जार्ज अब्राहम ग्रियर्सन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jarj abraham griyarsan
sar jarj abraham griyarsan
poora nam sar jarj abraham griyarsan
janm 7 janavari, 1851
janm bhoomi dablin, ayaralaind
mrityu 9 march, 1941
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr itihasakar, angrezi sahityakar, anveshak
bhasha angrezi
puraskar-upadhi griyarsan ko sarakar ki or se 1894 men si.aee.ee. aur 1912 men 'sar' ki upadhi di gee.
prasiddhi griyarsan ki khyati ka pradhan stnbh lingvistik sarve aauf indiya hai.
vishesh yogadan buddh aur ashok ki dharmalipi ke bad griyarsan krit sarve 'lingvistik sarve aauf indiya' hi ek aisa pahala grnth hai jisamen dainik jivan men boli janevali bhashaon aur boliyon ka digdarshan prapt hota hai.
any janakari griyarsan ko hindi se atishay prem tha. isilie inhonne 33 varsh tak paryapt parishram kar asnkhy vyaktiyon se patrachar evn sampark sthapit karake bharatiy bhashaon evn boliyon ke vishay men bharasak pramanik ankade aur vivaran ekatr kiye.

sar jarj abraham griyarsan (angrezi: Sir George Abraham Grierson, janm: 7 janavari, 1851; mrityu: 9 march, 1941) ka bharatiy vidyavisharadon men, visheshat: bhashavigyan ke kshetr men evn lingvistik sarve aauf indiya ke praneta ke roop men amar sthan hai. graus aur bims ki bhanti ve bhi 'indiyan sivil sarvis' ke karmachari the. unaka janm dablin ke nikat 7 janavari, 1851 ko hua tha. unake pita ayaralaind men 'kvins printar' the. 1868 se dablin men hi unhonne snskrit aur hindustani ka adhyayan prarnbh kar diya tha. biz (Bee's) skool shyoozabari, trinati kaaulej, dablin aur kainbrij tatha hale (Halle) jarmani men shiksha grahan kar 1853 men ve 'indiyan sivil sarvis' ke karmachari ke roop men bngal ae aur prarnbh se hi bharatiy ary tatha any bharatiy bhashaon ke adhyayan ki or ruchi prakat ki. 1880 men 'inspektar aauph skools', bihar aur 1869 tak patana ke 'aidishanal kamishnar aur aupiyam ezent', bihar ke roop men unhonne kary kiya. sarakari kamon se chhutti pane ke bad ve apana atirikt samay snskrit, prakrit, purani hindi, bihari aur bngala bhashaon aur sahityon ke adhyayan men lagate the. jahan bhi unaki niyukti hoti thi vahin ki bhasha, boli, sahity aur lokajivan ki or unaka dhyan akrisht hota tha.

mahattvapoorn khoj kary

1873 aur 1869 ke karyakal men griyarsan ne apane mahattvapoorn khoj kary kie. uttari bngal ke lokagit, kavita aur rngapur ki bngala boli jarnal aauph di eshiyatik sosayati aauph bngal[1] raja gopichnd ki katha[2] maithili gramar[3] seven gramars aauph di dayalekts aauph di bihari laingvej introdakshan tu di maithili laingvej; e haind buk tu di kaithi kairektar, bihar pejent laiph, biig deskriptiv kaitelag aauph di saraundingj aauph di varnakyulars, jarnal aauph di jarman oriental sosaiti, kashmiri vyakaran aur kosh, kashmiri mainuel, padmavati ka snpadan[4] mahamahopadhyay sudhakar dvivedi ki sahakarita men, bihari krit satasee[5] ka snpadan, nots aaun tulasidas, di madarn varnakyular litarechar aauph hindustan[6] adi unaki kuchh mahattvapoorn rachanaen hain.

sarvekshan kary prarnbh

  • griyarsan ki khyati ka pradhan stnbh lingvistik sarve aauph indiya hi hai. 1885 men prachy vidyavisharadon ki antarrashtriy kangres ne 'viena adhiveshan' men bharatavarsh ke bhasha sarvekshan ki avashyakata ka anubhav karate hue bharatiy sarakar ka dhyan is or akrisht kiya. phalat: bharatiy sarakar ne 1888 men griyarsan ki adhyakshata men sarvekshan kary prarnbh kiya.
  • 1888 se 1903 tak unhonne is kary ke liye samagri snkalit ki.
  • 1902 men naukari se avakash grahan karane ke pashchath 1903 men jab unhonne bharat chhoda sarve ke vibhinn khnd kramash: prakashit hone lage.
  • griyarsan ke sarve 21 jildon men hai aur usamen bharat ki 179 bhashaon aur 544 boliyon ka savistar sarvekshan hai. sath hi bhashavigyan aur vyakaran snbndhi samagri se bhi vah poorn hai.
  • griyarsan krit sarve apane dhng ka ek vishisht grnth hai. usamen hamen bharatavarsh ka bhasha snbndhi manachitr milata hai aur usaka atyadhik sanskritik mahatv hai. dainik jivan men vyavahrit bhashaon aur boliyon ka itana sookshm adhyayan pahale kabhi nahin hua tha. buddh aur ashok ki dharmalipi ke bad griyarsan krit sarve hi ek aisa pahala grnth hai jisamen dainik jivan men boli janevali bhashaon aur boliyon ka digdarshan prapt hota hai.

'sar' ki upadhi

griyarsan ko sarakar ki or se 1894 men si.aee.ee. aur 1912 men 'sar' ki upadhi di gee. avakash grahan karane ke pashchath ye kainbale men rahate the. adhunik bharatiy bhashaon ke adhyayan kshetr men sabhi vidvanh unaka bhar svikar karate the. 1876 se hi ve bngal ki raauyal eshiyatik sosaiti ke sadasy the. unaki rachanaen pradhanat: sosayati ke jarnal men hi prakashit hueen. 1893 men ve mntri ke roop men sosaiti ki kaunsil ke sadasy aur 1904 men aaunareri phelo manonit hue. 1894 men unhonne hale se pi.ech.di. aur 1902 men triniti kaaulej, dablin se di.lith. ki upadhiyan prapt kin. ve raauyal eshiyatik sosayati ke bhi sadasy the.

nidhan

griyarsan ki mrityu 1941 men huee.

upalabdhiyan

griyarsan ko bharatiy snskriti aur yahan ke nivasiyon ke prati agadh prem tha. bharatiy bhashavigyan ke ve mahanh unnayak the. navy bharatiy aryabhashaon ke adhyayan ki drishti se unhen bims, bhndarakar aur harnali ke samakaksh rakha ja sakata hai. ek sahriday vyakti ke roop men bhi ve bharatavasiyon ki shraddha ke patr bane. unake dvara prapt mahattvapoorn upalabdhiyan is prakar hain -

  • jarj abraham griyarsan[7] sanh 1868 men rabart etakinsan se snskrit varnamala ka gyan prapt kiya.
  • inhonne bharat ki pauranik gathaon men itihas ka darshan kiya aur graminon ki kahavaton men gyan prapt kiya. ye ved, darshan aur snskrit se bhi bahut prabhavit the. inake sahayakon men gaurikant, stenakonon, ee. ech. hal adi rahe hain. ek bhasha - vaigyanik evn itihasakar ke roop men ye prasiddh hain.
  • inhonne bihar men kam karana prarambh kiya tha. vahin inhonne bihari bhashaon ka adhyayan kiya aur 'bihari bhashaon ke sat vyakaran 1883 se 1887 ee. tak prakashit kiye.

Blockquote-open.gif isaka vivaranatmak bhag do hisson men vibhakt hai. pahale ka shirshak 'bhoomika' hai aur isamen un sabhi poorv prayatnon ka vivaran prastut hai, jo bharat ki bhashaon ke adhyayan ke sambandh men kiye gaye the. doosare bhag men sarvekshan ke parinamon tatha un prapt shikshaon par drishtipat karane ka prayatn kiya gaya hai. in do khandon ke atirikt is sarvekshan men do any sngrah bhi hai jinamen samast sarvekshan ke lie brihat yog evn laghu yog tatha shodhaniy samagri hai. ant men tin parishisht bhi jode gaye hai. inamen bharat ki sabhi bhashaon ki vargikrit soochi, un bhashaon ki soochi, jinake gramophon rekard is desh men tatha peris men upalabdh hain tatha sabhi bharatiy bhashaon ke nam hain. isamen vibhinn bhashaon ke namoone bhi hain Blockquote-close.gif

- griyarsan
  • griyarsan ko hindi se atishay prem tha. isilie inhonne 33 varsh tak paryapt parishram kar asnkhy vyaktiyon se patrachar evn sampark sthapit karake bharatiy bhashaon evn boliyon ke vishay men bharasak pramanik ankade aur vivaran ekatr kiye.[8] bhashaon aur boliyon ke sambandh men khoj tatha chhanabin ka itana vishal evn vistrit prayatn kisi bhi desh men nahin kiya gaya. angrezi men yah 11 jildon men prakashit hua tha.
  • griyarsan ke hi shabdon men "isaka vivaranatmak bhag do hisson men vibhakt hai. pahale ka shirshak 'bhoomika' hai aur isamen un sabhi poorv prayatnon ka vivaran prastut hai, jo bharat ki bhashaon ke adhyayan ke sambandh men kiye gaye the. doosare bhag men sarvekshan ke parinamon tatha un prapt shikshaon par drishtipat karane ka prayatn kiya gaya hai. in do khandon ke atirikt is sarvekshan men do any sngrah bhi hai jinamen samast sarvekshan ke lie brihat yog evn laghu yog tatha shodhaniy samagri hai. ant men tin parishisht bhi jode gaye hai. inamen bharat ki sabhi bhashaon ki vargikrit soochi, un bhashaon ki soochi, jinake gramophon rekard is desh men tatha peris men upalabdh hain tatha sabhi bharatiy bhashaon ke nam hain. isamen vibhinn bhashaon ke namoone bhi hain."
  • bhasha- sarvekshan namak yah grnth sahity, bhasha tatha usake itihas ke lie ek anupam sandarbh grnth hai. ve ise 1894 se prarambh kar 1927 ee. men samapt kar sake. isi se usaki vishalata ka andaja lagega.
  • isake atirikt inaki ek pustak madarn varnakyular litarechar aauf nadarn hindustan bhi hai, jisaka prakashan sanh 1889 ee. men hua. *1906 ee. men pishach bhasha tatha 1911 men kashmiri[9] par bhi inake pramanik grnth nikale. 1924 men 4 bhagon men inaka kashmiri kosh prakashit hua.
  • griyarsan ka bhasha sambandhi vargikaran bhale hi uchit n ho par mahattvapoorn avashy hai. unaki drishti men hindi, hindustani ka hi ek roop hai. *hindustani ko unhonne mool bhasha mana hai. isaki parinati ve urdoo men manate hain.
  • griyarsan ke bhasha-sarvekshan men vibhinn boliyon ke udaharan to hai kintu arabi - pharasi shabdon ki snkhya nagany hai. ve theth hindustani ko sahityik urdoo tatha hindi ki janani manate hain. 11 jildon[10] men sabhi bharatiy bhashaon evn boliyon ka udaharan evn unaka vyakaran de dena griyarsan ke amaratv ke lie paryapt hai.
  • griyarsan ki suvistrit bhoomika unake shreshth pandity ka utkrisht praman hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. jarnal aauph di eshiyatik sosayati aauph bngal, 1877, jild 1 snkhya 3, pri. 186-226 :
  2. jarnal aauph di eshiyatik sosayati aauph bngal, 1858,jild 1 snkhya 3, pri.135-238
  3. 1880
  4. 1902
  5. lalloolal krit tika sahit
  6. 1889
  7. 1851-1941
  8. lingvistik sarve aauf indiya
  9. 2 bhagon men
  10. jinamen se kuchh bhagon men vibhakt hain

dhirendr, varma “bhag- 2 par adharit”, hindi sahity kosh (hindi), 165.

griyarsan, jarj abraham (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 5 aktoobar, 2011.

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