke anugrah ko asvikar kar usane apane prem ki ahooti dena svikar kiya, parantu apane desh aur raja se vishvasaghat karane se inakar kar diya.

janm

itihasakaron ke anusar apane saundary ki takat se kee samrajy ko mita dene vali amrapali ka janm lagabhag 25 sau varsh poorv prachin bharat ke vaibhavashali nagar vaishali men hua tha. aitihasik kathaon ke anusar amrapali vaishali ganatntr ke 'mahanaman' namak ek samnt ko am ke vriksh ke niche mili thi, jisaki vajah se usaka nam 'amrapali' rakha gaya tha. amrapali ke jaivik mata-pita ki janakari prapt nahin hai. vah samnt rajaseva se tyag patr dekar amrapali ko puratatvik vaishali ke nikat aj ke anbara gram chala aya tha. jab amrapali ki umr karib 11 varsh huee to samnt use lekar phir vaishali laut aya.

sarvashreshth sundari

itihasakar manate hain ki matr 11 varsh ki chhoti-si umr men hi amrapali ko sarvashreshth sundari ghoshit kar 'nagaravadhu' ya 'janapad kalyani' bana diya gaya tha. isake bad ganatntr vaishali ke qanoon ke tahat amrapali ko rajanartaki banana pada. prasiddh chini yatri fahyan aur hvenasang ke yatra vritanton men bhi vaishali ganatntr aur amrapali par vistrit prakash dala gaya hai. donon ne lagabhag ekamat se amrapali ko saundary ki moorti bataya hai. vaishali ganatntr ke qanoon ke anusar hazaron sundariyon men amrapali ka chunav kar use sarvashreshth sundari ghoshit kar 'janapad kalyani' ki padavi di gee thi.[2]

buddh se bhent

amrapali ke roop ki charcha jagath prasiddh thi aur us samay usaki ek jhalak pane ke lie sudoor deshon ke anek rajakumar usake mahal ke charon or apani chhavani dale rahate the. vaishali men gautam buddh ke pratham padarpan par unaki kirti sunakar amrapali unake svagat ke lie solah shrringar kar apani paricharikaon sahit gndak nadi ki tir par pahunchi. amrapali ko dekhakar buddh ko apane shishyon se kahana pada ki- "tum log apani ankhen bnd kar lo...." kyonki bhagavan buddh janate the ki amrapali ke saundary ko dekhakar unake shishyon ke lie sntulan rakhana kathin ho jaega. buddh ne amrapali ko "arya anba" kahakar snbodhit kiya tatha usaka atithy grahan kiya.

binbasar tatha amrapali

binbasar ne amrapali ko pane ke lie vaishali par jab akraman kiya, tab snyogavash usaki pahali mulakat amrapali se hi huee. vah amrapali ke roop-saundary par mugdh ho gaya. mana jata hai ki amrapali se prerit hokar binbasar ne apane rajadarabar men rajanartaki ke pratha ki shuruat ki thi. binbasar ko amrapali se ek putr bhi hua tha, jo bad men bauddh bhikshu ban gaya tha.

bhikshuni jivan

bauddh dharm men bhagavan buddh aur unake shishyon ko nimntrit kar bhojan karane ke bad dakshina ke roop men amrapali dvara amrakanan bhent dene ki badi khyati hai. is ghatana ke bad hi buddh ne striyon ko bauddh sngh men pravesh ki anumati di thi. isase pahale dhamm sngh men bhikshuniyan nahin li jati thin. 'yashodhara' ko bhi buddh ne bhikshuni banane se inkar kar diya tha, kintu amrapali ki shraddha, bhakti aur man ki virakti se prabhavit hokar nariyon ko bhi unhonne sngh men pravesh ka adhikar pradan kiya. amrapali isake bad samany bauddh bhikshuni ban gee aur vaishali ke hit ke lie usane anek kary kie. usane kesh kata kar bhiksha patr lekar samany bhikshuni ka jivan vyatit kiya.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. am ka bag
  2. 2.0 2.1 bauddh bhikshuni amrapali (hindi) vebaduniya.kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 08 disambar, 2014.

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