भोजपुरी भाषा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhojapuri bhashaee parivar ke star par ek ary bhasha hai aur mukhy roop se pashchim bihar aur poorvi uttar pradesh aur uttari jharakhand ke kshetr men boli jati hai. bhojapuri hindi ki ek upabhasha ya boli hai. bhojapuri apane shabdavali ke liye mukhyatah snskrit evn hindi par nirbhar hai kuchh shabd isane urdoo se bhi grahan kiye hain. bhojapuri janane-samajhane valon ka vistar vishv ke sabhi mahadvipon par hai jisaka karan british raj ke dauran uttar bharat se angrezon dvara le jaye gaye mazadoor hain jinake vnshaj ab jahan unake poorvaj gaye the vahin bas gaye hain. iname soorinam, guyana, trinidad, phiji aur tobaigo adi desh pramukh hai. bharat ke janaganana ankado़ ke anusar bharat men lagabhag 3.3 karod log bhojapuri bolate hain. poore vishv men bhojapuri janane valon ki snkhya lagabhag 5 karod hai.

snkshipt parichay

  • kendrbhojapur
  • bolane valon ki snkhya— 3.5 karod (bolane valon ki snkhya ki drishti se hindi pradesh ki boliyon men sabase adhik boli jane vali boli).
  • is boli ka prasar bharat ke bahar soorinam, phiji, maaurishas, gayana, trinidad men hai. is drishti se bhojapuri antarrashtriy mahattv ki boli hai.
  • sahity— bhojapuri men likhit sahity nahin ke barabar hai. moolatah bhojapuri bhashi sahityakar madhyakal men brajabhasha v avadhi men tatha adhunik kal men hindi men lekhan karate rahe hain. lekin ab sthiti men parivartan a raha hai.
  • rachanakarbhikhari thakur (upanam— 'bhojapuri ka sheksapiyar', 'bhojapuri ka bharatendu').
  • sinemasinema jagat men bhojapuri hi hindi ki vah boli hai, jisamen sabase adhik filmen banati hain.
  • namoona— kahe das–das panarah–panarah hazar ke bhid hola ee natak dekhen khatir. maloom hota ki ehi natak men pabalik ke ras avela.

bhaugolik vargikaran

daau. griyarsan ne bharatiy bhashaon ko antarng or bahirng in do shreniyon men vibhakt kiya hai jisamen bahirng ke antargat unhonne tin pradhan shakhaen svikar ki hain -

  • uttar pashchimi shakha
  • dakshini shakha aur
  • poorvi shakha.

is antim shakha ke antargat udiya, asami, bangla aur bihari bhashaon ki ganana ki jati hai. bihari bhashaon men maithili, magahi aur bhojapuri - ye tin boliyan mani jati hain. kshetravistar aur bhashabhashiyon ki snkhya ke adhar par bhojapuri apani bahanon maithili aur magahi men sabase badi hai. bhojapuri hindi ki ek upabhasha ya boli nahin hai.

namakaran

bhojapuri bhasha ka namakaran bihar rajy ke ara (shahabad) zile men sthit bhojapur namak ganv ke nam par hua hai. poorvavarti ara zile ke baksar sab-divijan (ab baksar alag zila hai) men bhojapur nam ka ek bada paragana hai jisamen 'navaka bhojapur' aur 'puranaka bhojapur' do ganv hain. madhy kal men is sthan ko madhy pradesh ke ujjain se ae bhojavnshi paramar rajaon ne basaya tha. unhonne apani is rajadhani ko apane poorvaj raja bhoj ke nam par bhojapur rakha tha. isi karan isake pas boli jane vali bhasha ka nam bhojapuri pad gaya.

itihas

bhojapuri bhasha ka itihas 7 vin sadi se shuroo hota hai - 1000 se adhik sal purani! guru gorakh nath ne 1100 varsh men gorakh bani likhi thi. snt kabir das (1297) ka janm bhojapuri divas ke roop men bharat men svikar kiya gaya hai aur vishv bhojapuri divas ke roop men manaya jata hai.

bhojapuri bhasha ki pradhan boliyan

  • adarsh bhojapuri,
  • pashchimi bhojapuri aur
  • any do upaboliyan (sab dailekts) 'maghesi' tatha 'tharu' ke nam se prasiddh hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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