शर्की वंश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sharki vnsh ki sthapana khvaja jahan ne ki thi, jo ki mahamood ke darabar men vazir ke pad par niyukt tha. banaras ke uttar pashchim men sthit jaunapur rajy ki ninv firozashah tugalaq ke dvara dali gee thi. sambhavatah is rajy ko firoj ne apane bhaee 'jauna khan' ya 'joona khan' (muhammad bin tugalaq) ki smriti men basaya tha. yah nagar gomati nadi ke kinare sthapit kiya gaya tha. 1394 ee. men firoj tugalaq ke putr sultan mahamood ne apane vazir 'khvaja jahan' ko ‘malik-us-shark’ (poorv ka svami) ki upadhi pradan ki. usane dilli par hue taimoor ke akraman ke karan vyapt asthirata ka labh uthakar svatantr 'sharki vnsh' ki ninv dali.

itihas

gnga ki ghati men sabase pahale svatntrata ghoshit karane valon men firoz tugalak ke samay se hi ek pramukh saradar malik saravar tha. malik saravar kuchh samay tak vazir raha tha aur phir use 'malik-us-shark'[1] ki upadhi dekar poorvi pranton ka shasak bana diya gaya tha. usaki upaghi ke karan usake uttaradhikari sharki kahalaye. sharki sultanon ne jaunapur, poorvi uttar pradesh men sthit, ko apani rajadhani banaya aur nagar ko anek bhavy mahalon, masjidon aur maqabaron se sundar banaya. isamen se kuchh masjiden aur maqabare hi bache hain. inase pratit hota hai ki sharki sultanon ne dilli ki sthapaty shaili ka hi anusaran nahin kiya. unhonne vishal daravazon aur maharabon vali apani shaili ka nirman bhi kiya.

astitv

sharki saltanat ka astitv lagabhag 75 varsh tak hi bana raha. apani unnati ke kal men is saltanat ki pashchimi uttar pradesh ke aligadh se uttari bihar ke darabhnga tak aur uttar nepal ki sima se dakshin men bundelakhand tak thi. sharki sultan dilli ko bhi jitana chahate the, kintu isamen ve saphal nahin hue. pndrahavin shatabdi ke madhy men dilli men lodiyon ke sthapit ho jane ke bad sharki nirantar bachav men lage rahe. pashchimi uttar pradesh ka adhikansh hissa unhonne kho diya aur apani sari shakti dilli jitane ki tivr, lekin asaphal abhiyanon men vyarth kar di. antatah dilli ke sultan bahalol lodi ne jaunapur ko jit liya aur sharki saltanat ko dilli saltanat men mila liya. sharki shasak kuchh samay tak pravasi ke roop men chunar men raha aur phir apane rajy ko phir se prapt karane ke kee prayatnon men asaphal hokar nirasha ki sthiti men mar gaya.

dilli saltanat ke patan ke pashchath sharki sultanon ne ek bade bhookhand par qanoon aur vyavastha ko banay rakha. unhonne bngal ke sultanon ke poorvi uttar pradesh par adhipaty ke prayatnon ko saphal nahin hone diya. isase bhi adhik unhonne ek sanskritik parampara qayam ki, jo unaka raj samapt hone ke bad bhi kafi samay tak jivit rahi.

sthapaty kala

sharki sultan khvaja jahan ne kabhi sultan ki upadhi dharan nahin ki. 1399 ee. men usaki mrityu ho gee. usake rajy ki simaen 'kol', 'sambhal' tatha 'rapari' tak phaili huee thin. usane 'tirahut' tatha 'doab' ke sath-sath bihar par bhi prabhutv sthapit kiya tha. sharki vnsh ke lagabhag sau varsh ke shasan kal men jaunapur men bahut-si imaraton jaise- mahal, masjid, maqabaron adi ka nirman kiya gaya. sharki sultanon dvara nirmit imaraton men hindoo-muslim sthapaty kala ka sundar mishran dikhaee padata hai. sharki sultanon ke nirman kary apani badi-badi dhaluvan evn tirachhi divaron, vargakar stambhon, chhoti gailariyon evn kothariyon ke karan kafi prasiddh hain.

sharki sultan gyan aur kalaon ke bade snrakshak the. kavi, vidvan aur snt jaunapur men nivas karake usaki shobha badhate the. dhire-dhire jaunapur 'poorv ka shiraj' mana jane laga. hindi ka prasiddh kavi aur 'padmavat' ka rachayita malik muhammad jayasi yahin rahata tha.

nirman kary

daau. eeshvari prasad ne sharki shasakon ke nirman karyon ki prashnsa karate hue likha hai ki, "sharki sultan jaunapur ki samrat kala aur vidya ke mahanh snrakshak the, jin bhavanon ka nirman in shasakon ne karaya hai, ve unaki sthapaty kala ki abhiruchi ke praman hain, ye bhavan sudridh, prabhavayukt tatha sundar hain. inamen hindoo-muslim nirman kala shaili ke vicharon ka vastavik evn prarambhik samanvay hai." sharki sultanon ke kuchh mahattvapoorn nirman kary nimnalikhit hain-

  1. atala masjid
  2. jami masjid jaunapur
  3. jhnjhiri masjid
  4. lal daravaza masjid

spasht hai ki, sharki shasakon ki sthapaty kala men hindoo aur islami shailiyon ka achchha samanvay hai. vishal dhalava divaron, vargakar stnbh, chhote baramade aur chhayadar raste hindoo karigaron dvara nirmit hone ke karan spashtatah hindoo visheshataen hain. minaron ka abhav is kala ki mukhy visheshata hai. ye masjiden dhvast hindoo sthalon par banayi gayi hain. inaki rachana shaili muhammad bin tugalaq dvara banavayi gayi 'begamapuri masjid' (jama masjid) se bahut adhik prabhavit hai.

shasak

sharki vnsh men jo raja hue, unake nam is prakar se hai-

  1. malik karanaphool mubarakashah (1399 - 1402 ee.)
  2. ibrahimashah sharki (1402 - 1440 ee.)
  3. mahamoodashah sharki (1440 - 1457 ee.)
  4. muhammadashah sharki (1457 - 1458 ee.)
  5. husainashah sharki (1458 - 1485 ee.)


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. poorv ka svami

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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