bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

बिम्बिसार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bimbisar
bimbisar
janm 559 ee. poo.
mrityu tithi 493 ee. poo.
sntan ajatashatru
shasan kal 544 ee. poo. se 493 ee. poo.
dharmik manyata bauddh dharm
rajadhani 'girivraj' (rajagir)
uttaradhikari ajatashatru
vnsh haryak vnsh
snbndhit lekh gautam buddh, ajatashatru
vishesh bimbisar ne haryak vnsh ki sthapana 544 ee. poo. men ki thi. isake sath hi rajanitik shakh‍ti ke roop men bihar ka sarvapratham uday hua.
any janakari 'suttanipat' ki atthakatha ke pabbaj sutt ke anusar bimbisar ne snnyasi gautam ka pratham darshan pandav parvat ke niche apane rajabhavan ke gavaksh se kiya aur unake pichhe jakar unhen apane rajabhavan men amantrit kiya tha.

bimbisar (544 ee. poo. se 493 ee. poo.) ek kootanitigy aur dooradarshi shasak tha. usane haryak vnsh ki sthapana ki thi. bimbisar ko magadh samrajy ka vastavik snsthapak mana jata hai. usane ne 'girivraj' (rajagir) ko apani rajadhani banaya tha. kaushal, vaishali evn pnjab adi se vaivahik sambndhon ki niti apanakar bimbisar ne apane samrajy ka bahut vistar kiya. bimbisar gautam buddh ke sabase bade prashrayadata the.

parichay

bimbisar ka janm 558 eesa poorv ke lagabhag hua tha. magadh ke raja bimbisar ki rajadhani rajagir thi. ve pandrah varsh ki ayu men hi raja bane aur apane putr 'ajatasattu' (snskrit- ajatashatru) ke lie raj-pat tyagane se poorv bavan varsh inhonne rajy kiya. prasenajit ki bahan aur kosal ki rajakumari 'mahakoshala' inaki patni aur ajatashatru ki man thi. 'chellana', 'khema' athava 'kshema', 'silav' aur 'jayasena' namak inaki any patniyan bhi thin. vikhyat virangana ambapali se inaka vimal kondann namak putr bhi tha. bimbisar buddh ke upadeshon se bahut prabhavit the. inaki patni bhikshuni ban gee thin.[1]

mahavagg ka ullekh

'mahavagg' ke anusar bimbisar ki 500 raniyan thin. usane avnti ke shakh‍tishali raja chandr pradyot ke sath dostana sambandh banaya. sindh ke shasak roodrayan tatha gandhar ke mukh‍ku ragati se bhi usaka dostana sambandh tha. usane ang rajy ko jitakar apane samrajy men mila liya tha. vahan apane putr ajatashatru ko uparaja niyukh‍t kiya.

samrajy vistar ki niti

bimbisar ne haryak vnsh ki sthapana 544 ee. poo. men ki thi. isake sath hi rajanitik shakh‍ti ke roop men bihar ka sarvapratham uday hua. bimbisar ko magadh samrajy ka vastavik snsthapak mana jata hai. usane girivraj (rajagir) ko apani rajadhani banaya. isake vaivahik sambandhon (kaushal, vaishali evn pnjab) ki niti apanakar apane samrajy ka vistar kiya. bimbisar ek kootanitigy aur dooradarshi shasak tha. usane pramukh rajavnshon men vaivahik sambandh sthapit kar rajy ko phailaya.

bauddh dharm ke vikas men sahayak

'suttanipat' ki atthakatha ke pabbaj sutt ke anusar bimbisar ne snnyasi gautam ka pratham darshan pandav parvat ke niche apane rajabhavan ke gavaksh se kiya aur unake pichhe jakar unhen apane rajabhavan men amantrit kiya tha. gautam ne inaka nimantran asvikar kiya to inhonne gautam ko unaki uddeshy-poorti hetu shubhakamanaen di aur buddhatv-prapti ke uparant unhen phir se rajagir ane ka nimantran diya. tebhatik jatil ke parivartan ke bad buddh ne rajagir men padarpan karake apana vachan poora kiya. buddh aur unake anuyayi rajakiy atithiyon ki bhanti rajagir ae the. buddh aur unake anuyayiyon ke lie veluvan udyan dan men dene ke apane pran ki poorti darshane ke lie bimbisar ne buddh ke hath svarn kalash ke pani se dhulavae. agami tis varshon tak bimbisar bauddh dharm ke vikas men sahayak bane.[2]

ant samay

bimbisar ka ant bada darun hua. jyotishiyon ki is bhavishyavani ke bad bhi ki unaka putr ajatashatru unake lie ashubh siddh hoga, unhonne use bade lad-pyar se pala. buddh ko bimbisar dvara die ge prashray se devadatt bahut dvesh karata tha aur usi ke dushprabhav men akar ajatashatru ne apane pita ki hatya ka shadyantr racha, jisase usaki pratishtha aur dhoomil ho gee. shadyantr ka pata chalane aur putr ki rajy lipsa ki tivrata ko dekhakar bimbisar ne svayn hi rajy-tyag kar diya aur ajatashatru raja ban gaya. parantu devadatt dvara pun: ukasae jane par ne raja ne bimbisar ko bandi bana liya.

putr ka atyachar

bimbisar ko keval bhookha rakhakar hi mara ja sakata tha. unhen ek garam karagar men bhookha rakha gaya. 'mahakoshala' (ajatashatru ki man) ke atirikt kisi ko unase milane ki anumati nahin thi. pahale mahakoshala apane paridhan men ek suvarn-patr men bhojan chhipakar le gee. usaka pata chalane par ve apane pad-tran men bhojan chhipakar le gee. usaka bhi pata chal gaya to unhonne apane shiro-vasr (moli) men bhojan chhipakar le jana chaha. usaka bhi pata chal gaya to ve sugndhit jal men snan karake, apani deh ko madhu (shahad) se lepakar gee, jisase vriddh raja use chat le aur bach jaen. lekin antat: isaka bhi pata chal gaya aur unaka bhi pravesh nishedh kar diya gaya.

mrityu

itana sab kuchh sah kar bhi chal-dhyan yog se bimbisar jivit rahe. jab putr ko pata chala ki pita yoon saralata se pran-tyag nahin karengen to usane karagar men kuchh naiyon ko bheja. bimbisar ne socha ki antat: putr ko apani bhool ka anubhav hua aur vah pashchatap kar raha hai. at: unhonne naiyon se apani dadhi aur bal katane ko kaha taki ve bhikshuvat jivan-yapan kar paain. kintu naiyon ko isalie bheja gaya tha taki ve bimbisar ke pairon ko katakar unake ghavon men namak aur siraka dal den aur tatpashchath un ghavon ko koyalon se jala den. is prakar bimbisar ka chal-dhyan rok diya gaya aur ve du:khad mrityu ko prapt hue.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. diksha ki bharatiy paramparaen (hindi), 87.
  2. bimbisar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 08 navambar, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

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