आंग्ल-मराठा युद्ध  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bharat ke itihas men tin angl-maratha yuddh hue hain. ye tinon yuddh 1775 ee. se 1818 ee. tak chale. ye yuddh british senaon aur 'maratha mahasngh' ke bich hue the. in yuddhon ka parinam yah hua ki maratha mahasngh ka poori tarah se vinash ho gaya. marathon men pahale se hi apas men kafi bhedabhav the, jis karan vah angrezon ke viruddh ekajut nahin ho sake. jahan raghunatharav ne eest indiya kampani se mitrata karake peshava banane ka sapana dekha, aur angrezon ke sath soorat ki sandhi ki, vahin qayar bajirav dvitiy ne basin bhagakar angrezon ke sath basin ki sandhi ki aur marathon ki svatntrata ko bech diya. pahala yuddh(1775-1782 ee.) raghunatharav dvara mahasngh ke peshava (mukhyamntri) ke dave ko lekar british samarthan se prarambh hua. janavari 1779 ee. men badaganv men angrez parajit ho ge, lekin unhonne marathon ke sath salabaee ki sandhi (mee 1782 ee.) hone tak yuddh jari rakha. isamen angrezon ko bnbee (vartaman munbee) ke pas 'salaset dvip' par qabze ke roop men ekamatr labh mila. 1818 ee. men bajirav dvitiy ne angrezon ke age atm samarpan kar diya. angrezon ne use bandi banakar bithoor bhej diya tha, jahan 1853 ee. men usaki mrityu ho gee. marathon ke patan men mukhy bhoomika bajirav dvitiy ki hi rahi thi, jisane apani qayarata aur dhokhebazi se sampoorn marathon aur apane kul ko kalnkit kiya tha.

yuddh

angezon aur marathon ke madhy tin angl-maratha yuddh hue-

  1. pratham yuddh (1775 - 1782 ee.)
  2. dvitiy yuddh (1803 - 1806 ee.)
  3. tritiy yuddh (1817 - 1818 ee.)

pratham yuddh

pratham angl maratha yuddh 1775 - 1782 ee. tak chala. raghova (raghunatharav) eest indiya kampani se santh-ganth karake svayn peshava banane ka sapana dekhane laga tha. usane 1775 ee. men angrezon se soorat ki sandhi ki, jisake anusar bambee sarakar raghova se dedh lakh rupaye masik kharch lekar use 2500 sainikon ki sahayata degi. is sahayata ke badale raghova ne angrezon ko bambee ke samip sthit salaset dvip tatha basin ko dene ka vachan diya. 1779 ee. men kampani sena ki badaganv namak sthan par bhnyakar har huee aur use badaganv ki sandhi karani padi. is har ke bavajood bhi varen hestings ne sandhi hone tak yuddh ko jari rakha tha.

dvitay yuddh

dvitiy-angl maratha yuddh 1803 - 1806 ee. tak chala. bajirav dvitiy ko apane adhin banane ke pashchath angrez is bat ke lie prayatnashil the ki, ve holkar, bhosalen tatha mahadaji shinde ko bhi apane adhin kar len. sath hi ve apani kootaniti se us parasparik kalah aur phoot ko badhava bhi dete rahe, jo maratha rajaniti ka sada hi ek gun raha tha. vasko d gama doosari bar 1502 men kalikat aya aur kochin men pratham purtagali faiktri ki sthapana ki.

tritiy yuddh

tritiy angl-maratha yuddh 1817 - 1818 ee. tak chala. yah yuddh antim roop se varen hestings ke bharat ke gavarnar-janaral banane ke bad lada gaya. angrejon ne navambar, 1817 men mahadaji shinde ke sath gvaliyar ki sandhi ki, jisake anusar mahadaji shinde pindariyon ke daman men angrejon ka sahayog karega aur sath hi chnbal nadi se dakshin-pashchim ke rajyon par apana prabhav hata lega. joon, 1817 men angrejon ne peshava se poona ki sandhi ki, jisake tahat peshava ne 'maratha sngh' ki adhyakshata tyag di.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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