बहमनी वंश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

muhammad bin tugalaq ke shasan kal ke antim dino men dakkan men 'amiran-e-sadah' ke vidroh ke parinamasvaroop 1347 ee. men 'bahamani samrajy' ki sthapana huee. dakkan ke saradaron ne daulatabad ke qile par adhikar kar' ismail' afagan ko' nasirooddin shah' ke nam se dakkan ka raja ghoshit kiya. ismail boodha aur aram talab hone ke karan is pad ke ayogy siddh hua. shighr hi use adhik yogy neta hasan, jisaki upadhi 'jafar khan' thi, ke paksh men gaddi chhodani padi. jafar khan ko saradaron ne 3 agast, 1347 ko 'alauddin bahamanashah' ke nam se sultan ghoshit kiya. usane apane ko eeran ke 'isphandiyar' ke vir putr 'bahamanashah' ka vnshaj bataya, jabaki farishta ke anusar- vah prarnbh men ek brahman gngoo ka naukar tha. usake prati samman prakat karane ke uddeshy se shasak banane ke bad bahamanashah ki upadhi li. alauddin hasan ne gulabarga ko apani rajadhani banaya tatha usaka nam badalakar 'ahasanabad' kar diya. usane samrajy ko char pranton- gulabarga, daulatabad, barar aur bidar men banta. 4 faravari, 1358 ko usaki mrityu ho gayi. isake uparant sinhasanaroodh hone vale shasako men firoj shah bahamani hi sabase yogy shasak tha.

bahamani vnsh ke shasak
shasak shasan kal
alauddin bahaman shah pratham 1347-1358 ee.
muhammad bahamani shah pratham 1358-1373 ee.
muzahid bahamani 1373-1377 ee.
daood bahamani 1378 ee.
muhammad bahamani shah dvitiy 1378-1397 ee.
gayasuddin bahamani 1397 ee.
shamsuddin bahamani 1397 ee.
firoj shah bahamani 1397-1422 ee.
ahamadashah pratham 1422-1435 ee.
alauddin ahamadashah dvitiy 1435-1457 ee.
humayoon shah bahamani 1457-1461 ee.
nizam shah bahamani 1461-63 ee.
muhammad bahamani shah tritiy 1463-82
mahamood shah bahamani 1482-1518 ee.
kalimulla bahamani shah 1526-1538 ee.

vijayanagar se yuddh

bahamani saltanat ki apane padosi vijayanagar ke hindoo rajy se lagatar anaban chalati rahi. vijayanagar rajy us samay tungabhadra nadi ke dakshin aur krishna nadi ke uttari kshetr men phaila hua tha aur usaki pashchimi sima bahamani rajy se mili huee thi. vijayanagar rajy ke do mazaboot qile mudagal aur rayachoor bahamani sima ke nikat sthit the. in qilon par bahamani saltanat aur vijayanagar rajy donon dant lagaye hue the. in donon rajyon men dharm ka antar bhi tha. bahamani rajy islami aur vijayanagar rajy hindoo tha. bahamani saltanat ki sthapana ke bad hi un donon rajyon men ladaiyan shuroo ho geen aur ve tab tak chalati rahin jab tak bahamani saltanat qayam rahi. bahamani sultanon ke dvara padosi hindoo rajy ko nasht karane ke sabhi prayas nishphal siddh hue, yadyapi in yuddhon men anek bar bahamani sultanon ki vijay huee aur rayachoor ke doab par vijayanagar ke rajaon ke muqabale men bahamani sultanon ka adhikar adhik samay tak raha.

takht ke lie raktapat

bahamani sultanon men takht ke lie prayah raktapat hota raha. char sultanon ko qatl kar diya gaya. do any ko gaddi se jabaran utar kar andha kar diya gaya. chaudah sultanon men se keval panch sultan hi apani maut se mare. naven sultan ahamad ne rajadhani gulabarg se hatakar bidar banayi, jahan usane anek alishan imaraton ka nirman karaya.

shasanik pad

bahamani rajy ki abadi men musalaman alpasnkhyak the, isalie sultan ne rajy ke bahar ke musalamanon ko vahan akar basane ke lie protsahit kiya. parinamasvaroop bahut se videshi musalaman vahan akar bas gaye jo adhikatar shiya the. unamen se bahut se logon ko rajy ke mahattvapoorn padon par niyukt kiya gaya. videshi musalamanon ke badhate hue prabhav se khinn hokar dakkhini au abisiniyaee musalaman, jo zyadatar sunni the, unase shatruta rakhane lage.

bahamani saltanat ka patan

dasaven sultan alauddin dvitiy (1435-57 ee.) ke shasanakal men dakkhini aur videshi musalamanon ke sngharsh ne atyant ugr roop dharan kar liya. 1481 ee. men 13ven sultan muhammad tritiy ke rajy kal men mahamood gavan ko phansi de di gee, jo gyarahaven sultan hamayoon ke samay se bahamani saltanat ka bada vazir tha aur usane rajy ki badi seva ki thi. muhammad gavan ki maut ke bad bahamani saltanat ka patan shuroo ho gaya.

svatntr rajy

agale aur akhiri sulatan mahamood ke rajyakal men bahamani rajy ke panch svatntr rajy barar, bidar, ahamadanagar, golakunda aur bijapur ban gaye. jinake soobedaron ne apane ko svatntr sultan ghoshit kar diya. in panchon rajyon ne 17vin shatabdi tak apani svatntrata banaye rakhi. tab in sabako mugal samrajy men mila liya gaya.

bahamani rajy se svatntr hue rajy
rajy snsthapak rajavnsh rajadhani samay
barar fatehulla imadashah imadashahi vnsh elichapur, gavilagadh 1484 ee.
bijapur yoosuf adil khan adilashahi vnsh naurasapur 1489-90 ee.
ahamadanagar malik ahamad nizamashahi vnsh junnar, ahamadanagar 1490 ee.
golakunda kuli kutubashah kutubashahi vnsh golakunda 1512-18 ee.
bidar amir ali barid baridashahi vnsh bidar 1526-27 ee.

islami shiksha

bahamani saltanat se koee khas fayada nahin pahuncha. kuchh bahamani sultanon ne islami shiksha ko protsahan diya aur rajy ke poorvi bhag men sinchaee ka prabndh kiya. lekin unaki ladaiyon, narasnhar aur agajani se praja ko bahut nuqasan pahuncha.

samriddhi aur aishvary

is saltanat men sadharan praja ki dasha bahut dayaniy thi, jaisa ki roosi vyapari ethanasiyas nikitin ne likha hai, jisane bahamani rajy ka char varsh (1470-74 ee.) tak bhraman kiya. usane likha hai ki bhoomi par janasnkhya ka bhar atyadhik hai, jabaki amir log samriddhi aur aishvary ka jivan bitate hain. ve jahan kahin jate hain, unake lie chandi ke palng pahale se hi ravana kar diye jate hain. unake sath bahut ghudasavar aur sipahi, mashalachi aur gavaiye chalate hain.

qile aur masjiden

bahamani sultanon ne gabilagadh aur naranal men mazaboot qile banavaye aur gulabarg evn bidar men kuchh masjiden bhi banavayin. bahamani saltanat ke itihas se prakat hota hai ki hindoo abadi ko samoohik roop se kis prakar jabaran musalaman banane ka sultanon ka prayas kis prakar viphal hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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