ताना भगत आन्दोलन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

tana bhagat andolan ki shuruat varsh 1914 een. men bihar men huee thi. yah andolan lagan ki oonchi dar tatha chaukidari kar ke viruddh kiya gaya tha. is andolan ke pravartak 'jatara bhagat' the, jise kabhi birasa munda, kabhi jami to kabhi kesar baba ke samatuly hone ki bat kahi gayi hai. isake atirikt is andolan ke any netaon men balaram bhagat, gururakshitani bhagat adi ke nam pramukh the.

andolan ki shuruat

'munda andolan' ki samapti ke qarib 13 varsh bad 'tana bhagat andolan' shuroo hua. yah aisa dharmik andolan tha, jisake rajanitik lakshy the. yah adivasi janata ko sngathit karane ke lie naye 'pnth' ke nirman ka andolan tha. is mayane men yah birasa munda andolan ka hi vistar tha. mukti-sngharsh ke kram men birasa munda ne janajatiy pnth ki sthapana ke lie samudayikata ke adarsh aur manadnd nirdharit kiye the.[1]

adarsh tatha manadand

tana bhagat andolan men un adarshon aur manadndon ke adhar par janajatiy pnth ko sunishchit akar pradan kiya gaya. birasa ne sngharsh ke dauran shantimay aur ahinsak tarike vikasit karane ke prayas kiye. tana bhagat andolan men ahinsa ko snsharsh ke amogh astr ke roop men svikar kiya gaya. birasa andolan ke tahat jharakhnd men british hukoomat ke khilaf sngharsh ka aisa svaroop vikasit hua, jisako kshetriyata ki sima men bandha nahin ja sakata tha. is andolan ne sngathan ka dhancha aur mool rananiti men kshetriyata se mukt rah kar aisa akar grahan kiya ki vah mahatma gandhi ke netritv men jari azadi ke 'bharatiy rashtriy andolan' ka avibhajy ang ban gaya.

jatara bhagat ka yogadan

prapt aitihasik janakari ke anusar jatara bhagat, jo uranv jati ke the, unake netritv men is andolan ke lie jo sngathan naye pnth ke roop men vikasit hua, usamen qarib 26 hazar sadasy shamil the. vah bhi varsh 1914 ke daur men. jatara bhagat ka janm vartaman gumala zile ke bishunapur prakhnd ke chingari ganv men 1888 men hua tha. jatara bhagat ne 1914 men adivasi samaj men pashu bali, mans bhakshan, jiv hatya, sharab sevan adi durgunon ko chhod kar satvik jivan yapan karane ka abhiyan chheda. unhonne bhoot-pret jaise andhavishvason ke khilaf satvik evn nidar jivan ki nayi shaili ka sootrapat kiya. us shaili se shoshan aur anyay ke khilaf ladane ki nayi drishti adivasi samaj men panapane lagi. tab andolan ka rajanitik lakshy spasht hone laga tha. satvik jivan ke lie ek naye pnth par chalane vale hazaron adivasi jaise samnton, sahukaron aur british hukoomat ke khilaf sngathit 'ahinsak sena' ke sadasy ho gaye.[1]

svadeshi andolan se judav

jatara bhagat ke netritv men ailan hua ki "malaguzari nahin denge, begari nahin karenge aur kar nahin denge". isake sath hi jatara bhagat ka vidroh 'tana bhagat andolan' ke roop men surkhiyon men a gaya. andolan ke mool charitr aur niti ko samajhane men asamarth angrez sarakar ne ghabarakar jatara bhagat ko 1914 men giraphtar kar liya. unhen dedh sal ki saja di gayi. jel se chhootane ke bad jatara ka achanak dehant ho gaya, lekin tana bhagat andolan apani ahinsak niti ke karan nirntar vikasit hote hue mahatma gandhi ke 'svadeshi andolan' se jud gaya. yah to kangres ke itihas men bhi darj hai ki 1922 men kangres ke gaya sammelan aur 1923 ke nagapur satyagrah men badi snkhya men tana bhagat shamil hue the. 1940 men ramagadh kangres men tana bhagaton ne mahatma gandhi ko 400 rupaye ki thaili di thi.

tana bhagaton ki shakhaen

kalantar men riti-rivajon men bhinnata ke karan tana bhagaton ki kee shakhaen panap gayin. unaki pramukh shakha ko 'sada bhagat' kaha jata hai. isake atirikt 'bachhidan bhagat', 'karama bhagat', 'lodari bhagat', 'nava bhagat', 'narayan bhagat', 'gaurakshani bhagat' adi kee shakhaen hain.[1]

adhiniyam ka nirman

1948 men bharat ki azad sarakar ne 'tana bhagat raiyat egrikalcharal laind restoreshan ekt' parit kiya. yah adhiniyam apane ap men british hukoomat ke khilaf tana bhagaton ke andolan ki vyapakata aur unaki kurbani ka aeena tha. is adhiniyam men 1913 se 1942 tak ki avadhi men angrez sarakar dvara tana bhagaton ki nilam ki gayi jamin ko vapas dilane ka pravadhan kiya gaya tha.


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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 jharakhand ka itihas (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 04 mee, 2014.

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