दशभूमीश्वर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

  • gandavyooh ki bhanti yah sootr bhi avatnsak ka ek bhag mana jata hai. isamen bodhisattv ki das aryabhoomiyon ka vistrit varnan hai, jin bhoomiyon par kramash: adhirohan karate hue buddhatv avastha tak sadhak pahunchata hai. 'mahavastu' men is siddhant ka poorvaroop upalabdh hota hai. is granth men ukt siddhant ka paripak hua hai.
  • mahayan men is sootr ka atyuchch sthan hai. ise dashabhoomik, dashabhoomishvar evn dashabhoomak nam se bhi jana jata hai.
  • ary asng ne 'dashabhoomak' shabd ka hi prayog kiya hai. isaki lokapriyata evn pramanikata men yah praman hai ki atyant prachinakal men hi isake tibbati, chini, japani ev mngoliyan anuvad ho gaye the.
  • shri dharmaraksh ne isaka chini anuvad ee. sanh 297 men kar diya tha. isake pratipadan ki shaili men lambe-lambe samast pad evn roopakon ki bharamar hai.
  • mithila vidyapith ne daau. jones rathar ke snskaran ke adhar par isaka pun: snskaran kiya hai.
  • gyat hai ki mahayan men das aryabhoomiyan mani jati hain, yatha- pramudita, vimala, prabhakari, archishmati, sudarjaya, abhimukhi, doorangama, achala, sadhumati evn dharmamedha.
  • aryavastha se poorv jo prithagjan bhoomi hoti hai, use 'adhimukticharyabhoomi' kahate hain. mahayan men panch marg hote hain- sambharamarg, prayogamarg, darshanamarg, bhavanamarg evn ashaikshamarg. darshanamarg prapt hone par bodhisattv 'ary' kahalane lagata hai. uparyukt das bhoomiyan ary ki bhoomiyan hain. darshan marg ki prapti se poorv bodhisatv prithagjan hota hai. sambharamarg evn prayogamarg prithagjanamarg hain aur unaki bhoomi adhimukticharyabhoomi kahalati hai.
  • mahayan gotriy vyakti bodhichitt ka utpad kar mahayan men pravesh karata hai. prithagjan avastha men sambhar marg evn prayogamarg ka abhyas kar darshan marg prapt karate hi ary hokar pratham pramudita bhoomi ko prapt karata hai.
  • paramitaen bhi das hoti hain, yatha-dan, shil, kshanti, viry, dhyan, prgya, upayakaushal, pranidhan, bal evn gyan paramita. bodhisattv pratyek bhoomi men samanyat: in sabhi paramitaon ka abhyas karata hai, kintu pratyek bhoomi men kisi ek paramita ka pradhany hua karata hai. granth men in bhoomiyon ke vaishishty ka vistrit pratipadan kiya gaya hai-

pramudita

snbodhi ko tatha sattvahit ki siddhi ko asann dekhakar is bhoomi men prakrisht (tivr) mod (harsh) utpann hota hai, at: ise 'pramudita' bhoomi kahate hain. is avastha men bodhisattv panch bhayon se mukt ho jata hai, yatha- jivikabhay, nindabhay, mrityubhay, durgatibhay evn parishadsharady (lajja ka) bhay. jo bodhisattv pramudita bhoomi men adhishthit ho jata hai, vah jamboodvip par adhipaty karane men samarth ho jata hai. is bhoomi men bodhisattv samanyat: dan, priyavachan, parahitasampadan (arthacharya) evn samanarthata (sarvadharmasamata)- in krityon ka sampadan karata hai. visheshat: is bhoomi men usaki danaparamita ki poorti hoti hai.

vimala

dau:shily evn abhog adi sabhi malo se vyapagat (rahit) hone ke karan yah bhoomi 'vimala' kahi jati hai. is bhoomi men bodhisattv shil men pratishthit hokar das prakar ke kushalakarmo ka sampadan karata hai. is bhoomi men char sngrah vastuon[1] men priyavadita evn shilaparamita ka pradhany hota hai.

prabhakari

vishisht (mahan) dharmon ka avabhas karane ke karan yah bhoomi 'prabhakari' kahalati hai. is avastha men bodhisattv sabhi snskar dharmon ko anity, du:kh, anatm evn shoony dekhata hai. sabhi vastuen utpann hokar vinasht ho jati hain. ve atit avastha men snkrant nahin hotin, bhavishy men kahin jakar sthit nahin hotin tatha vartaman men bhi kahin unaka avasthan nahin hota. sharir du:khaskandhatmak hain- aisa bodhisattv avadharan karata hai. usamen shanti, sham, audary evn priyavadita adi gunon ka utkarsh hota hai. is bhoomi men avasthit bodhisattv indr ke saman ban jate hain. is bhoomi men sattvahit charya balavati hoti hai aur shantiparamita ka adhiky hota hai tatha bodhisatv doosaron men dharm ka avabhas karata hai.

archishmati

bodhipakshik prgya is bhoomi men kleshavaran evn gyeyavaran ka dahan karati hai. bodhipakshik dharm archishh (jvala) ke saman hote hain. phalat: bodhipakshik dharm aur prgya se yukt hone ke karan yah bhoomi 'archishmati' kahalati hai. bodhisattv is bhoomi men das prakar ke dharmalok ke sath adhiroodh hota hai. bodhipakshik dharm saintis hote hain., yatha-char smrityupasthan, char pradhan, char riddhipad, panch indriy, panch bal, sat bodhyany aur ath aryamarg (aryashtangik marg) bodhisattv in bodhipakshik dharmon ka is bhoomi men vishesh labh karata hai. any parimataon ki apeksha is bhoomi men viryaparamita ki pradhanata hoti hai tatha sngrah vastuon men samanarthata adhik utkarsh ko prapt hoti hai.

sudurjaya

bodhisattv is bhoomi men sattvon ka paripak aur apani chitt ki vishesh roop se raksha karata hai. ye donon kary atyant dushkar hain. in par jay prapt karane ke karan yah bhoomi 'sudurjaya' kahalati hai. bodhisattv is bhoomi men das prakar ki chittavishuddhiyon ko prapt karata hai tatha chaturvidh aryasatv ke yatharthgyan ka labh karata hai. is sthiti men bodhisattv ko yah upalabdhi hoti hai ki sampoorn vishv shoony hai. sabhi praniyon ke prati usamen mahakaruna ka pradurbhav hota hai tatha mahamaitri ka alok utpann hota hai. vah dan, priyavadita evn dharmopadesh adi ke dvara snsar men kalyan ke marg ka nirdesh karata hai. is bhoomi men any paramitaon ki apeksha dhyanaparamita ki pradhanata hoti hai.

abhimukhi

is bhoomi men prgya ka pradhany hota hai. prgyaparamita ki vajah se snsar aur nirvan donon men pratishthit nahin hone ke karan yah bhoomi snsar aur nirvan donon ke abhimukh hoti hai. isalie 'abhimukhi' kahalati hai. is bhoomi men bodhisatv bodhyangon ki nishpatti ka vishesh prayas karate hain. is bhoomi men prgyaparamita any paramitaon ki apeksha adhik pradhan hoti hai.

doorangama

snbodhi ko prapt karane vale ekayan marg se anvit hone ke karan yah bhoomi upay aur prgya ke kshetr men door tak pravisht hai, kyonki bodhisattv abhyas ki sima ko par kar gaya hai, isalie yah bhoomi 'doorangama' kahalati hai. is avastha men bodhisattv shoonyata, animitt aur apranihit in trividhi vimoksh ya samadhiyon ka labh karata hai. is bhoomi men any paramitaon ki apeksha 'upayakaushal paramita' adhik balavati hoti hai.

achala

nam se hi spasht hai ki is bhoomi par adhiroodh hone par bodhisattv ki paravritti (pichhe lautane) ki sambhavana nahin rahati. is bhoomi men vah anutpattik dharmakshanti se samanvit hota hai. nimittabhogasngya aur animittabhogasngya in donon sngyaon se vichalit nahin hone ke karan yah bhoomi 'achala' kahalati hai. is bhoomi ka labh karane par bodhisattv nirvan ki bhi ichchha nahin karate, kyonki aisa karane par sabhi du:khi praniyon ka kalyan karane ki unaki jo pratigya hai, usake bhang hone ki anshaka hoti hai. ve lok men hi avasthan karate hain. inaka poorv pranidhan is avastha men balavanh hota hai. jo bodhisattv is bhoomi men avasthan karate hain, unamen ayurvashita, chetovashita, karmavashita adi dash vashitaen tatha ashayabal, adhyashay bal, mahakaruna adi dash bal sampann hote hain. is bhoomi men any paramitaon ki apeksha 'pranidhan paramita' ka adhiky rahata hai.

sadhumati

char pratisnvidh (vishesh gyan) hoti hain, yatha- dharmapratisnvidh arthapratisnvidh, niruktipratisnvidh evn pratibhanapratisnvidh. is bhoomi men bodhisatv in charon pratisnvidh men pravin (=sadhu arthath karmany) ho jata hai, isalie yah bhoomi 'sadhumati' kahalati hai. dharmapratisnvidh ke dvara vah dharmon ke svalakshan ko janata hai. arthapratisnvidh ke dvara dharmon ke vibhag ko janata hai. niruktipratisnvidh ke dvara dharmon ko avibhakt deshana ko janata hai tatha pratibhanapratisnvidh ke dvara dharmon ke anuprabandh arthath niravachchhinnata ko janata hai. is avasthh men bodhisattv kushal aur akushalon ko nishpatti ke prakar ko thik-thik jan leta hai. is bhoomi men paramitaon men 'bal paramita' ka pradhany hota hai.

dharmamegha

dharm roopi akash vividh samadhi mukh aur vividh dharanimukh roopi meghon se is bhoomi men vyapt ho jata hai, at: yah bhoomi 'dharmamegha' kahalati hai. yah bhoomi abhishek bhoomi adi namon se bhi parichit hai. is bhoomi men bodhisattv ki 'sarvgyanabhishek samadhi' nishpann hoti hai. bodhisattav jab is samadhi ka labh karate hain tab ve 'maharatnarajapadm' namak asan par upavisht dikhalaee padate hain. ve agyan se utpann klesh roopi agni ka dharmamegh ke varnan se upashaman karate hain. arthath klesharoopi agni ko bujha dete hain, isalie is bhoomi ka nam 'dharmamegha' hai. is bhoomi men unaki 'gyanaparamita' any paramitaon ki apeksha pradhany ka labh karati hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. char sngrah ye hain- dan, priyavaditv, arthacharya evn samanarthata.

snbndhit lekh

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