गंग वंश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bharat men gng vnsh nam ke do alag-alag, lekin door ke snbndhi rajavnsh the.

  1. pashchimi gng vnsh (250 se lagabhag 1004 ee)
  2. poorvi gng vnsh (1028 se 1434-35 ee.)

itihas

pashchimi gng vnsh ka 250 se lagabhag 1004 ee. tak maisoor rajy (gngavadi) par shasan tha. poorvi gng vnsh ne 1028 se 1434-35 ee. tak kaling par shasan kiya. is nam ke bharat men do alag-alag, lekin door ke snbndhi rajavnsh the. pashchimi gng vnsh ke pratham shasak, konganivarman, ne apane vijay abhimanon se rajy ki sthapana ki, lekin unake uttaradhikariyon madhav aur harivarman ne pallavon, chalukyon aur kndabon ke sath vaivahik aur sainik samajhauton se apane prabhav kshetron men vriddhi ki. athavin shatabdi ke ant men ek parivarik vivad ne gng vnsh ko kamazor kar diya, lekin bootung dvitiy (lagabhag 937-960) ne tungabhadra aur krishna nadiyon ke bich vyapak kshetr par rajy qayam kiya. unaka rajy talakad (rajadhani) se vatapi tak phaila hua tha. cholon ke bar- bar akraman ne gngavadi aur unaki rajadhani ke bich snbndh vichchhed kar diya aur lagabhag 1004 ee. men chol raja vishnuvarddhan ke qabze men chala gaya.

dharm aur kala

poorvi gng vnsh dharm aur kala ka mahanh snrakshak tha aur usake shasanakal men nirmit mndir hindoo vastukala ke utkrisht udaharan hain. pashchimi gng vnsh ke adhikansh log jain dharm ke anuyayi the, lekin kuchh logon ne brahmanavadi hindoo dharm ko bhi prashray diya tha. unhonne kannad bhasha men vidvattapoorn shaikshik karyo ko badhaya diya, kuchh ullekhaniy mndir banavae, jngal saf kar kheti yogy zamin taiyar karavaee aur sinchaee tatha antarprayadvipiy vyapar ko badhava diya.

antarvivah

poorvi gng vnshon men antarvivah ki shuruat huee aur unhonne aise samay men cholon aur chaluky vnshon ko chunauti dena arnbh kiya, jab pashchimi gng yah sab chhodane par vivash ho chuke the.

arnbhik vnsh

poorvi gngon ka arnbhik vnsh athavin shatabdi se udisa men sattasin tha; lekin vajrast tritiy, jinhonne 1028 men trikalingadhipati (tin kalingon ka shasak) ki upadhi dharan ki thi, shayad ye pahale shasak the, jinhonne kaling ke tinon hisson par ek sath shasan kiya. unake putr rajaraj pratham ne chalon aur poorvi chalukyon par akraman kiya aur chol rajakumari rajasundari se vivah karake apani satta mazaboot ki. unake putr anntavarman kodagngadev ka shasan uttar men gnga ke udgam sthal se lekar dakshin men godavari ke udgam sthal tak phaila hua tha; unhonne 11vin shatabdi ke ant men puri men vishal jagannath mndir ka nirman arnbh karavaya.

akraman

1206 men akraman

rajaraj tritiy ne 1198 men gaddi snbhali. unhonne 1206 men udisa par akraman karane vale bngal ke musalamanon ka virodh nahin kiya, lekin unake putr anngabhim tritiy ne musalamanon ko pichhe hatakar bhuvaneshvar men megheshvar mndir ki sthapana ki.

1243 men akraman

anngabhim ke putr narasinh pratham ne 1243 men dakshin bngal ke musalaman shasak ko harakar unaki rajadhani (gauda) par qabja kar liya aur vijay smarak ke roop men konark men soory mndir banavaya. 1264 men narasinh ki mrityu ke sath hi poorvi gng vnsh ka patan shuroo ho gaya.

1324 men akraman

1324 men dilli ke sultan ne udisa par akraman kar diya aur 1356 men vijayanagar ne udisa ke rajaon ko parajit kar diya.

antim shasak

gng vnsh ke antim prasiddh shasak chaturth ne 1425 tak shasan kiya. unake uttaradhikari ‘pagal raja’ bhanudev chaturth ke bare men koee abhilekh upalabdh nahin hai. unake mntri kapilendr ne unhen sattachyut karake 1434-35 men soory vnsh ki ninv rakhi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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