गायकवाड़  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gayakavad bharatiy itihas men ek prasiddh maratha vnsh ke roop men prasiddh raha hai, jo peshava bajirav pratham (1720-1740 ee.) ke shasan kal men satta men aya tha. is vnsh ke snsthapak damaji gayakavad pratham ke bare men kuchh bhi thik se gyat nahin hai. damaji gayakavad pratham ke bhatije pilaji gayakavad (1721-32) ke jivan kal men yah vnsh pramukhata men aya.

peshava se sandhi

pilaji gayakavad raja sahoo ke senapati khanderav dabhade ke gut ka tha. usane 1720 ee. men soorat se 50 mil poorv saunagadh men ek durg ka nirman karaya tha. 1731 ee. men pilaji 'bilhapur' athava 'balapur' ke yuddh men khanderav ke putr aur uttaradhikari tryambakarav dabhade ki taraf se lada. kintu is yuddh men dabhade ki parajay aur mrityu ho jane par pilaji ne peshava bajirav pratham ke sath sndhi kar li. peshava ne use gujarat par nigah rakhane ko kaha. gayakavad ne apana mukhy thikana badauda ko banaya. pilaji gayakavad ki 1732 ee. men hatya kar di gee aur usaka putr damaji gayakavad dvitiy uttaradhikari bana.[1]

angrezon ka vafadar

damaji gayakavad dvitiy san 1761 ee. men panipat ke yuddh men maujood tha aur yuddh men har ho jane ke bad vah vahan se bhag nikala. san 1768 ee. men damaji gayakavad dvitiy ki mrityu ho gee. damaji gayakavad dvitiy ke kee putr the, jinamen 1768 se 1800 ee. tak lagatar uttaradhikar ka yuddh chalata raha. 1800 ee. men damaji gayakavad dvitiy ke bade ladake govindarav ka putr sinhasan par asin hua, jisane 1819 ee. tak shasan kiya. is dauran gayakavad vnsh ne angrezon ke sath shantipoorn sambandh banaye rakha aur bina kisi yuddh ke 1805 ee. men ashrit sndhi kar li. gayakavad vnsh angrezon ke prati vafadar bana raha aur is karan doosare aur tisare angl-maratha yuddhon men any maratha saradaron ko jan-dhan ki jo apar kshati uthani padi, usase vah bach gaya.

vnsh ke uttaradhikari

anandarav ka uttaradhikari usaka bhaee sayajirav dvitiy (1819-47) bana aur usake bad usake tin putr ganapatirav (1847-56), khanderav (1856-70) aur malhararav (1870-75) kramash: sinhasan par asin hue. malhararav par kushasan aur british rejident karnal feyare ko vish dekar marava dalane ka abhiyog chalaya gaya. malhararav ko giraphtar kar liya gaya aur vaisaray laaurd narthabruk dvara niyukt ayog ke samane us par muqadama chalaya gaya. hatyabhiyog par ayog ke sadasyon men matabhed tha, at: malhararav ko bari kar diya gaya, kintu duracharan aur kushasan ke arop men use gaddi se utar diya gaya. malhararav ke koee sntan nahin thi, isalie bharat sarakar ne sayajirav namak balak ko, jisaka gayakavad vnsh se door ka sambandh tha, gaddi par baitha diya. sarakar ne naye shasak ke alpavayask rahane tak prashasan sar ti. madhavarav ke hathon supurd kar diya. sayajirav tritiy ne 1875 ee. men shasan sambhala aur 1933 ee. men usaki mrityu huee. sayajirav ne apane ko deshi rajavadon men sarvadhik yogy aur jagarook shasak siddh kiya aur badauda ko bharat ka sarvadhik unnatishil rajy bana diya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 bharatiy itihas kosh |lekhak: sachchidanand bhattachary |prakashak: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan |prishth snkhya: 124 |

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