देवगिरि का यादव वंश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

yadav vnsh bharatiy itihas men bahut prachin hai aur yah apana sambandh prachin yaduvnshi kshatriyon se manata hai. rashtakooton aur chalukyon ke utkarsh kal men yadav vnsh ke raja adhinasth samant rajaon ki sthiti rakhate the, lekin jab chalukyon ki shakti kshin huee to ve svatntr ho ge aur varttaman haidarabad ke kshetr men sthit devagiri (adhunik daulatabad) ko kendr banakar unhonne apane utkarsh ka prarambh kiya.

bhillm tatha ballal ka sngharsh

1187 ee. men yadav raja 'bhillam' ne antim chaluky raja someshvar chaturth ko parast kar kalyani par bhi adhikar kar liya. isamen sandeh nahin ki bhillam ek atyant pratapi raja tha aur usi ke karttritv ke karan yadavon ke utkarsh ka prarambh hua tha. par shighr hi bhillam ko ek ne shatru ka samana karana pada. dvarasamudr (maisoor) men yadav kshatriyon ke ek any vnsh ka shasan tha, jo hoyasal kahalate the. chalukyon ki shakti kshin hone par dakshinapath men jo sthiti utpann ho gee thi, hoyasalon ne bhi usase labh uthaya aur unake raja vir ballal dvitiy ne uttar ki or apani shakti ka vistar karate hue bhillam ke rajy par bhi akraman kiya. is prakar ballal aur bhillam ke madhy ek zoradar sngharsh hua. vir ballal ke sath yuddh karate hue bhillam ne viragati prapt ki aur usake rajy par, jisamen kalyani ka pradesh bhi shamil tha, hoyasalon ka adhikar ho gaya. is prakar 1191 ee. men bhillam dvara sthapit yadav rajy ka ant hua.

jaitrapal ki virata

bhillam ki is parajay se yadav vnsh ki shakti ka moolochchhed nahin ho saka. bhillam ka uttaradhikari 'jaitrapal pratham' tha, jisane anek yuddhon ke dvara apane vnsh ke gaurav ka punaruddhar kiya. hoyasalon ne kalyani aur devagiri par sthayi roop se shasan ka prayatn nahin kiya tha, isalie jaitrapal ko phir se apane rajy ke utkarsh ka avasar mil gaya. usaka shasan kal 1191 se 1210 tak tha. apane padosi rajyon se nirantar yuddh karate hue jaitrapal pratham ne yadav rajy ki shakti ko bhali-bhanti sthapit kar liya.

singhan dvara rajy vistar

jaitrapal pratham ka putr 'singhan' (1210-1247 ee.) tha. vah is vnsh ka sabase shaktishali pratapi raja hua. 37 varsh ke apane shasan kal men usane charon dishaon men bahut se yuddh kie aur devagiri ke yadav rajy ko unnati ki charam sima par pahuncha diya. hoyasal raja vir ballal ne usake pitamah bhillam ko yuddh men mara tha aur yadav rajy ko buri tarah se akrant kiya tha. apane kul ke is apaman ka pratishodh karane ke lie singhan ne dvarasamudr ke hoyasal rajy par akraman kiya aur vahan ke raja vir ballal dvitiy ko parast kar usake anek pradeshon par apana adhikar sthapit kar liya. hoyasal raja ki vijay ke bad singhan ne uttar disha men vijay yatra ke lie prasthan kiya. gujarat par usane kee bar akraman kie aur malava ko apane adhikar men lakar kashi aur mathura tak vijay yatra ki. itana hi nahin, usane kalachuri rajy ko parast kar afagan shasakon ke sath bhi yuddh kie, jo us samay uttar bharat ke bade bhag ko apane svamitv men la chuke the.

kolhapur ke shilahar, banavasi ke kadamb aur pandy desh ke rajaon ko bhi singhan ne akrant kiya aur apani in digvijayon ke upalakshy men kaveri nadi ke tat par ek vijay stambh ki sthapana ki. isamen sandeh nahin ki yadav raj singhan ek vishal samrajy ka nirman karane men saphal hua tha aur n keval sampoorn dakshinapath apitu kaveri tak ka dakshini bharat aur vindhyachal ke uttar ke bhi katipay pradesh usaki adhinata men a ge the. singhan n keval anupam vijeta tha, apitu sath hi vidvanon ka ashrayadata aur vidyapremi bhi tha. 'sngitaratnakar' ka rachayita sarngadhar usi ke ashray men rahata tha. prasiddh jyotishi changadev bhi usaki rajasabha ka ek ujjval ratn tha. bhaskarachary dvara rachit 'siddhantashiromani' tatha jyotish sambandhi any grnthon ke adhyayan ke lie usane ek shikshakendr ki sthapana bhi ki thi.

singhan ke uttaradhikari

singhan ke bad usake pote 'krishn' (1247-1260) ne aur phir krishn ke bhaee 'mahadev' (1260-1271) ne devagiri ke rajasinhasan ko sushobhit kiya. in rajaon ke samay men bhi gujarat aur shilahar rajy ke sath yadavon ke yuddh jari rahe. mahadev ke bad 'ramachandr' (1271-1309) yadavon ka raja bana. usake samay men 1294 ee. men dilli ke prasiddh afagan vijeta alauddin khilaji ne dakshini bharat men vijay yatra ki. is samay devagiri ka yadav rajy dakshinapath ki pradhan shakti tha. atah svabhavik roop se alauddin khilazi ka mukhy sngharsh yadav raja ramachandr ke sath hi hua. alauddin janata tha ki sammukh yuddh men ramachandr ko parast kar sakana sugam nahin hai. atah usane chhal ka prayog kiya aur yadav raj ke prati maitribhav pradarshit kar usaka atithy grahan kiya. is prakar jab ramachandr asavadhan ho gaya to alauddin ne us par achanak hamala kar diya. is sthiti men yadavon ke lie apani svatntrata ko qayam rakhana asambhav ho gaya aur ramachandr ne vivash hokar alauddin khilazi ke sath sandhi kar li.

alauddin dvara ramachandr ka svagat

is sandhi ke parinamasvaroop jo apar sampatti afagan vijeta ne prapt ki, usamen 600 man moti, 200 man ratn, 1000 man chandi, 4000 reshami vastr aur usi prakar ke any bahumooly upahar sammilit the. isake atirikt ramachandr ne alauddin khilazi ko varshik kar bhi dena svikrit kiya. yadyapi ramachandr parast ho gaya tha, phir bhi usamen abhi svatntrata ki bhavana avashisht thi. usane khilazi ke adhipaty ka jua utar phainkane ke vichar se varshik kar dena band kar diya. is par alauddin ne apane senapati malik kafoor ko us par akraman karane ke lie bheja. kafoor ka samana karane men ramachandr asamarth raha aur use giraftar karake dilli bhej diya gaya. vahan par khilazi sultan ne usaka svagat kiya aur use 'rayarayao' ki upadhi se vibhooshit kiya. alauddin ramachandr ki shakti se bhali-bhanti parichit tha aur isilie use apana adhinasth raja banakar hi sntusht ho gaya. par yadavon men apani svatntrata ki bhavana abhi tak bhi vidyaman thi.

ant

ramachandr ke bad usake putr 'shnkar' ne alauddin khilazi ke viruddh vidroh kiya. ek bar phir malik kafoor devagiri par akraman karane ke lie gaya aur usase ladate-ladate shnkar ne 1312 ee. men viragati prapt ki. 1316 men jab alauddin ki mrityu huee to ramachandr ke jamata 'harapal' ke netritv men yadavon ne ek bar phir svatntr hone ka prayatn kiya, par unhen saphalata nahin mili. harapal ko giraftar kar liya gaya aur apana rosh prakat karane ke lie sultan mubarak khan ne usaki jite-ji usaki khal khinchava di. is prakar devagiri ke yadav vnsh ki satta ka ant hua aur unaka pradesh dilli ke afagan samrajy ke antargat a gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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