ग़ुलाम वंश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sthapana

gulam vnsh dilli men kutubaddin aibak dvara 1206 ee. men sthapit kiya gaya tha. yah vnsh 1290 ee. tak shasan karata raha. isaka nam gulam vnsh is karan pada ki isaka snsthapak aur usake iltutamish aur balaban jaise mahanh uttaradhikari prarambh men gulam athava das the aur bad men ve dilli ka sinhasan prapt karane men samarth hue. kutubaddin (1206-10 ee.) moolat: shahabuddin mohammad gori ka turk das tha aur 1192 ee. ke 'tarain ke yuddh' men vijay prapt karane men usane apane svami ki vishesh sahayata ki. usane apane svami ki or se dilli par adhikar kar liya aur musalamanon ki saltanat pashchim men gujarat tatha poorv men bihar aur bngal tak, 1206 ee. men gori ki mrityu ke poorv men hi, vistrit kar di.

  • dilli ke sinhasan par yah vnsh 1206 ee. se 1290 ee. tak aroodh raha. isaka snsthapak kutubuddin aibak muhammad gori ka turk das tha. par usaki yogyata dekhakar gori ne use dasata se mukt kar diya. kutubuddin moolat: gulam tha. isalie yah rajavnsh gulam vnsh kahalata hai. vah 1210 ee. tak gaddi par raha. kahate hain, dilli ki qutubaminar ka nirman-kary usane hi arnbh karaya tha. vah yogy shasak mana jata hai.
  • is vnsh ka doosara prasiddh shasak iltutamish tha jisane 1211 ee. se 1236 ee. tak shasan kiya. usake samay men samrajy ka bahut vistar hua aur kashmir se narmada tak tatha bngal se sindhu tak ka bhoo-bhag gulam vnsh ke adhin a gaya. iltutamish ke bete bade vilasi the. at: kuchh samay bad (1236 ee. men) usaki putri rajiya begam gaddi par baithi. rajiya badi buddhiman mahila thi. vah mardane vastr pahanakar darabar men baithati thi. par shadyntron se apane ko nahin bacha saki aur 1240 ee. men usaki hatya kar di gee.
  • isi vnsh men ek aur pramukh shasak hua- sulatan gayasuddin balaban. balaban bhi moolat: iltutamish ka gulam tha isane 1266 se 1287 ee. tak shasan kiya. isake samay men rajy men shanti vyavastha ki sthiti bahut achchhi ho gee thi. amir khusaron gulam shasakon ke hi snrakshit vidvanh the.

gulam vnsh ke shasak

1206 se 1290 ee. ke madhy 'dilli saltanat' par jin turk shasakon dvara shasan kiya gaya unhen 'gulam vnsh' ka shasak mana jata hai. is kal ke dauran dilli saltanat par shasan karane vale rajavnsh the-

  1. kutubuddin aibak ka 'kutbi'
  2. iltutamish (altamash) ka 'shamsi'
  3. balaban ka 'balavani'
  • in shasakon ko 'gulam vnsh' ka shasak kahana isalie uchit nahin hai, kyonki in tinon turk shasakon ka janm svatntr mata pita se hua tha. isalie inhen 'prarambhik turk' shasak v 'mamalook' shasak kahana adhik upayukt hoga.
  • itihasakar ajij ahamad ne in shasakon ko dilli ke 'arambhik turk shasakon' ka nam diya hai.
  • 'mamalook' shabd ka arth hota hai- svatntr mata pita se utpann das.
  • 'mamalook' nam itihasakar habibullah ne diya hai. aibak, iltutamish, evn balavan 'ilbari turk' the.
  • gulam rajavnsh ne lagabhag 84 varshon tak is up mahadvip par shasan kiya. yah pratham 'muslim rajavnsh' tha jisane bharat par shasan kiya.
  1. kutubuddin aibak (1206 - 1210) is vnsh ka pratham shasak tha .
  2. aramashah (1210 - 1211)
  3. iltutamish (1211 - 1236),
  4. rukunuddin firozashah (1236)
  5. raziya sultan (1236 - 1240)
  6. muizuddin baharamashah (1240 - 1242 )
  7. alauddin masood (1242 - 46 ee.)
  8. nasirooddin mahamood (1245 - 1265)
  9. any kee shasakon ke bad ullekhaniy roop se gayasuddin balaban (1250 - 1290) sultan bane .

shasakon dvara shasan

  • kutubuddin aibak ka putr aur uttaradhikari aramashah tha, jisane keval ek varsh rajy kiya aur bad men 1211 ee. men usake bahanoee iltutamish ne use sinhasan se hata diya.
  • iltutamish bhi kushal prashasak tha aur usane 1236 ee. men apani mrityu tak rajy kiya.
  • usaka uttaradhikari, usaka putr ruknuddin tha, jo ghor nikamma tatha durachari tha aur use keval kuchh mahinon ke shasan ke uparant gaddi se utarakar usaki bahin rajiyyatuddin, upanam raziya sultan ko 1237 ee. men sinhasanasin kiya gaya.
  • raziya kushal shasak siddh huee, kintu stri hona hi usake virodh ka karan hua aur 3 varshon ke shasan ke uparant 1240 ee. men use gaddi se utar diya gaya.
  • usaka bhaee baharam usaka uttaradhikari hua aur usane 1242 ee. tak rajy kiya, jab usaki hatya kar di gee.
  • usake uparant iltutamish ka pautr masood shah uttaradhikari hua, kintu vah itana vilasapriy aur atyachari shasak siddh hua ki 1246 ee. men use gaddi se utarakar iltutamush ke any putr nasiruddin ko shasak banaya gaya.
  • sultan nasiruddin men vilasapriyata adi durgun n the. vah shant svabhav ka aur vidyapremi vyakti tha. sath hi use balaban sarikhe karttavyanishth ek aise vyakti ka sahayog prapt tha, jo iltutamish ke pratham chalis gulamon men se ek aur sultan ka shvasur bhi tha. usane 20 varshon tak (1246-1266 ee.) shasan kiya.
  • usake uparant usaka shvasur balaban sinhasanasin hua, jo bada hi kathor shasak tha. usane iltutamish ke kal se hone vale mngol akramanon se desh ko mukt kiya, sabhi hindoo aur muslim vidrohon ka daman kiya aur darabar tatha samast rajy men shanti aur suvyavastha sthapit ki. usane bngal ke tugaril khan ke vidroh ka daman karake 1286 ee. athava apani mrityuparynt rajy kiya. isake ek varsh poorv hi usake priy putr shahajada muhammad ki mrityu pnjab men mngol akramakon ke yuddh ke bich ho chuki thi. usake dvitiy putr bugara khan ne , jise usane bngal ka soobedar niyukt kiya tha, dilli akar apane pita ke shasan bhar ko snbhalana asvikar kar diya. aisi paristhiti men bugara khan ke putr kaikobad ko 1286 ee. men sultan ghoshit kiya gaya, kintu vah itana sharabi nikala ki darabar ke amiron ne usake viruddh vidroh kar diya aur 1290 ee. men usaka vadh kar dala. is prakar gulam vnsh ka du:khamay ant hua.

gulam vnsh ki upalabdhiyan

gulam vnsh ke shasakon ne praja ke hiton par adhik dhyan n diya aur prashasan ki apeksha bhog-vilason men hi unaka adhik jhukav raha. phir bhi vastukala ke kshetr men unaki kuchh ullekhaniy kritiyan shesh hai, jinamen qutubaminar apani bhavyata ke karan darshaniy hai. is vnsh ke shasakon ne minahajuddin siraj aur amir khusaro jaise vidvanon ko snrakshan pradan kiya. minahajuddin siraj ne 'tabakate-nasiri' namak granth ki rachana ki hai.

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