भारशिव वंश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nag vnsh

magadh samrajy ke nirbal ho jane par bharat ke vibhinn pradeshon men jo anek rajavnsh svatntr ho gaye the, unamen vidisha ka 'nag vnsh' bhi ek tha. bad men yah vnsh pahale shakon ki aur phir kushanon ki adhinata men chala gaya. ab yaudheyon dvara kushanon ke viruddh vidroh karane se jo avyavastha utpann ho gayi thi, usase labh uthakar nagon ne apani shakti ka vistar karana prarambh kiya. gvaliyar ke samip padmavati ko unhonne apana kendr banaya, aur vahan se badhate-badhate kaushambi se mathura tak ke sab pradeshon ko apane adhin kar liya. in pradeshon men us samay kushanon ka rajy tha. unhen parast kar nag rajaon ne apane svatntr rajy ki ninv dali. bad men nag poorv ki or aur bhi age badhate chale gaye aur mirjapur zile men vidyaman kantipuri ko unhonne apani rajadhani banaya.

bharashiv

ye 'nag raja' shaiv dharm ko manane vale the. inake kisi pramukh raja ne shiv ko prasann karane ke lie dharmik anushthan karate hue shivaling ko apane sir par dharan kiya tha, isalie ye bharashiv bhi kahalane lage the. isamen sndeh nahin ki, shiv ke prati apani bhakti pradarshit karane ke lie ye raja nishan ke roop men shivaling ko apane sir rakha karate the. is prakar ki ek moorti bhi upalabdh huee hai. jo is anushrriti ki pushti bhi karati hai. navanag (doosari sadi ke madhy men) se bhavanag (tisari sadi ke ant men) tak inake kul sat raja hue, jinhonne apani vijayon ke upalakshy men kashi men das bar ashvamedh ygy kiya. sambhavat: inhin das ygyon ki smriti kashi ke 'dashashvamedh-ghat' ke roop men ab bhi surakshit hai. bharashiv rajaon ka samrajy pashchim men mathura aur poorv men kashi se bhi kuchh pare tak avashy vistrit tha. is sare pradesh men bahut se uddhar karane ke karan gnga-yamuna ko hi unhonne apana rajachihn banaya tha. gnga-yamuna ke jal se apana rajyabhishek kar in rajaon ne bahut kal bad in pavitr nadiyon ke gaurav ka punaruddhar kiya tha.  

raja virasen

bharashiv rajaon men sabase prasiddh raja virasen tha. kushanon ko parast karake ashvamedh ygyon ka sampadan usi ne kiya tha. uttar pradesh ke farrukhabad zile men ek shilalekh mila hai, jisamen is pratapi raja ka ullekh hai. sambhavat: isane ek naye samvat ka bhi prarambh kiya tha.

magadh ki vijay

gnga-yamuna ke pradesh ke kushan shasan se vimukt ho jane ke bad bhi kuchh samay tak pataliputr par mahakshatrap vanaspar ke uttaradhikariyon ka shasan raha. vanaspar ke vnsh ko puranon men 'murund-vnsh' kaha gaya hai. is murund-vnsh men kul 13 raja ya kshatrap hue, jinhonne pataliputr par shasan kiya.

245 ee. ke lagabhag phoonan upanivesh ka ek rajadoot pataliputr aya tha. us samay vahan par mulun (murund) raja ka shasan tha. pataliputr ke us mulun raja ne yuishi desh ke char ghodon ke sath apane ek rajadoot ko phoonan bheja tha. 'murund' shabd ka arth svami ya shasak hai. yah shabd kshatrap ke sadrish hi shasak arth men prayukt hua hai. pataliputr ke ye kushan kshatrap murund bhi kahate the.

278 ee. ke lagabhag pataliputr se bhi kushanon ka shasan samapt hua. isaka shrey vakatak vnsh ke pravartak vindhyashakti ko hai. par is samay vakatak log bharashivon ke samant the. bharashiv rajaon ki prerana se hi vindhyashakti ne pataliputr se murund shasakon ka uchchhed kar use kantipur ke samrajy ke antargat kar liya tha. magadh ko jit lene ke bad bharashivon ne aur adhik poorv ki or bhi apani shakti ka vistar kiya. ang desh ki rajadhani champa bhi bad men unaki adhinata men a gayi. vayu puran ke anusar nag rajaon ne champapuri par bhi rajy kiya tha.

par magadh aur champa ke bharashiv log der tak pataliputr men shasan nahin kar sake. jis prakar hariyana - pnjab men yaudhey, arjunayan adi gan svatntr ho gaye the, vaise hi is kal ki avyavastha se labh uthakar uttari bihar men lichchhavi gan ne phir se apani svatntrat satta sthapit kar li thi. yaudheyon ke sadrish lichchhavi gan bhi is samay shaktishali ho gaya tha. kuchh samay pashchath lichchhaviyon ne pataliputr ko jitakar apane adhin kar liya. puranon men pataliputr ke shasakon men murundon ke sath 'vrishalo' ko bhi pariganit kiya gaya hai. sambhavat: ye vrishal vraty 'lichchhavi' hi the. vraty mauryon ko vishakhadatt ne vrishal kaha hai. isi prakar vraty lichchhaviyon ko puranon ke is prakaran men vrishal kahakar nirdisht kiya gaya hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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