नागवंश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nagavnsh prachin kal ka ek rajakul tha. is vnsh ke kuchh sikkon par brihaspati nag, devanag aur ganapati nag nam likhe prapt hue hain. nagavnsh ka shasanakal 150 se 250 vikram snvat ke madhy jan padata hai.[1]

pramanikata

prachin kal men nagavnshiyon ka rajy bharat ke kee sthanon men tatha sinhal men bhi tha. puranon men spasht likha hai ki sat nagavnshi raja mathura bhog karenge, usake pichhe gupt rajaon ka rajy hoga. nau nag rajaon ke jo purane sikke mile hain, un par 'brihaspati nag', 'devanag', 'ganapati nag' ityadi nam milate hain. ye nagagan vikram snvat 150 aur 250 ke bich rajy karate the. in nav nagon ki rajadhani kahan thi, isaka thik pata nahin hai, par adhikansh vidvanon ka mat yahi hai ki unaki rajadhani 'naravar' thi. mathura aur bharatapur se lekar gvaliyar aur ujjain tak ka bhoo-bhag nagavnshiyon ke adhikar men tha.[2]

puran ullekh

prachin kal se hi bharat men nagon ki pooja ki parnpara rahi hai. mana jata hai ki 3000 eesa poorv ary kal men bharat men nagavnshiyon ke kabile raha karate the, jo sarp ki pooja karate the. unake devata sarp the. yahi karan tha ki pramukh nag vnshon ke nam par hi jamin par rengane vale nagon ke nam pade the. puranon ke anusar kashmir men kashyap rishi ki patni kadroo se unhen ath putr mile the, jinake nam kramash: is prakar the-

  1. annt (sheshanag)
  2. vasuki
  3. takshak
  4. karkotak
  5. padm
  6. mahapadm
  7. shnkh
  8. kulik

kashmir ka anntanag ilaka anntanag samudayon ka gadh tha. usi tarah kashmir ke bahut sare any ilake bhi kadru ke doosare putron ke adhin the. kuchh any puranon ke anusar nagon ke pramukh panch kul the- annt, vasuki, takshak, karkotak aur pingala. jabaki kuchh aur puranon ne nagon ke ashtakul bataye hain- vasuki, takshak, kulak, karkotak, padm, shnkh, chood, mahapadm aur dhannjay. agnipuran men 80 prakar ke nag kulon ka varnan hai, jisamen vasuki, takshak, padm, mahapadm prasiddh hain. nagon ka prithakh nagalok puranon men bataya gaya hai. anadikal se hi nagon ka astitv devi-devataon ke sath varnit hai. jain, bauddh devataon ke sir par bhi shesh chhatr hota hai. asam, nagalaind, manipur, keral aur andhr pradesh men naga jatiyon ka varchasv raha hai. bharat men in ath kulon ka hi kramash: vistar hua, jinake nagavnshi rahe the- nal, kavardha, phani-nag, bhogin, sadachndr, dhanadharma, bhootanndi, shishunndi ya yashanndi tanak, tusht, airavat, dhritarashtr, ahi, manibhadr, alapatr, kambal, anshatar, dhannjay, kaliya, saunphoo, dauddhiya, kali, takhatoo, dhoomal, phahal, kana, gulika, sarakota ityadi.[3]

any tathy

  • krishn kal men nag jati braj men akar bas gee thi. is jati ki apani ek prithakh snskriti thi. kaliya nag ko sngharsh men parajit karake shrikrishn ne use braj se nirvasit kar diya tha, kintu nag jati yahan pramukh roop se basi rahi. mathura par unhonne kafi samay tak shasan bhi kiya.
  • nagasen adinag naresh braj ke itihas men ullekhaniy rahe, jinhen gupt vnsh ke shasakon ne parajit kiya tha. nag devataon ke anek mndir aj bhi braj men vidyaman hain.
  • itihas men yah bat prasiddh hai ki mahapratapi guptavnshi rajaon ne shak ya nagavnshiyon ko parast kiya tha. prayag ke qile ke bhitar jo stnbhalekh hai, usamen spasht likha hai ki maharaj samudragupt ne ganapati nag ko parajit kiya tha. is ganapati nag ke sikke bahut milate hain.
  • mahabharat men bhi kee sthanon par nagon ka ullekh hai. pandavon ne nagon ke hath se magadh rajy chhina tha. khandav van jalate samay bhi bahut se nag nasht hue the.
  • janamejay ke sarp-ygy ka bhi yahi abhipray maloom hota hai ki puruvnshi ary rajaon se nagavnshi rajaon ka virodh tha. is bat ka samarthan sikndar ke samay ke prapt vritt se hota hai. jis samay sikndar bharat men aya, tab usase sabase pahale takshashila ka nagavnshi raja hi mila tha. us raja ne sikndar ka kee dinon tak takshashila men atithy kiya aur apane shatru paurav raja ke viruddh chadhaee karane men sahayata pahunchaee. sikndar ke sathiyon ne takshashila men raja ke yahan bhari-bhari sanp pale dekhe the, jinaki nity pooja hoti thi. yah shak ya nag jati himalay ke us par ki thi. ab tak tibbati bhi apani bhasha ko 'nagabhasha' kahate hain.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharatiy snskriti kosh, bhag-2 |prakashak: yoonivarsiti pablikeshan, nee dilli-110002 |snpadan: profesar devendr mishr |prishth snkhya: 437 |
  2. 2.0 2.1 dekhane ki paribhasha nagavnsh (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 15 faravari, 2012.
  3. nagon ke pramukh kul (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 13 janavari, 2013.

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